A community for people who want to remain as healthy as possible as we age.

Moderate Physical Activity Linked With 50 Percent Reduction in Cardiovascular Death in Over-65s

(European Society of Cardiology) Moderate physical activity is associated with a greater than 50% reduction in cardiovascular death in over-65s, according to research… The 12 year study in nearly 2500 adults aged 65 to 74 years found that moderate physical activity reduced the risk of an acute cardiovascular event by more than 30%. High levels of physical activity led to greater risk reductions…
Professor [Riitta] Antikainen said: "Our study provides further evidence that older adults who are physically active have a lower risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and death from cardiovascular disease. The protective effect of leisure time physical activity is dose dependent -- in other words, the more you do, the better. Activity is protective even if you have other risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as high cholesterol."
She concluded: "Physical exercise may become more challenging with ageing. However, it is important for older people to still get enough safe physical activity to stay healthy after their transition to retirement."
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Sitting too much may raise heart disease risk

(American Heart Association) The old adage “move it or lose it” doesn’t only apply to couch potatoes. Even people who exercise regularly could be at increased risk for heart disease and stroke if they spend lots of time sitting, according to a science advisory from the American Heart Association.
“We spend a lot more time sitting behind computers than we used to. Movement is being engineered out of our lives, and the best advice is that we need to sit less and move more,” said Deborah Rohm Young, Ph.D., chair of the panel that wrote the new advisory…
The statement said evidence suggests too much sedentary time increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and death. Sedentary time is rising, with U.S. adults now spending an estimated six to eight hours a day engaged in sedentary behavior, which includes sitting, driving, reading, TV viewing, screen time and computer use, according to the advisory.
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Half an hour of gardening 'can cut the risk of a heart attack'

(The Telegraph) Pensioners who spend just half an hour a day gardening, fishing or walking can reduce their risk of a fatal heart attack by more than half, a major study has found.
The study into 2,456 men and women, aged between 65 and 74, found that those with an active retirement had far lower death rates.
Until now, much of the evidence about the benefits of exercise in protecting the heart has come from studies into those who are young or middle-aged.
But the new study, presented yesterday at the world's largest cardiac conference, suggested dramatic changes could be achieved later in life.
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Activity Tracker Uses Heart Rate to Personalize Amount of Exercise Needed to Prevent Early Death

(European Society of Cardiology) A novel activity tracker has been developed that uses heart rate data to personalise the amount of exercise needed to reduce the risk of death from cardiovascular disease…
"People may be insufficiently active because they do not have personalised, meaningful information about how much physical activity they require, and at what intensity," said Dr [Javaid] Nauman…
The current study describes the science behind Personal Activity Intelligence (PAI), the first activity tracking score that uses heart rate to help people achieve optimal health.
PAI translates heart rate data from any physical activity (i.e. walking, swimming, dancing, cycling) and personal information (age, gender, resting and maximum heart rate) into one simple score. "The goal is to keep your PAI score above 100 over a seven-day rolling window to protect yourself from premature death related to heart disease," said Dr Nauman.
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Need to remember something? Exercise four hours later!

(Cell Press) A new study suggests an intriguing strategy to boost memory for what you've just learned: hit the gym four hours later. The findings … show that physical exercise after learning improves memory and memory traces, but only if the exercise is done in a specific time window and not immediately after learning…
The researchers found that those who exercised four hours after their learning session retained the information better two days later than those who exercised either immediately or not at all. The brain images also showed that exercise after a time delay was associated with more precise representations in the hippocampus, an area important to learning and memory, when an individual answered a question correctly.
"Our results suggest that appropriately timed physical exercise can improve long-term memory and highlight the potential of exercise as an intervention in educational and clinical settings," the researchers conclude.
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Exercising After Mentally Demanding Tasks Could Help Prevent Overeating, Study Finds

(University of Alabama at Birmingham) A study by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham suggests exercise may be the key to curbing your appetite after a long day at the office.
In a paper…, researchers found that people who exercised after doing mental work ate fewer calories compared to those who did mental work and remained sedentary…
Those who took [an] exam and then rested for 15 minutes ate an average of 100 calories more than when they simply relaxed without performing mental work, which reinforces previous studies that suggest working our brains does expend energy and causes feelings of hunger. Participants who exercised after the exam ate 25 calories less than when they simply relaxed for 35 minutes and then ate.
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Zika Funding Delay in Congress Puts Americans at Risk, Obama Says

(NBC News) President Barack Obama urged Congress to make Zika funding its first priority after members return from a seven-week summer break, saying the delay is putting Americans at risk.
"[E]very day that Republican leaders in Congress wait to do their job, every day our experts have to wait to get the resources they need. That has real-life consequences," Obama said in his weekly radio address. "Weaker mosquito-control efforts. Longer wait times to get accurate diagnostic results. Delayed vaccines. It puts more Americans at risk."
Zika virus has caused two outbreaks in Florida and infected 42 people bitten by local mosquitoes. It's been brought to the continental U.S. by more than 2,000 people — probably many more than that — and infected more than 580 pregnant women in U.S. states.
It's caused a full epidemic in Puerto Rico, killed at least two people there and threatens Gulf states where its carrier, the Aedes mosquito, thrives.
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All Donated Blood in US Will Be Tested for Zika

