A community for people who want to remain as healthy as possible as we age.

These 14 words are all the nutrition advice you need to eat healthy

(Business Insider) Almost all nutrition experts would give the same basic advice to the average person, and Nestle sums up this advice perfectly in 14 words:
"Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits; balance calories; don't eat too much junk food."
That's all the average person needs to know about diet. There are no deep secrets, no magic pills. If your doctor tells you that you need to start avoiding a food or eating more of something, listen. But otherwise, don't worry about it.
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Lack of Fresh Food Choices Linked to Signs of Early Heart Disease

(American Heart Association) A lack of access to nearby stores selling fresh food may increase residents' risk of developing the signs of early heart disease, according to new research…
After researchers excluded other features in these communities, including recreational centers, the data suggested that decreased access to heart-healthy food stores is the common thread in more rapid progression of coronary atherosclerosis in middle-aged and older individuals.
"We found that healthy food stores within one mile of their home was the only significant factor that reduced or slowed the progression of calcium buildup in coronary arteries," said Ella August, Ph.D., co-lead author who initiated the study and clinical assistant professor of epidemiology at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. "Our results point to a need for greater awareness of the potential health threat posed by the scarcity of healthy grocery options in certain neighborhoods."
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Food gardens offer healthy rewards beyond nutrition

(KSL.com) The perks of gardening go beyond a beautiful yard or community park. This simple activity has a variety of healthy rewards.
Food gardens, in particular, are not only sources of fresh and delicious produce; their harvest includes the possibility of improved eating habits and enjoyable physical activity. In addition, sharing a garden with family, friends or the community can provide social and mental benefits...
For physical activity, light digging, planting, mulching and weeding all count toward the type of moderate-intensity physical activity recommended for health...
In urban areas, community gardens can help increase the availability and intake of fruits and vegetables for individuals by offering affordable and convenient access to fresh produce. In one recent study, adults with a household member who participated in a community garden consumed fruits and vegetables more often than those who did not participate. They were also more likely to consume fruits and vegetables at least five times a day.
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Personalized Nutrition Is Better Than a 'One Size Fits All' Approach in Improving Diets

(Newcastle University) People receiving personalised nutrition advice develop healthier eating habits including consuming less red meat and reducing their salt intake, a study has found.
A website has also been shown to be effective at helping people make important changes to their eating patterns…
The "personalised nutrition" approach is based on the idea that by "individualising" advice and support, each of us can, and will be motivated to, make the dietary changes necessary for our individual needs.
Instead of providing generic advice such as "eat at least five portions of fruits and vegetables daily" or "eat two portions of fish, one of which is oily fish, per week," a personalised nutrition approach uses information to derive specific advice and support relevant for the individual.
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The Healthiest Eaters Are the Most Culturally 'Fit'

(Society for Personality and Social Psychology) A recent study shows that in the U.S. and Japan, people who fit better with their culture have healthier eating habits…
Healthy eating can help reduce one's risk for a number of different diseases down the line, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
"In the U.S., having choice and control and being independent are very important," says [lead author Cynthia] Levine. "Giving people lots of healthy choices or allowing people to feel that they have control over whether they eat healthy options is likely to foster healthier eating."
In Japan where the culture places more emphasis on interdependence and maintaining relationships, a focus on choice and control is less likely to be the key to more healthy eating, write the authors.
"Instead," says Levine, "in Japan, promoting healthy eating is likely to be most effective when it builds on and strengthens social bonds."
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Dark Chocolates Now a Part of Healthy Diet

