A community for people who want to remain as healthy as possible as we age.

'Fat Shaming' May Actually Lead to Weight Gain

(LiveScience) Harassing obese people, a practice known as "fat shaming," does not encourage them to lose weight and can actually result in weight gain, a new study from the United Kingdom suggests.
In the study, nearly 3,000 adults were asked whether they had faced discrimination because of their weight, including whether they had been harassed, treated with less respect, received poor service at restaurants and stores or been treated as if they were not smart.
About 5 percent said they had experienced such fat shaming. Over a four-year period, those who reported weight discrimination gained about 2 pounds (0.95 kilograms) on average, while those who did not report weight discrimination lost about 1.5 pounds (0.71 kg).
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Weight-loss and Nutrition Myths

(Weight-control Information Network, NIH) "Lose 30 pounds in 30 days!"
"Eat as much as you want and still lose weight!"
"Try the thigh buster and lose inches fast!"
Have you heard these claims before? A large number of diets and tools are available, but their quality may vary. It can be hard to know what to believe.
This fact sheet may help. Here, we discuss myths and provide facts and tips about weight loss, nutrition, and physical activity.
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10 Tips to Stick to Your Diet

(Appetite for Health) [W]hy do so many dieters throw in the towel so soon, especially since research also shows that the only way to long-term diet success is how well you are sticking to your healthy eating plan. There are oodles of reasons why popular diets rarely lead to long-term weight loss success. That’s why most dietitians, like us, recommend a non-diet approach to losing lbs. Here are 10 tricks to boost the stick-with-it-ness of your healthy eating plan (aka diet).
1. Skimp on liquid calories…
2. Make the healthy choice the easiest choice…
3. Avoid–or limit–alcohol…
4. Avoid exercise fat traps…
5. Eat your meals, don’t skip them…
6. Don’t eat after dinner…
7. Set up goals…
8. Reward your accomplishments…
9. Try to eat the same –weekdays, weekends and even on holidays…
10. Small changes equal big results…
We find that most people don’t have to completely overhaul their diet to be successful in winning at losing: often, a few small changes to your daily food choices, lifestyle, and other habits, you can wind up losing weight once and for all.
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More Weight Loss Tips

(Sharecare.com) If you could make a simple diet change to drop more pounds and body fat, would you? Switching from refined-wheat foods, such as white bread or pasta, to whole-grain versions can boost your weight loss by 35% and help you melt nearly 50% more body fat. In a study, 79 overweight or obese postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to eat a diet containing refined or whole-grain wheat products. After 12 weeks, both groups lost weight (7.9 pounds for the whole-wheat group and 5.9 pounds for the refined-wheat group). The whole-wheat group also shed 3% body fat, whereas the refined-wheat eaters shed 2.1%.
(Science Daily) Smartphones have seen wide adoption among Americans in recent years because of their ease of use and adaptability. With that in mind, researchers examined how smartphone use affected weight loss goals and determined that smartphones may offer users an advantage over traditional methods when tracking diet data.
(Science Daily) Many people are unaware that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's mandated nutrition labels are based on a 2,000-calorie-a-day diet, but a simple weekly text message reminder can greatly improve that awareness, according to a new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
(Appetite for Health) By making your kitchen environment organized and welcoming, you’ll be more likely to want to eat in… Here are some tips for setting up a healthy kitchen: 1. Make room for healthy foods… 2. Store in … stylish, functional, clear storage containers… 3. Organize utensils and cooking pots… 4. Think ahead… 5. Create your own portion-controlled snacks.
(SouthBeachDiet.com) [M]indless eating can derail your diet and lead to weight gain. Eat healthy, and often… Snack at least twice a day… [Sit] down at a dining table to enjoy and savor your food… Keep food out of eyesight when it's not mealtime… Take breaks throughout your workday.
(SouthBeachDiet.com) Once you're committed to a healthy diet and regular workout routine, here are nine more ways you can keep your metabolism revved up and burning the maximum amount of fat and calories throughout the day. Eat breakfast daily… Exercise early… Start interval walking… Strengthen your core… Move more… Snack smartly… Drink water… Get your caffeine fix… Get more zzzs.
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More Information and Recent Research on Obesity and Weight Loss