(New York Times) The Food and Drug Administration on Friday took steps to safeguard the nation’s blood supply from the Zika virus, calling for all blood banks to screen donations for the infection even in states where the virus is not circulating.
The recommendations are an acknowledgment that sexual transmission may facilitate the spread of Zika even in areas where mosquitoes carrying the virus are not present. Officials also want to prepare for the possibility that clusters of local infection will continue to pop up in parts of the United States for years to come.
“There could be multiple outbreaks of Zika happening outside the known current ones in South Florida, but because we are not actively looking they could be happening silently,” said Dr. Peter J. Hotez, the dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine, who applauded the F.D.A.’s move.
Without federal funds, it is generally not possible for local health departments to conduct active surveillance for Zika virus in the blood or urine of patients with fever or rash, he added.
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EpiPen Users Have Few Options for Generic or Alternate Drugs

(ABC News) The rising cost of EpiPens has led many to wonder whether there are cheaper options available on the market.
The drug epinephrine has been around for decades, but the EpiPen, which is made by Mylan, has become the go-to epinephrine auto injector for many people in the U.S. There are multiple reasons why the EpiPen has become so popular, including diminishing competition and the fact that pharmacists in many states cannot automatically substitute a generic alternative…
“The Adrenaclick is at a lower cost than the EpiPen," Mark Donohue, vice president of investor relations and corporate communications at Impax, told ABC News. “Some pharmacies stock it, and if they do not, they should be able to order it in a day or two."
He did, however, acknowledge that the company does not have the ability to manufacture large quantities of the drug.
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Deaths from Fentanyl, Drug That Killed Prince, Rise Sharply

(Live Science) Overdose deaths from the opioid painkiller fentanyl — the same drug that killed singer-songwriter Prince in April — have increased sharply in a number of U.S. states, according to a new report…
During that same time, the number of drug products that tested positive for fentanyl after being seized by law enforcement officers increased by more than 10 times in the eight states, rising from 293 to 3,340. These products mainly include illegally manufactured fentanyl products that can be mixed with heroin.
The findings suggest that illegally manufactured fentanyl is driving the increase in fentanyl-related deaths, the report said.
"An urgent, collaborative public health and law enforcement response is needed to address the increasing problem of IMF and fentanyl deaths," the researchers said. 
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Surgeon general takes unprecedented step amid opioid epidemic

(CBS News) Opioids cause more than 1,000 emergency room visits and kills 78 people every day.
“I think this is one of our greatest public health threats and it’s one that we have to respond to with speed and with urgency,” U.S. Surgeon General Vivek Murthy told “CBS This Morning” Thursday…
Now, to tackle this health crisis, Dr. Murthy is taking the unprecedented step of mailing letters to the 2.3 million prescribers in America, urging them to to do three things. 
“Number one is to sharpen their prescribing practices, to make sure that we are treating pain safely and effectively. Number two, it’s to connect people to treatment who need it, and right now we have a major treatment gap in this country that we have to close,” Murthy said.  “But the third is we’re asking clinicians to help us change how our country thinks about addiction.”
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Physician advice to patients on e-cigarettes varies, reveals knowledge gaps, study shows

(Science Codex) If you ask two different doctors about e-cigarettes, you might get two different answers.
Whether you want to know about the safety of the devices -- which create an inhalable aerosol from heated liquid nicotine and flavoring -- or how to use them to quit smoking tobacco cigarettes, physicians range greatly in their responses to patients.
That's one finding from a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine who analyzed more than 500 online interactions between patients and doctors discussing e-cigarettes…
The new observations have already helped inform the development of an educational portal, by [study senior author Judith Prochaska, PhD, MPH,] and colleagues, which aims to teach doctors what's known about the health effects of e-cigarettes and how to communicate the benefits and risks of the devices to patients. Available online through the Stanford Center for Continuing Medical Education, the interactive program provides clinicians with continuing medical education credits.
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Teaching Medical Teamwork Right From The Start

(Shots, NPR) There's a new building going up on the campus of the Cleveland Clinic…
[It] is part of the new Case Western Reserve University Heath Education campus. The joint project with the Cleveland Clinic will eventually house the Case Western Reserve University's medical, dental and nursing schools, as well as the Cleveland Clinic's in-house medical school…
Collaboration is the ultimate goal, those involved in the project say. Health care in the 21st century is increasingly being provided by teams, yet most health care professionals don't encounter their "teammates" until they are well along in their training…
Getting everyone on the same page … is critical to preventing medical mistakes, says Dr. Patricia Thomas, an internist and vice dean overseeing medical education at the Case Western Reserve medical school.
In studying the problem, she says, "the root of many of our errors had to do with the fact that our professions were not working effectively together for patient care.
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Diabetes Prevention Programs Improve Health Profiles

(Emory Health Sciences) A new study ... shows that lifestyle modification programs modeled on diabetes prevention programs (DPP) trials not only achieved weight reduction, but also additional metabolic benefits -specifically, reductions in blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. The researchers compiled data from 44 published studies with nearly 9,000 adults participating in DPP conducted in US communities, clinics, and through online media…
·         "on average, participants in the 44 included studies were similar to participants in the original DPP trial, and achieved less weight loss (3.8 vs. 6.8kg), but similar improvements in glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol reductions; and
·         "programs with a maintenance component (keeping contact with participants even after the core program sessions are complete) were associated with larger benefits."…
The authors conclude: "According to our findings, there is no difference in outcomes based on who or where DPP programs are delivered, and improvement in other cardio-metabolic factors suggests the program may be especially cost-effective. These types of interventions can yield great results for diabetes prevention if distributed nationally."
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Flu vaccine may reduce risk of death for type 2 diabetes patients