(Headlines & Global News) When it comes to food indulgence, chocolate or beverages like a cup of hot chocolate rank number one and the rank remains the same when it comes to the list of food that one needs to give up while on a diet. But, it is now being suggested that along with a nutrient-rich diet, as recommended by the U.S. Dietary Guidelines, the consumption of one ounce or less of dark chocolate will not hurt the diet…
Researchers have found that nonalkalized cocoa powder and dark chocolate are rich in Flavan-3-ol antioxidants. Moreover, chocolates are rich in minerals like potassium, magnesium, zinc and manganese along with B vitamins niacin and riboflavin. And, the bevy of health benefits like increased cognition, better blood sugar, increased HDL, and lower blood pressure makes dark chocolate good for health as well.
It is worth mentioning here that the consumption of quality dark chocolates and nonalkalized cocoa will contribute towards a healthy lifestyle, however, moderation is key to success when it comes to food indulgences and diet.
Community: But chocolate usually goes with sugar, and it’s best to avoid too much sugar. What I do is add a teaspoon of powdered dark chocolate to my first morning coffee. It’s absolutely delicious, and I don’t get any more sugar than I would have otherwise.
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Americans should eat less meat, but they’re eating more and more

(Vox) For most of the past decade, meat consumption in the United States was falling. In 2014, Americans ate 18 percent less beef, 10 percent less pork, and 1.4 percent less chicken than they did in 2005, according to the US Department of Agriculture.
For environmental, health, and animal welfare advocates, this was great news. Surely it meant that efforts to raise awareness about the disturbing impacts of meat production were inspiring people to cut back on hamburgers and bacon. As Paul Shapiro, vice president of Farm Animal Protection for the Humane Society of the United States, wrote in 2012, "The pressure is being felt all over, and for the first time in decades, our overconsumption of meat is beginning to get reined in."
Now it appears that might have been a bit too optimistic…
According to a recent analysis from Rabobank, a Dutch bank, consumption of meat in the United States rose by 5 percent in 2015 — the biggest increase in 40 years. And, the author notes, in the coming years per-person meat eating is expected to reach highs not seen in more than a decade.
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Can protein plus exercise improve type 2 diabetes?

(Massey University) Exercise has been shown to improve the health of people with type 2 diabetes. But the benefits of exercise vary greatly between people, meaning some benefit more than others. Now, researchers from Massey University's School of Sport and Exercise believe they may have discovered why.
[They] are studying whether a novel keratin-derived protein extract developed in New Zealand, can enhance the benefits of exercise in people with type 2 diabetes…
Preliminary results from the study have been shown to Dr Nick Oscroft from Newtown Medical Centre in Wellington. He says patients have shown meaningful improvements in the control of their diabetes, as well as other measures of general health. "Speaking with those who have completed the study period, many have come out with a renewed sense of control over their long term condition and knowledge of how their body responds to exercise."
Four of the eight participants who have now completed the study no longer qualify to be considered type 2 diabetic, as their sugar level has dropped below 50.
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Greater intake of dietary omega-3 fatty acids associated with lower risk of diabetic retinopathy

(The JAMA Network Journals) In middle-aged and older individuals with type 2 diabetes, intake of at least 500 mg/d of dietary long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, easily achievable with 2 weekly servings of oily fish, was associated with a decreased risk of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy, according to a study…
The PREDIMED study provides food for thought for those who wish to fight the complications of diabetes by clever eating, writes Michael Larsen, M.D., D.M.Sc., of Rigshospitalet-Glostrup and University of Copenhagen, Glostrup, Denmark, in an accompanying commentary.
"It seems a safe bet now to spread one's food intake to include the gifts of our oceans and forests, while we consider how they can be protected for future generations and wait for large and ambitious studies of the effects of diet on diabetic retinopathy. The success of such studies in age-related macular degeneration shows that solid scientific information is worth waiting and working for."
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Sugar Addiction: Discovery of a Brain Sugar Switch

(Technical University of Munich) Researchers at Technical University of Munich discovered that our brain actively takes sugar from the blood. Prior to this, researchers around the world had assumed that this was a purely passive process. An international team led by diabetes expert Matthias Tschöp reported … that transportation of sugar into the brain is regulated by so-called glia cells that react to hormones such as insulin or leptin; previously it was thought that this was only possible for neurons…
According to the scientists, numerous new studies will now be necessary to adjust the old model of purely neural control of food intake and metabolism with a concept where astrocytes and possibly even immune cells in the brain also play a crucial role. Once there is a better understanding of the interaction between these various cells, the idea is to find ways and substances that modulate pathways on multiple cell types to curb sugar addiction and ultimately provide better treatment to the growing number of obese and diabetic individuals. "We have a lot of work ahead of us," states [Dr. Cristina] García-Cáceres, "but at least now we have a better idea where to look."
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Calcium Supplements Linked to Dementia Risk in Women With Certain Health Conditions