(Science Daily) Researchers at the NIH Clinical Center found that, when examining 43 men and women with varying amounts of body fat, obese participants tended to have greater dopamine activity in the habit-forming region of the brain than lean counterparts, and less activity in the region controlling reward. Those differences could potentially make the obese people more drawn to overeat in response to food triggers and simultaneously making food less rewarding to them. A chemical messenger in the brain, dopamine influences reward, motivation and habit formation.
(UPI) A new study has vindicated fat and sugar -- two of a nutrition's most reviled boogeymen and long blamed for being not just unhealthy but also addictive. Not so, scientists say. Instead, the evidence suggests that while eating itself my be psychologically addictive, fat and sugar don't act like drugs... "More avenues for treatment may open up if we think about this condition as a behavioral addiction rather than a substance-based addiction," [said John Menzies, one of the study's lead researchers].
(Appetite for Health) Researchers at William Smith Colleges in Geneva, NY, showed adults a 10-minute clip from either Planet Earth or Food Network. After watching the clip, participants had another 10 minutes to sample chocolate covered candies, cheese curls, and carrots. Turns out those shown the cooking program ate about 40 more calories of candy than the animal watchers ate, while there was no difference between how much cheese curls or carrots the two groups ate. Since the Food Network segment featured sweet tarts, the study authors suggest that food shows prime the brain to desire the types of foods portrayed in the program.
(Counsel & Heal) Just an extra five pounds can raise blood pressure in healthy adults, according to a new study. While the dangers of excess weight gain have been well documented, researchers said that little is known about the influence of small weight gain, which is about five to 11 pounds… [Said] lead researcher Naima Covassin, Ph.D., … "Our research suggests that healthy people who are more likely to gain weight in the stomach area are also more likely to have their blood pressure increased."
(Food Consumer) [A review] found weight loss achieved by following an lifestyle intervention is effective in relieving mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnoea  (OSA)… The study shows that diabetics who lost about 24 pounds of weight in a year were three times more likely to nearly eliminate the number of sleep apnea episodes compared to those who did not lose weight.
(Science Daily) Normal-weight nutrition and exercise counselors report feeling significantly more successful in getting their obese patients to lose weight than those who are overweight or obese, a study shows. The findings suggest that patients may be more receptive to those who "practice what they preach."
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Recipes

MyRecipes.com:
Peppery Pasta with Arugula and Shrimp
Splitting the shrimp in half helps a small amount stretch further. You can sub baby spinach for arugula, if you prefer.
EatingWell:
Fish Stew with Olives, Capers & Potatoes
The olive, caper and tomato-based sauce in this healthy fish stew recipe gives this very traditional Italian dish tons of flavor. Serve with crusty bread for dipping.
Cooking Light:
Healthy Lunch Ideas
Make your midday meal count with our collection of healthy and portable lunches.
Washington Post:
SouthBeachDiet.com:
Tex-Mex Steak Salad with Salsa Dressing
This quick salad calls for jícama, a nonstarchy tuber that is crisp and juicy. You can find it in the produce department of the supermarket, either in the Latin American section or with the potatoes and onions.
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Can Recommending Sandwiches, Eggs and Roasted Chickens Really Be Considered 'Elitist'?

(Yoni Freedhoff, MD, University of Ottawa) Did you hear the one about the promotion of home cooking as being “elitist" and “unrealistic”? I did, and it really got me to some hardcore head scratching…
Listen, there’s no doubt that the inconvenient truth of healthful living is that it does indeed require effort. There’s also no doubt that there are some people who, for a myriad of reasons, are so disenfranchised that regular home-cooking is genuinely impossible. But simply put, sandwiches aren’t elitist. Nor are the toads in the hole I regularly make my three daughters. Nor is the chicken we roast in the oven at least a couple times a month. That chicken, by the way – though it does require a kitchen and an oven – feeds my family of five for in the neighborhood of $10. And it usually yields at least one lunch worth of leftovers.
No, what I see as elitist and unrealistic is the suggestion that the promotion of home-cooking is in fact the promotion of gourmet, “foodie” style meals. Those of us who work with real-world families like those interviewed by the sociologists plainly don’t do that. And maybe, just maybe, if you’re a researcher writing a paper questioning the utility of the promotion of home-cooking, it would be worth your time and while to actually investigate the real world recommendations of us who are actively involved in said home-cooking promotion – rather than hang your hat on your own half-baked notion that reality is something only you can fathom.
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More Food News