(Imperial College London) The flu vaccine may reduce the likelihood of being hospitalised with stroke and heart failure in people with type 2 diabetes, according to new research…
The scientists found that, compared to patients who had not been vaccinated, those who received the jab had a 30 per cent reduction in hospital admissions for stroke, 22 per cent reduction in heart failure admissions and 15 per cent reduction in admissions for pneumonia or influenza.
Furthermore, people who were vaccinated had a 24 per cent lower death rate than patients who were not vaccinated.
The team also found a 19 per cent reduction in hospital admissions for heart attack among vaccinated type 2 diabetes patients during the flu season, however this finding was not statistically significant.
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Greater intake of dietary omega-3 fatty acids associated with lower risk of diabetic retinopathy

 (The JAMA Network Journals) In middle-aged and older individuals with type 2 diabetes, intake of at least 500 mg/d of dietary long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, easily achievable with 2 weekly servings of oily fish, was associated with a decreased risk of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy [(DR)], according to a study…
Aleix Sala-Vila, D.Pharm., Ph.D., of the Lipid Clinic, Barcelona, and colleagues conducted a prospective study within the randomized clinical trial Prevencion con Dieta Mediterranea (PREDIMED), testing Mediterranean diets supplemented with extra virgin olive oil or nuts vs a control diet for primary cardiovascular prevention…
After adjusting for age, sex, intervention group, and lifestyle and clinical variables, participants meeting the LCω3PUFA recommendation at baseline (500 mg/d or greater) compared with those not fulfilling this recommendation (less than 500 mg/d) showed a 48 percent relatively reduced risk of incident sight-threatening DR.
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Meet the brothers who reversed their father's diabetes

(The Telegraph) By 2013 complications had set in: [Geoff Whitington] contracted Charcot Foot – a progressive and gory destruction of the joint – which, in addition to diabetes-related ulcers on his other foot, meant a grave risk of amputation.
He fell into near-depression, withdrawing from visiting his sons and grandchildren. Consigned to an early death from diabetes, he even took to writing a will…
[Son] Anthony, a freelance filmmaker, and [son] Ian…, a cameraman, hatched a plan to help their father. The pair also decided to make a documentary, Fixing Dad, to chart Geoff’s progress…
The brothers researched the disease - which affects more than 3.6 million people in the UK - drew up a three-pronged attack on Geoff’s fitness, nutritional and mental hurdles, and set a daunting target: that the three of them would complete a the 100-mile Prudential RideLondon-Surrey cycling event in July 2014…
The journey wasn’t always easy – various explosive arguments are captured at points where the pressure felt too much – but just nine months after he began the programme, Geoff completed the 100-mile ride through London.
Then, in February last year came the news they’d always wished for. The diabetes had been successfully 'resolved’. Geoff was fixed.
Community: Here’s another example: “Reversing diabetes requires lifestyle change.” Bear in mind that the same lifestyle elements that can reverse diabetes can prevent you from getting it in the first place.
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Longer survival likely to be reason for increased numbers with diabetes, rather than increased incidence

(Diabetologia) Overall incidence of type 2 diabetes has stabilised over recent years, according to a new study… , whilst mortality has declined, suggesting that increasing prevalence of the disease within the population may be attributed not to increasing numbers but to longer survival of patients with diabetes. The findings were not equal across the population, however: significant differences are noted based on gender, age, and socioeconomic status…
The authors conclude: "Despite improved mortality rates, type 2 diabetes confers an excess risk of death compared with the non-diabetic population...there is still scope to address the increased mortality associated with diabetes."
They add: "Major inequalities by age, sex and socioeconomic status in type 2 diabetes incidence and mortality indicate that effective approaches to treatment and control will need to address existing inequalities."
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Fluoride consumption linked to diabetes using mathematical models

(Case Western Reserve University) Water fluoridation prevents dental cavities, which are a costly public health concern. But despite the benefits supplemental water fluoridation remains a controversial subject. Some indicate it may cause long term health problems, but studies reporting side effects have been minimal or inconclusive. The long-term effects of ingested fluoride remain unclear.
A recent study … examined links between water fluoridation and diabetes…
Kyle Fluegge, PhD, … used mathematical models to analyze publicly available data on fluoride water levels and diabetes incidence and prevalence rates across 22 states. He also included adjustments for obesity and physical inactivity collected from national telephone surveys to help rule out confounding factors. Two sets of regression analyses suggested that supplemental water fluoridation was significantly associated with increases in diabetes between 2005 and 2010.
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Can Statins Cause Diabetes?