(American Academy of Neurology) According to a new study, calcium supplements may be associated with an increased risk of dementia in older women who have had a stroke or other signs of cerebrovascular disease…
The study found that the women who were treated with calcium supplements were twice as likely to develop dementia than women who did not take supplements. But when the researchers further analyzed the data, they found that the increased risk was only among women with cerebrovascular disease. Women with a history of stroke who took supplements had a nearly seven times increased risk of developing dementia than women with a history of stroke who did not take calcium supplements. Women with white matter lesions who took supplements were three times as likely to develop dementia as women who had white matter lesions and did not take supplements. Women without a history of stroke or women without white matter lesions had no increased risk when taking calcium supplements.
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Lab Team Spins Ginger Into Nanoparticles to Heal Inflammatory Bowel Disease

(Veterans Affairs Research Communications) A recent study by researchers at the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center took them to a not-so-likely destination: local farmers markets. They went in search of fresh ginger root.
Back at the lab, the scientists turned the ginger into what they are calling GDNPs, or ginger-derived nanoparticles…
Fed to lab mice, the particles appeared to be nontoxic and had significant therapeutic effects:
·         Importantly, they efficiently targeted the colon. They were absorbed mainly by cells in the lining of the intestines, where IBD inflammation occurs.
·         The particles reduced acute colitis and prevented chronic colitis and colitis-associated cancer.
·         They enhanced intestinal repair. Specifically, they boosted the survival and proliferation of the cells that make up the lining of the colon. They also lowered the production of proteins that promote inflammation, and raised the levels of proteins that fight inflammation.
Part of the therapeutic effect, say the researchers, comes from the high levels of lipids -- fatty molecules -- in the particles, a result of the natural lipids in the ginger plant. One of the lipids is phosphatidic acid, an important building block of cell membranes.
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Trump's claim that Clinton lacks the 'physical stamina' to be president (FOUR PINOCCHIOS)

(Fact Checker, Washington Post) Two days in a row, in prepared speeches, Trump asserted that that his rival Clinton lacks “mental and physical stamina” to do the job as president.
That’s surely no accident, but a campaign official did not respond to a query about why the GOP presidential nominee was making this claim. We assume Trump’s rhetoric is related to a not-so-quiet campaign among right-leaning news entities to highlight “concerns” about Clinton’s health, often shared on social media with #HillarysHealth…
Trump has claimed twice, without proof, that Clinton lacks the physical and mental stamina to be president. In the absence of any evidence, he earns Four Pinocchios.
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Clinton campaign goes nuclear on health rumors

(Politico) [C]hief Clinton strategist Joel Benenson mocked Trump’s obsession with his opponent’s energy and health, telling MSNBC’s Andrea Mitchell that it "must be driving his ego crazy that she's outworking him, out-thinking him, connecting better with the American voters about the issues that matter in their life."
Benenson also issued a call for Trump to release more information than the note the campaign released from his physician, not an internist but a gastroenterologist, last December. In that statement, Harold Bornstein attested that Trump’s test results were “astonishingly excellent” and that the candidate “will be the healthiest individual ever elected to the presidency.”
"I mean, what a ludicrous thing for a physician to say. He hasn't examined a single other person other than Donald Trump who's running for president. It's bogus and ludicrous," Benenson continued, calling on Trump to release his tax returns as well.
The allegations are “ludicrous,” “ridiculous” and “trumped-up,” Benenson went on to say, indicators of a “desperate candidate who since his convention has had his net favorable rating decline by 15 points. The man is 32 points underwater.”
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Dr. Drew Leads the Hillary Clinton Health Truthers