(Consumer Reports) When you come across a cereal with a name like Raisin Bran or Nature’s Path Organic Flax Plus Pumpkin Flax Granola, you assume it will be good for you. But Consumer Reports’ food experts say that's not always true.  
(Reuters) Mooo-ve over milk, Starbucks Corp is testing coconut milk in stores in Los Angeles, Cleveland and Oregon as alternatives to traditional dairy products grow more popular. A Starbucks spokeswoman declined to say how many stores were offering coconut milk. She added that the coffee chain is not testing almond milk, a popular nondairy option, at this time due to the "critically important safety of our customers with nut allergies."
(The Supermarket Guru) If you're an entrepreneur with an innovative food startup idea, launching your business can be tough - there's a big cost and a lot of risk. Which is why another innovative business idea is gaining traction - the culinary incubator. It’s a shared commercial kitchen, and while the concept is not brand new, with a booming demand for specialty and artisanal foods there are more and more food entrepreneurs who are looking for cost effective ways to get their business off the ground.  Chef's Kitchen, here in Los Angeles started in 2005, responding to a growing need for commercial kitchen space.
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The Latest from The People’s Pharmacy

Show 961: Botanical Treatments in Dermatology
LIsten to distinguished dermatologist Dr. Dan Siegel discuss the value of home remedies for common skin problems.
Spicy Salsa Soothes Psoriasis Suffering
Foods like salsa and curry have anti-inflammatory properties that may ease psoriasis symptoms.
Sulfite Reaction from Healthy Veggies Triggers Horrible Headaches
Sulfite preservatives are hidden ingredients in many foods and can cause headaches and other hard-to-diagnose symptoms.
Pickle Eased Pain of Bee Sting in the Mouth
A sting inside the mouth or throat is a medical emergency and requires immediate attention. That’s because the swelling could block the airways and lead to suffocation.
The Danger of Drinking Too Much Water
Athletes who strive to consume water even though they are not thirsty could do harm by diluting the sodium in their bodies.
Green Coffee Extract Flames Out
Claims for green coffee bean extract as a weight loss aid are not backed by good evidence according to the FTC.
Taking Thyroid Medicine at Bedtime Fights Off Fatigue
Taking levothyroxine before bed avoids possible interactions with coffee and mineral supplements.
The Miracle of Metformin Against Diabetes and Cancer
Metformin helps manage blood sugar and appears to help prevent and control many cancers.
Celexa Withdrawal Triggered Sound of Eyes Moving
Abruptly stopping Celexa led to withdrawal symptoms of anxiety, agitation, a swooshing sound when moving the eyes, insomnia and crying.
Could an Old Drug (Ketamine) Stop Suicide?
Ketamine injections can quickly reverse suicidal thoughts and depression, but it is not widely available.
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Quick Takes

(New York Daily News) Stacy Erholtz survived blood cancer thanks to an altered form of the measles virus. There are about 400 people on a waiting list for the same treatment. 'It's not just about me,' she said.
(LiveScience) A man's undiagnosed sleepwalking nearly turned life-threatening when he sleepwalked off a 60-foot cliff while camping.
(Reuters Health) Only a few of the instructional videos about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on YouTube provide accurate advice on how to perform basic life support, according to a team of Turkish emergency medicine specialists.
(Reuters) Domestic violence, mainly against women and children, kills far more people than wars and is an often overlooked scourge that costs the world economy more than $8 trillion a year, experts said on Tuesday. The study, which its authors said was a first attempt to estimate global costs of violence, urged the United Nations to pay more attention to abuse at home that gets less attention than armed conflicts from Syria to Ukraine.
(Science Daily) Poverty -- rather than biased reporting -- seems to account for the higher rates of child abuse and neglect among black children, reports a new study.
(Science Daily) Psychological input into the treatment and management of people with severe asthma can help improve their symptoms, according to a new study. Around 27% of people with severe asthma are thought to experience psychological problems'; however, this isn't routinely addressed by asthma healthcare professionals.
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Ebola News