(Well, New York Times) All medications have side effects, and numerous studies have shown that cholesterol-lowering statin drugs are linked to a small increase in the risk of Type 2 diabetes, even as they reduce the risk of heart attacks.
The higher the dose of a statin, the greater the diabetes risk, said Dr. Eric Topol, director of the Scripps Translational Science Institute and chief academic officer at Scripps Health. But many heart doctors, including Dr. Mary Norine Walsh, president-elect of the American College of Cardiology, say concern about diabetes should not deter patients from taking statins “if you fall into the higher risk category” for heart disease.
On the other hand, someone who has never had heart disease and who has high cholesterol but no other risk factors is less likely to derive benefit from a statin drug while still facing the risk of diabetes, Dr. Topol said, adding, “There you have a very tight benefit-to-risk ratio.”
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A Dietary Approach to Managing Type 2 Diabetes

(Diabetes In Control) Various studies suggest the use of a Mediterranean diet in patients with diabetes…
A meta-analysis done by [Efi] Koloverou and colleagues found that there is a 23% reduction in the risk of developing diabetes, regardless of world region and patient’s health status. In the PRE-DIMED trial, patients on a Mediterranean diet had a 40% reduction in the risk of developing diabetes. Additionally, when obtaining glycemic control in patients with diabetes, it was found that a Mediterranean diet with low carbohydrate content had a higher rate of remission in patients with diabetes, when compared to low-fat content.
Recently, [Flavie] Letois and colleagues studied the effects of a Mediterranean diet on mortality in the elderly population…
The association between the 10-year mortality risk and dietary patterns showed better survival in those individuals who consumed at least 1 fruit and 1 vegetable per day … or at least 4 servings per week…, consumed fish at least 2 servings per week… It was also found that meat consumption in servings greater than 1 per day had a negative effect on survival… Finally, the use of olive oil was found to be inversely correlated with mortality risk only in women…
These findings highlight the potential benefits of a Mediterranean diet in the elderly (>65 y/o)…
More studies should be done to focus on the association between survival, diet, and healthy behaviors in patients with diabetes to get more evidence for the use of this diet.
Community: Again, if the Mediterranean diet can cause remission of diabetes, it could prevent contracting it in the first place.
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Involving Patient's Partner May Improve Diabetes Control

(Medscape) For adults with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, a behavioral telephone intervention that includes their spouse or other committed partner may make a difference, new research shows…
"It is likely to be beneficial in several ways to involve partners who are willing… Both partners need to agree, and the intervention should be aimed at helping them see how diabetes affects each of them and their relationship," [Paula M Trief, PhD] told Medscape Medical News.
The idea, she said, is "to strive toward opening up communication about how they can help each other, not for the partner to be a watchdog but to be a supportive coach."
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To Fight Off Diabetes, Latina Women Find Power In A Group

(Shots, NPR) Beatrice Sanchez and Mariana Arias drive around their city, Winston-Salem, N.C., in search of a very specific population of residents: Latinos with prediabetes.
The two women, both bilingual and Hispanic, are recruiting participants for a Type 2 diabetes prevention study called "La Comunidad," a lower-cost local version of the landmark Diabetes Prevention Program trial that staved off diabetes through changes in diet and physical activity in about 50 percent of study participants.
The results of that study suggested it was possible to fight a disease that affects about 29 million Americans without drugs and their side effects. It was more effective than using a common diabetes drug called metformin, which cut that number by just 30 percent…
The ultimate goal of studies like La Comunidad, Vitolins says, is to determine whether group-based techniques are helpful from both a health and medical reimbursement perspective. In March, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announced that Medicare would cover preventive programs that meet the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) requirements, such as data reporting.
Vitolins agrees that community-level programs must have good data to support their use. "We're testing before we say everyone who's in the Latino population should use this approach," she says. "We want it to be effective."
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Treating diabetes app, software gain international acclaim

(University of Virginia) Like many good ideas, the idea behind Ed Deng's diabetes management app began at home.
The University of Virginia alumnus, who graduated in 2000 and now lives in Taiwan, has watched his parents and grandparents painstakingly navigate the daily challenges that come with Type II diabetes, knowing that he, too, is at risk for the disease. He saw firsthand how important it is for patients to track their illness throughout each day and how cumbersome and inefficient that monitoring process could be…
"I realized that a cloud-based solution, along with a mobile app, could help alleviate that shortage and provide more real-time feedback that patients are lacking."
Deng was well-equipped to create that solution. Growing up in a family of physicians – his father and brother each attended UVA's School of Medicine – he was familiar with the medical industry. His own studies at UVA's McIntire School of Commerce led to a career in Lehman Brothers' Silicon Valley office, where he was involved with several companies developing mobile technology.
In 2013, he used those skills to found H2 Inc. and launch a free Health2Sync mobile app for diabetes management…
"Patients are telling us that the app has really helped them lower and control their blood sugar, understand why their data trends a certain way and decrease incidents," Deng said. "Hearing that has just been awesome."
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Stair climbing after meals improves blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes, study reports

(Diabetes.co.uk) Older adults with type 2 diabetes who perform three minutes of stair climbing at one and two hours after a meal have lower post-meal blood sugar levels, according to new research…
Each stair exercise comprised six continuous repetitions of climbing to a second floor at a rate of 80-110 steps/min followed by walking down slowly to the first floor.
In the second session, participants consumed the breakfast as normal but then rested without interruption for the whole 180 minutes…
There were minimal differences in blood sugar levels between the two groups at 60 minutes after the meal, but the exercise group experienced lower blood glucose as the session became longer.
Blood glucose levels at 150 minutes after the meal (30 minutes after the second stair exercise), in particular, were significantly lower than during the rest session.
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No Significant Difference Found Between Glucose-Lowering Drugs for Risk of Death