(Daily Beast) The celebrity doctor’s comments breathed new life into the already-rampant Clinton health conspiracy theories, giving the Fox & Friends crew an excuse to talk about them on Thursday morning…
It took Newt Gingrich, of all people, to shut the speculation down on Fox & Friends, as TPM noted.
“With all due respect to television doctors, when you have a doctor who has never seen the patient, [begin] to give you a complicated, fancy-sounding analysis based on what?” the former Speaker of the House said. “I mean, I would be very cautious and I would recommend to doctors for professional reasons to be very cautious before you start analyzing people.”…
The only record that was available for Pinsky and his Biggest Loser colleague to review is a page-and-a-half letter from Dr. Lisa Bardack, Clinton’s physician at Mount Kisco Medical Group. That letter concludes that the former Secretary of State is “a healthy female with hypothyroidism and seasonal allergies, on long-term anticoagulation.”
Indeed, all of Pinsky’s “grave” concerns are already addressed in the record that he claims to have “dispassionately” evaluated.
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'BernieCare' can save ObamaCare

(Brent Budowsky, The Hill) The decision by Aetna to withdraw from many ObamaCare exchanges was a predictable outrage that opens to the door not to the demise of ObamaCare, but the dramatic improvement of ObamaCare led by a grand battle by Sen. Bernie Sanders (Vt.) and progressives to enact the public option and move toward a Medicare-for-all healthcare system.
Let's coin the phrase "BernieCare" to describe the kind of healthcare system that progressives believe, with some reason, would be the kind of program that voters prefer. Sanders has long been a champion of single-payer healthcare — which I personally support — but for obvious political reasons in a lobbyist-dominated Washington, single payer is highly unlikely to happen soon.
Sanders, who is more of a highly skilled political and legislative tactician than pundits understand, has responded to the Aetna withdrawal from many healthcare exchanges by publicly announcing he will wage an all-out campaign to enact the public option.
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Diet, Exercise Can Reduce Alzheimer's Proteins

(University of California - Los Angeles) A study has found that a healthy diet, regular physical activity and a normal body mass index can reduce the incidence of protein build-ups that are associated with the onset of Alzheimer's disease…
The study found that each one of several lifestyle factors -- a healthy body mass index, physical activity and a Mediterranean diet -- were linked to lower levels of plaques and tangles on the brain scans. (The Mediterranean diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, cereals and fish and low in meat and dairy, and characterized by a high ratio of monounsaturated to saturated fats, and mild to moderate alcohol consumption.)
"The fact that we could detect this influence of lifestyle at a molecular level before the beginning of serious memory problems surprised us," said Dr. David Merrill, the lead author of the study…
Earlier studies have linked a healthy lifestyle to delays in the onset of Alzheimer's. However, the new study is the first to demonstrate how lifestyle factors directly influence abnormal proteins in people with subtle memory loss who have not yet been diagnosed with dementia, Merrill said. Healthy lifestyle factors also have been shown to be related to reduced shrinking of the brain and lower rates of atrophy in people with Alzheimer's.
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How To Get The Cognitive Benefits Of A Mediterranean Diet

(SELF) Here’s one more reason to consider following a Mediterranean diet: New research has found that the eating plan can slow cognitive decline and even prevent the development of Alzheimer’s disease…
“The Mediterranean diet is, hands down, one of the world’s healthiest ways of eating,” Karen Ansel, R.D.N., author of Healthy in a Hurry: Simple, Wholesome Recipes for Every Meal of the Day, tells SELF.
Registered dietitian nutritionist Beth Warren, founder of Beth Warren Nutrition and author of Living a Real Life With Real Food, agrees, telling SELF that the diet’s benefits come from its whole foods and rotation of various food groups.
According to Ansel, the biggest perks of the diet are that it’s filled with fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, beans, olive oil, and fish, which all deliver nutrients like B vitamins, antioxidants, and omega-3 fats that are proven to benefit our hearts and our brains. It’s also rich in fiber which helps lower cholesterol and regulate blood sugar.
“The power of this way of eating isn’t just about the foods it includes. It’s is also in the foods it limits,,” Ansel says. “Namely, saturated fat-heavy red meat and highly processed foods that are packed with added sugars, which have both been linked to the development of chronic diseases like heart disease and type 2 diabetes. “
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Menstruation Pain Pill for Alzheimer's Disease?