(The JAMA Network Journals) Among nearly 120,000 adults with type 2 diabetes, there were no significant differences in the associations between any of 9 available classes of glucose-lowering drugs (alone or in combination) and the risk of cardiovascular or all-cause mortality, according to a study…
The authors note that a central finding in this meta-analysis was that despite more than 300 available clinical trials involving nearly 120,000 adults, there was limited evidence that any glucose-lowering drug stratified by coexisting treatment prolonged life expectancy or prevented cardiovascular disease.
"Metformin was associated with lower or no significant difference in HbAlC levels compared with any other drug classes. All drugs were estimated to be effective when added to metformin. These findings are consistent with American Diabetes Association recommendations for using metformin monotherapy as initial treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes and selection of additional therapies based on patient-specific considerations," the researchers write.
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Insulin price spike leaves diabetes patients in crisis

(Montana Standard) A massive spike in insulin prices is causing a health crisis for millions of diabetes patients who depend on the lifesaving drug, doctors say.
Now, after years of rapid increases having nothing to do with available supply and not matched elsewhere in the world, those in the U.S. insulin supply chain are blaming each other.
Tens of thousands of medical professionals are engaged in an intricate therapeutic ballet performed to protect the health, limbs, and lives of the almost 30 million people in the U.S. suffering from diabetes.
But their efforts have been dramatically complicated by the soaring increase in the cost of insulin. They find themselves balancing the cost of the essential medication and their patients' ability to pay.
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These 14 words are all the nutrition advice you need to eat healthy

(Business Insider) Almost all nutrition experts would give the same basic advice to the average person, and Nestle sums up this advice perfectly in 14 words:
"Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits; balance calories; don't eat too much junk food."
That's all the average person needs to know about diet. There are no deep secrets, no magic pills. If your doctor tells you that you need to start avoiding a food or eating more of something, listen. But otherwise, don't worry about it.
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Lack of Fresh Food Choices Linked to Signs of Early Heart Disease

(American Heart Association) A lack of access to nearby stores selling fresh food may increase residents' risk of developing the signs of early heart disease, according to new research…
After researchers excluded other features in these communities, including recreational centers, the data suggested that decreased access to heart-healthy food stores is the common thread in more rapid progression of coronary atherosclerosis in middle-aged and older individuals.
"We found that healthy food stores within one mile of their home was the only significant factor that reduced or slowed the progression of calcium buildup in coronary arteries," said Ella August, Ph.D., co-lead author who initiated the study and clinical assistant professor of epidemiology at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. "Our results point to a need for greater awareness of the potential health threat posed by the scarcity of healthy grocery options in certain neighborhoods."
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Food gardens offer healthy rewards beyond nutrition

(KSL.com) The perks of gardening go beyond a beautiful yard or community park. This simple activity has a variety of healthy rewards.
Food gardens, in particular, are not only sources of fresh and delicious produce; their harvest includes the possibility of improved eating habits and enjoyable physical activity. In addition, sharing a garden with family, friends or the community can provide social and mental benefits...
For physical activity, light digging, planting, mulching and weeding all count toward the type of moderate-intensity physical activity recommended for health...
In urban areas, community gardens can help increase the availability and intake of fruits and vegetables for individuals by offering affordable and convenient access to fresh produce. In one recent study, adults with a household member who participated in a community garden consumed fruits and vegetables more often than those who did not participate. They were also more likely to consume fruits and vegetables at least five times a day.
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Personalized Nutrition Is Better Than a 'One Size Fits All' Approach in Improving Diets

(Newcastle University) People receiving personalised nutrition advice develop healthier eating habits including consuming less red meat and reducing their salt intake, a study has found.
A website has also been shown to be effective at helping people make important changes to their eating patterns…
The "personalised nutrition" approach is based on the idea that by "individualising" advice and support, each of us can, and will be motivated to, make the dietary changes necessary for our individual needs.
Instead of providing generic advice such as "eat at least five portions of fruits and vegetables daily" or "eat two portions of fish, one of which is oily fish, per week," a personalised nutrition approach uses information to derive specific advice and support relevant for the individual.
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The Healthiest Eaters Are the Most Culturally 'Fit'

(Society for Personality and Social Psychology) A recent study shows that in the U.S. and Japan, people who fit better with their culture have healthier eating habits…
Healthy eating can help reduce one's risk for a number of different diseases down the line, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
"In the U.S., having choice and control and being independent are very important," says [lead author Cynthia] Levine. "Giving people lots of healthy choices or allowing people to feel that they have control over whether they eat healthy options is likely to foster healthier eating."
In Japan where the culture places more emphasis on interdependence and maintaining relationships, a focus on choice and control is less likely to be the key to more healthy eating, write the authors.
"Instead," says Levine, "in Japan, promoting healthy eating is likely to be most effective when it builds on and strengthens social bonds."
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Dark Chocolates Now a Part of Healthy Diet

(Headlines & Global News) When it comes to food indulgence, chocolate or beverages like a cup of hot chocolate rank number one and the rank remains the same when it comes to the list of food that one needs to give up while on a diet. But, it is now being suggested that along with a nutrient-rich diet, as recommended by the U.S. Dietary Guidelines, the consumption of one ounce or less of dark chocolate will not hurt the diet…
Researchers have found that nonalkalized cocoa powder and dark chocolate are rich in Flavan-3-ol antioxidants. Moreover, chocolates are rich in minerals like potassium, magnesium, zinc and manganese along with B vitamins niacin and riboflavin. And, the bevy of health benefits like increased cognition, better blood sugar, increased HDL, and lower blood pressure makes dark chocolate good for health as well.
It is worth mentioning here that the consumption of quality dark chocolates and nonalkalized cocoa will contribute towards a healthy lifestyle, however, moderation is key to success when it comes to food indulgences and diet.
Community: But chocolate usually goes with sugar, and it’s best to avoid too much sugar. What I do is add a teaspoon of powdered dark chocolate to my first morning coffee. It’s absolutely delicious, and I don’t get any more sugar than I would have otherwise.
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Americans should eat less meat, but they’re eating more and more

(Vox) For most of the past decade, meat consumption in the United States was falling. In 2014, Americans ate 18 percent less beef, 10 percent less pork, and 1.4 percent less chicken than they did in 2005, according to the US Department of Agriculture.
For environmental, health, and animal welfare advocates, this was great news. Surely it meant that efforts to raise awareness about the disturbing impacts of meat production were inspiring people to cut back on hamburgers and bacon. As Paul Shapiro, vice president of Farm Animal Protection for the Humane Society of the United States, wrote in 2012, "The pressure is being felt all over, and for the first time in decades, our overconsumption of meat is beginning to get reined in."
Now it appears that might have been a bit too optimistic…
According to a recent analysis from Rabobank, a Dutch bank, consumption of meat in the United States rose by 5 percent in 2015 — the biggest increase in 40 years. And, the author notes, in the coming years per-person meat eating is expected to reach highs not seen in more than a decade.
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Can protein plus exercise improve type 2 diabetes?

(Massey University) Exercise has been shown to improve the health of people with type 2 diabetes. But the benefits of exercise vary greatly between people, meaning some benefit more than others. Now, researchers from Massey University's School of Sport and Exercise believe they may have discovered why.
[They] are studying whether a novel keratin-derived protein extract developed in New Zealand, can enhance the benefits of exercise in people with type 2 diabetes…
Preliminary results from the study have been shown to Dr Nick Oscroft from Newtown Medical Centre in Wellington. He says patients have shown meaningful improvements in the control of their diabetes, as well as other measures of general health. "Speaking with those who have completed the study period, many have come out with a renewed sense of control over their long term condition and knowledge of how their body responds to exercise."
Four of the eight participants who have now completed the study no longer qualify to be considered type 2 diabetic, as their sugar level has dropped below 50.
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Greater intake of dietary omega-3 fatty acids associated with lower risk of diabetic retinopathy

(The JAMA Network Journals) In middle-aged and older individuals with type 2 diabetes, intake of at least 500 mg/d of dietary long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, easily achievable with 2 weekly servings of oily fish, was associated with a decreased risk of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy, according to a study…
The PREDIMED study provides food for thought for those who wish to fight the complications of diabetes by clever eating, writes Michael Larsen, M.D., D.M.Sc., of Rigshospitalet-Glostrup and University of Copenhagen, Glostrup, Denmark, in an accompanying commentary.
"It seems a safe bet now to spread one's food intake to include the gifts of our oceans and forests, while we consider how they can be protected for future generations and wait for large and ambitious studies of the effects of diet on diabetic retinopathy. The success of such studies in age-related macular degeneration shows that solid scientific information is worth waiting and working for."
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Sugar Addiction: Discovery of a Brain Sugar Switch

(Technical University of Munich) Researchers at Technical University of Munich discovered that our brain actively takes sugar from the blood. Prior to this, researchers around the world had assumed that this was a purely passive process. An international team led by diabetes expert Matthias Tschöp reported … that transportation of sugar into the brain is regulated by so-called glia cells that react to hormones such as insulin or leptin; previously it was thought that this was only possible for neurons…
According to the scientists, numerous new studies will now be necessary to adjust the old model of purely neural control of food intake and metabolism with a concept where astrocytes and possibly even immune cells in the brain also play a crucial role. Once there is a better understanding of the interaction between these various cells, the idea is to find ways and substances that modulate pathways on multiple cell types to curb sugar addiction and ultimately provide better treatment to the growing number of obese and diabetic individuals. "We have a lot of work ahead of us," states [Dr. Cristina] García-Cáceres, "but at least now we have a better idea where to look."
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Calcium Supplements Linked to Dementia Risk in Women With Certain Health Conditions

(American Academy of Neurology) According to a new study, calcium supplements may be associated with an increased risk of dementia in older women who have had a stroke or other signs of cerebrovascular disease…
The study found that the women who were treated with calcium supplements were twice as likely to develop dementia than women who did not take supplements. But when the researchers further analyzed the data, they found that the increased risk was only among women with cerebrovascular disease. Women with a history of stroke who took supplements had a nearly seven times increased risk of developing dementia than women with a history of stroke who did not take calcium supplements. Women with white matter lesions who took supplements were three times as likely to develop dementia as women who had white matter lesions and did not take supplements. Women without a history of stroke or women without white matter lesions had no increased risk when taking calcium supplements.
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Lab Team Spins Ginger Into Nanoparticles to Heal Inflammatory Bowel Disease

(Veterans Affairs Research Communications) A recent study by researchers at the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center took them to a not-so-likely destination: local farmers markets. They went in search of fresh ginger root.
Back at the lab, the scientists turned the ginger into what they are calling GDNPs, or ginger-derived nanoparticles…
Fed to lab mice, the particles appeared to be nontoxic and had significant therapeutic effects:
·         Importantly, they efficiently targeted the colon. They were absorbed mainly by cells in the lining of the intestines, where IBD inflammation occurs.
·         The particles reduced acute colitis and prevented chronic colitis and colitis-associated cancer.
·         They enhanced intestinal repair. Specifically, they boosted the survival and proliferation of the cells that make up the lining of the colon. They also lowered the production of proteins that promote inflammation, and raised the levels of proteins that fight inflammation.
Part of the therapeutic effect, say the researchers, comes from the high levels of lipids -- fatty molecules -- in the particles, a result of the natural lipids in the ginger plant. One of the lipids is phosphatidic acid, an important building block of cell membranes.
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Trump's claim that Clinton lacks the 'physical stamina' to be president (FOUR PINOCCHIOS)