(University of Manchester) A research project has shown that an experimental model of Alzheimer's disease can be successfully treated with a commonly used anti-inflammatory drug.
A team led by Dr David Brough from The University of Manchester found that the anti-inflammatory drug completely reversed memory loss and brain inflammation in mice.
Nearly everybody will at some point in their lives take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; mefenamic acid, a common Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drug (NSAID), is routinely used for period pain…
The research, funded by the Medical Research Council and the Alzheimer's Society, paves the way for human trials which the team hope to conduct in the future.
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Vitamin D Levels Predict Risk of Brain Decline in Chinese Elderly

(Duke-NUS Medical School) Research conducted by Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS) and Duke University has associated low vitamin D levels with increased subsequent risk of cognitive decline and impairment in the Chinese elderly.
Produced primarily in the skin upon exposure to sunlight, Vitamin D is necessary for maintaining healthy bones and muscles. It is now believed to also play a significant role in maintaining healthy brain function. An increased risk of cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases has been observed in those with low vitamin D levels, and studies from Europe and North America have linked low vitamin D levels with future cognitive decline.
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Obesity May Age Your Brain

(WebMD) Being overweight or obese in middle age shrinks your brain, aging it by as much as 10 years, according to a new study.
People who are overweight or obese during middle age have brains with much less white matter than people of the same age at a healthy weight, says study researcher Lisa Ronan, PhD, at the University of Cambridge in the U.K…
''The white matter of the brain is thought to be the first to go with dementia," says Mike Henne, PhD, a spokesman for the American Federation for Aging Research. Loss of white matter is generally associated with “foggy-mindedness," he says.
White matter declines with age, usually beginning in the late 30s, so holding on to as much as you can is desirable.
"If you lose white matter, the [brain's] neurons are not as capable of communicating with each other," says Henne, assistant professor of cell biology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.
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These Kinds of Jobs Help Protect You from Alzheimer's Disease

(Fortune) Diets matter — but so does the work you do.
It’s well known by now that sitting at a desk all day is dangerous to your health. Now it turns out that what you’re doing while you’re parked there matters, too. With about half a million new cases of Alzheimer’s disease occurring each year in the U.S. alone, and no cure in sight, researchers are racing to figure out what causes the condition — and which kinds of behavior can prevent it. A known risk factor is the so-called “Western” diet, including processed meats, potatoes, white bread, and sweets.
But if you love that stuff, here’s some good news: Both higher education and a mentally stimulating job might help you avoid Alzheimer’s even if you can’t resist bacon, hot dogs, or candy.
A study presented at the Alzheimer’s Association’s most recent international conference by Matthew Parrott, a researcher at Baycrest Health Sciences in Toronto, found that “socially and intellectually complex occupations” largely offset the ill effects of eating too much junk. Some of the jobs found to help preserve healthy brain function: Manager, teacher, lawyer, social worker, engineer, physicist, physician, dentist, and pharmacist.
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Medicaid rule will improve lives for those with Alzheimer's

(Des Moines Register) The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services have proposed a new rule that would reimburse health care providers for cognitive and functional assessment and care planning for patients with Alzheimer’s disease and other cognitive impairments.
In short, this new rule means that Medicaid will incentivize health care providers for diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease earlier and recommending community-based services and support. Most importantly, the proposed rule allows the person receiving the diagnosis to access community resources, plan for his or her future and ultimately maintain independence by staying in home longer…
The proposed rule is open for public comment until Sept. 6, after which CMS will make any necessary revisions and release the final version for 2017 implementation.
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Clinton's 'Medicare for more' approach is sound idea