(Fact Checker, Washington Post) Two days in a row, in prepared speeches, Trump asserted that that his rival Clinton lacks “mental and physical stamina” to do the job as president.
That’s surely no accident, but a campaign official did not respond to a query about why the GOP presidential nominee was making this claim. We assume Trump’s rhetoric is related to a not-so-quiet campaign among right-leaning news entities to highlight “concerns” about Clinton’s health, often shared on social media with #HillarysHealth…
Trump has claimed twice, without proof, that Clinton lacks the physical and mental stamina to be president. In the absence of any evidence, he earns Four Pinocchios.
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Clinton campaign goes nuclear on health rumors

(Politico) [C]hief Clinton strategist Joel Benenson mocked Trump’s obsession with his opponent’s energy and health, telling MSNBC’s Andrea Mitchell that it "must be driving his ego crazy that she's outworking him, out-thinking him, connecting better with the American voters about the issues that matter in their life."
Benenson also issued a call for Trump to release more information than the note the campaign released from his physician, not an internist but a gastroenterologist, last December. In that statement, Harold Bornstein attested that Trump’s test results were “astonishingly excellent” and that the candidate “will be the healthiest individual ever elected to the presidency.”
"I mean, what a ludicrous thing for a physician to say. He hasn't examined a single other person other than Donald Trump who's running for president. It's bogus and ludicrous," Benenson continued, calling on Trump to release his tax returns as well.
The allegations are “ludicrous,” “ridiculous” and “trumped-up,” Benenson went on to say, indicators of a “desperate candidate who since his convention has had his net favorable rating decline by 15 points. The man is 32 points underwater.”
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Dr. Drew Leads the Hillary Clinton Health Truthers

(Daily Beast) The celebrity doctor’s comments breathed new life into the already-rampant Clinton health conspiracy theories, giving the Fox & Friends crew an excuse to talk about them on Thursday morning…
It took Newt Gingrich, of all people, to shut the speculation down on Fox & Friends, as TPM noted.
“With all due respect to television doctors, when you have a doctor who has never seen the patient, [begin] to give you a complicated, fancy-sounding analysis based on what?” the former Speaker of the House said. “I mean, I would be very cautious and I would recommend to doctors for professional reasons to be very cautious before you start analyzing people.”…
The only record that was available for Pinsky and his Biggest Loser colleague to review is a page-and-a-half letter from Dr. Lisa Bardack, Clinton’s physician at Mount Kisco Medical Group. That letter concludes that the former Secretary of State is “a healthy female with hypothyroidism and seasonal allergies, on long-term anticoagulation.”
Indeed, all of Pinsky’s “grave” concerns are already addressed in the record that he claims to have “dispassionately” evaluated.
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'BernieCare' can save ObamaCare

(Brent Budowsky, The Hill) The decision by Aetna to withdraw from many ObamaCare exchanges was a predictable outrage that opens to the door not to the demise of ObamaCare, but the dramatic improvement of ObamaCare led by a grand battle by Sen. Bernie Sanders (Vt.) and progressives to enact the public option and move toward a Medicare-for-all healthcare system.
Let's coin the phrase "BernieCare" to describe the kind of healthcare system that progressives believe, with some reason, would be the kind of program that voters prefer. Sanders has long been a champion of single-payer healthcare — which I personally support — but for obvious political reasons in a lobbyist-dominated Washington, single payer is highly unlikely to happen soon.
Sanders, who is more of a highly skilled political and legislative tactician than pundits understand, has responded to the Aetna withdrawal from many healthcare exchanges by publicly announcing he will wage an all-out campaign to enact the public option.
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Diet, Exercise Can Reduce Alzheimer's Proteins

(University of California - Los Angeles) A study has found that a healthy diet, regular physical activity and a normal body mass index can reduce the incidence of protein build-ups that are associated with the onset of Alzheimer's disease…
The study found that each one of several lifestyle factors -- a healthy body mass index, physical activity and a Mediterranean diet -- were linked to lower levels of plaques and tangles on the brain scans. (The Mediterranean diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, cereals and fish and low in meat and dairy, and characterized by a high ratio of monounsaturated to saturated fats, and mild to moderate alcohol consumption.)
"The fact that we could detect this influence of lifestyle at a molecular level before the beginning of serious memory problems surprised us," said Dr. David Merrill, the lead author of the study…
Earlier studies have linked a healthy lifestyle to delays in the onset of Alzheimer's. However, the new study is the first to demonstrate how lifestyle factors directly influence abnormal proteins in people with subtle memory loss who have not yet been diagnosed with dementia, Merrill said. Healthy lifestyle factors also have been shown to be related to reduced shrinking of the brain and lower rates of atrophy in people with Alzheimer's.
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How To Get The Cognitive Benefits Of A Mediterranean Diet

(SELF) Here’s one more reason to consider following a Mediterranean diet: New research has found that the eating plan can slow cognitive decline and even prevent the development of Alzheimer’s disease…
“The Mediterranean diet is, hands down, one of the world’s healthiest ways of eating,” Karen Ansel, R.D.N., author of Healthy in a Hurry: Simple, Wholesome Recipes for Every Meal of the Day, tells SELF.
Registered dietitian nutritionist Beth Warren, founder of Beth Warren Nutrition and author of Living a Real Life With Real Food, agrees, telling SELF that the diet’s benefits come from its whole foods and rotation of various food groups.
According to Ansel, the biggest perks of the diet are that it’s filled with fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, beans, olive oil, and fish, which all deliver nutrients like B vitamins, antioxidants, and omega-3 fats that are proven to benefit our hearts and our brains. It’s also rich in fiber which helps lower cholesterol and regulate blood sugar.
“The power of this way of eating isn’t just about the foods it includes. It’s is also in the foods it limits,,” Ansel says. “Namely, saturated fat-heavy red meat and highly processed foods that are packed with added sugars, which have both been linked to the development of chronic diseases like heart disease and type 2 diabetes. “
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Menstruation Pain Pill for Alzheimer's Disease?

(University of Manchester) A research project has shown that an experimental model of Alzheimer's disease can be successfully treated with a commonly used anti-inflammatory drug.
A team led by Dr David Brough from The University of Manchester found that the anti-inflammatory drug completely reversed memory loss and brain inflammation in mice.
Nearly everybody will at some point in their lives take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; mefenamic acid, a common Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drug (NSAID), is routinely used for period pain…
The research, funded by the Medical Research Council and the Alzheimer's Society, paves the way for human trials which the team hope to conduct in the future.
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Vitamin D Levels Predict Risk of Brain Decline in Chinese Elderly

(Duke-NUS Medical School) Research conducted by Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS) and Duke University has associated low vitamin D levels with increased subsequent risk of cognitive decline and impairment in the Chinese elderly.
Produced primarily in the skin upon exposure to sunlight, Vitamin D is necessary for maintaining healthy bones and muscles. It is now believed to also play a significant role in maintaining healthy brain function. An increased risk of cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases has been observed in those with low vitamin D levels, and studies from Europe and North America have linked low vitamin D levels with future cognitive decline.
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Obesity May Age Your Brain

(WebMD) Being overweight or obese in middle age shrinks your brain, aging it by as much as 10 years, according to a new study.
People who are overweight or obese during middle age have brains with much less white matter than people of the same age at a healthy weight, says study researcher Lisa Ronan, PhD, at the University of Cambridge in the U.K…
''The white matter of the brain is thought to be the first to go with dementia," says Mike Henne, PhD, a spokesman for the American Federation for Aging Research. Loss of white matter is generally associated with “foggy-mindedness," he says.
White matter declines with age, usually beginning in the late 30s, so holding on to as much as you can is desirable.
"If you lose white matter, the [brain's] neurons are not as capable of communicating with each other," says Henne, assistant professor of cell biology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.
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These Kinds of Jobs Help Protect You from Alzheimer's Disease

(Fortune) Diets matter — but so does the work you do.
It’s well known by now that sitting at a desk all day is dangerous to your health. Now it turns out that what you’re doing while you’re parked there matters, too. With about half a million new cases of Alzheimer’s disease occurring each year in the U.S. alone, and no cure in sight, researchers are racing to figure out what causes the condition — and which kinds of behavior can prevent it. A known risk factor is the so-called “Western” diet, including processed meats, potatoes, white bread, and sweets.
But if you love that stuff, here’s some good news: Both higher education and a mentally stimulating job might help you avoid Alzheimer’s even if you can’t resist bacon, hot dogs, or candy.
A study presented at the Alzheimer’s Association’s most recent international conference by Matthew Parrott, a researcher at Baycrest Health Sciences in Toronto, found that “socially and intellectually complex occupations” largely offset the ill effects of eating too much junk. Some of the jobs found to help preserve healthy brain function: Manager, teacher, lawyer, social worker, engineer, physicist, physician, dentist, and pharmacist.
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Medicaid rule will improve lives for those with Alzheimer's

(Des Moines Register) The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services have proposed a new rule that would reimburse health care providers for cognitive and functional assessment and care planning for patients with Alzheimer’s disease and other cognitive impairments.
In short, this new rule means that Medicaid will incentivize health care providers for diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease earlier and recommending community-based services and support. Most importantly, the proposed rule allows the person receiving the diagnosis to access community resources, plan for his or her future and ultimately maintain independence by staying in home longer…
The proposed rule is open for public comment until Sept. 6, after which CMS will make any necessary revisions and release the final version for 2017 implementation.
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Clinton's 'Medicare for more' approach is sound idea

(Froma Harrop) Clinton proposes a “buy in” option to Medicare for Americans 55 to 65. One must currently be 65 or older to automatically qualify for Medicare. Clinton would pay for this Medicare expansion through a higher investment surtax for upper-income people.
Lowering the Medicare age is a fine idea on several counts. Medicare has been good at controlling the cost of health care, and the beneficiaries love it. Since older people tend to use more health care than younger groups, moving them into Medicare takes some pressure off the insurers in Obamacare. At the same time, bringing younger old people into Medicare strengthens the Medicare risk pool.
Bernie Sanders promoted “Medicare for All” in his presidential run, and the idea is solid. Clinton’s gradual approach, “Medicare for More,” with better-planned funding, tops it for political palatability.
Assessing Donald Trump’s health care plan takes no time at all. Trump says he’d repeal Obamacare and replace it with “something terrific.”
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