(Froma Harrop) Clinton proposes a “buy in” option to Medicare for Americans 55 to 65. One must currently be 65 or older to automatically qualify for Medicare. Clinton would pay for this Medicare expansion through a higher investment surtax for upper-income people.
Lowering the Medicare age is a fine idea on several counts. Medicare has been good at controlling the cost of health care, and the beneficiaries love it. Since older people tend to use more health care than younger groups, moving them into Medicare takes some pressure off the insurers in Obamacare. At the same time, bringing younger old people into Medicare strengthens the Medicare risk pool.
Bernie Sanders promoted “Medicare for All” in his presidential run, and the idea is solid. Clinton’s gradual approach, “Medicare for More,” with better-planned funding, tops it for political palatability.
Assessing Donald Trump’s health care plan takes no time at all. Trump says he’d repeal Obamacare and replace it with “something terrific.”
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Emergency Financial Aid from Call Centers Effectively Prevents Homelessness

(University of Notre Dame) Homelessness in the United States is a persistent and complex problem. Each year more than 2.3 million people experience homelessness, 7.4 million people live "doubled up" with friends or family for economic reasons, and many more are on the brink of homelessness. In addition to the negative mental, developmental and health problems that arise among homeless adults and children, the issue costs a community more than $5,000 for each person who enters a shelter…
[Researchers led a study of the Homelessness Prevention Call Center (HPCC) in Chicago. Run by Catholic Charities Chicago, HPCC is one of the largest in the nation, taking on average 70,000 calls per year. Sullivan and Evans' group found that these hotlines have a considerable effect on people facing homelessness, and that emergency financial assistance successfully prevents homelessness -- if funding is available.
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Seniors at risk from heat

(Greenwich Time) [H]ospitals, doctors, health care agencies and the Centers for Disease Control are reminding seniors that the continued heat and humidity can have a long-term effect on health.
Seniors are more prone to heat stroke and heat-related stress because their bodies can’t adjust as easily to sudden changes in temperature as they did when they were younger.
In addition, seniors who take certain types of prescription medications can be more susceptible to heat-related illnesses and injuries.
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Does Longer Walking Distance to Buy Cigarettes Increase Quitting Among Smokers?

(The JAMA Network Journals) Walking one-third of a mile longer from home to the nearest tobacco shop to buy cigarettes was associated with increased odds that smokers would quit the habit in an analysis of data in Finnish studies…
Each 500-meter increase in distance (about one-third of a mile) from home to the nearest tobacco shop was associated with a 20 percent to 60 percent increase in the odds of quitting. Increased distance was not associated with lower odds of relapse by former smokers…
"We found robust evidence suggesting that among Finnish adults who smoked, increase in the distance from home to a tobacco outlet increased the odds of quitting smoking," the study concludes.
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Virtual World Improves Communication Following Stroke, Says Study

(City University) A virtual reality world called EVA Park can improve the communication of those who have impaired speech and language following a stroke, according to research by academics at City University London….
Professor Jane Marshall, a researcher in the Divisional of Language and Communication Science at City and lead author of the study, said, "Our results show how technology can benefit people with speech and language disorders such as aphasia. Virtual reality may help to reduce feelings of embarrassment that can accompany real world communication failure, so encourage the practice of difficult communication exchanges.
"We designed EVA Park to offer a playful and immerse experience. We found that delivering speech and language therapy within the world can have really positive results and we've shown specifically that supported conversation within EVA can improve the everyday communication of people with aphasia. We are convinced that Eva Park can make a significant impact on the lives of people with aphasia."
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The Fourth State of Matter, Plasma: A Technology to Improve Bone Healing?

(Thomas Jefferson University) Cold plasma looks like the glow from the "Star Wars" blue light saber but this beam of energy, made of electrons that change polarity at micro-second or nanosecond speeds, could help bones heal faster, according to a study…
"We've previously studied how different applications of cold plasma can either directly kill cells, such as in skin cancer, or help them grow, as in developing bones. In this study, we asked how cold plasma would affect the area surrounding cells, known as the extracellular matrix," says lead author Theresa Freeman, Ph.D…
"We showed that matrix treated with cold plasma generated using microsecond pulsing can promote differentiation of cells into cartilage and increase bone formation," says Dr. Freeman. "Conversely, we showed matrix treated with nanosecond-pulsed cold plasma inhibited cell differentiation and bone formation."
The study demonstrates that cold plasma may be "tuned" to either promote or inhibit cell/matrix interactions by chemically altering the matrix.
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