(Reuters) The death toll from West Africa's Ebola outbreak has risen to more than 2,400 from at least 4,784 cases, but that is highly likely to be an underestimate, the World Health Organisation's director general Margaret Chan said on Friday. Chan said the number of cases of the deadly viral disease is rising faster than authorities' ability to manage them, and she called for international support in sending healthcare workers, medical supplies and aid to the worst-affected countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.
(Reuters) The number of new Ebola cases in West Africa is growing faster than authorities can manage them, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Friday, renewing a call for health workers from around the world to go to the region to help.
(AFP) The Red Cross said Thursday it planned to train more than 2,000 extra volunteers to step up its response to the deadly Ebola outbreak ravaging west Africa. "With dozens of new cases emerging daily, this outbreak is showing no signs of slowing down," said Alasan Senghore, head of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies' Africa unit. "People are dying. If we are serious about stopping Ebola, we cannot afford to delay ramping up our response," he said in a statement.
(Reuters) Cuba is to send 165 healthcare workers to West Africa to help in the battle against the world's worst ever epidemic of the Ebola virus, the country's health minister said on Friday. Speaking at a news conference at the headquarters of the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, Roberto Morales Ojeda, Cuba's minister of public health, said the first of his workers would begin arriving in Sierra Leone in early October.
(Reuters) The third American to be treated for Ebola in the United States is showing "remarkable improvement" after receiving an infusion of plasma from U.S. Ebola survivor Dr. Kent Brantly, as well as an undisclosed experimental drug, his doctors said on Thursday. Dr. Rick Sacra, 51, who is being treated in a special biocontainment unit at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha, received two doses of plasma from Brantly, which doctors are calling a convalescent serum, and has been given nightly doses of an undisclosed experimental drug, Dr. Phil Smith, one of Sacra's doctors, said in a news briefing.
(Bloomberg) A black market for an Ebola treatment derived from the blood of survivors is emerging in the West African countries experiencing the worst outbreak of the virus on record, the World Health Organization said. The United Nations health agency will work with governments to stamp out the illicit trade in convalescent serum, WHO Director-General Margaret Chan told reporters today in Geneva, where the organization is based. There is a danger that such serums could contain other infections and wouldn’t be administered properly, Chan said.
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More Infectious Disease News

(Dr. Harvey Rubin, Nicholas Saidel, Institute for Strategic Threat Analysis and Response) Global infectious disease control is currently a disjointed, incoherent effort riddled with gaps and inconsistencies that limit our ability to meet challenges optimally… We have proposed in a number of international venues that a Global Governance Structure for Infectious Disease (GGSID) be established… Some countries have incentives to underreport outbreaks, whereas others simply do not have the ability to report accurately. The current system does not properly incentivize the private sector to invest in the development of vaccines that would only serve a small population. It is simply not profitable.
The GGSID addresses both the underreporting and the lack-of-market issues through creative incentive frameworks, as well as through international research centers that would be dedicated to finding cures for scourges like Ebola.
(Science Daily) Many pathogens are transmitted by insect bites. The abundance of vectors (as the transmitting insects are called) depends on seasonal and other environmental fluctuations. A new article demonstrates that Plasmodium parasites react to mosquitoes biting their hosts, and that the parasite responses increase transmission to the mosquito vector.
(European Lung Foundation) The timing of food intake in the early phase of TB treatment could have a negative impact on the effectiveness of TB treatment.
(LiveScience) Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the bite of a tick. Early symptoms include a bull's-eye rash.
(Science Daily) Provided that therapy is started promptly, South Africans with HIV have chances of remaining alive beyond two years on antiretroviral therapy that are comparable to those of North American patients, according to new research.
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Interesting Stuff

(UPI) A newly detailed timeline of Egypt's ecological history has offered scientists a better understanding of the consequences of extinctions over time.
(Science Daily) A pond-dwelling, single-celled organism has the remarkable ability to break its own DNA into nearly a quarter-million pieces and rapidly reassemble those pieces when it's time to mate. This elaborate process could provide a template for understanding how chromosomes in more complex animals such as humans break apart and reassemble, as can happen during the onset of cancer.
(Discover Magazine) Humans are famously “risk averse” for gains. This means that if someone offers us a smaller, guaranteed amount of money (or some other reward), we prefer that to an uncertain but larger amount… This kind of decision making might seem like a stretch for a bird. But even a lowly pigeon has to make choices all the time about where to search for food… [And in a study, pigeons] made nearly identical choices to humans.
(Discover Magazine) Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago have found that the communities of microbes living in individual homes are unique and identifiable, meaning humans sharing a home have a similar microbial “aura.” And, these microbial passengers follow us wherever we go, swiftly populating new homes, and even hotel rooms, within less than a day of occupancy. The study was conducted as a part of the Home Microbiome Project, which aims to understand how humans interact with, and influence, the bacteria in their homes.
(Discover Magazine) A 64.5-foot-wide test version of the Sunjammer solar sail sits unfurled in a large vacuum chamber during tests at NASA’s Plum Brook facility in Ohio. Slated for launch in 2017, the full-size 124-foot-wide version will be the largest orbiting solar sail ever, employing 13,000 square feet of thin Kapton film to harness the weak but constant force of solar photons. Movable vanes at the sail’s four corners act like rudders so operators can help it achieve and maintain a gravitationally stable solar orbit. Despite its size, the sail weighs just 70 pounds and will carry scientific instruments to observe space weather.
(Discover Magazine) Listeners can determine if a person is tall or short based on voice alone.
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Withings presents home health tracking

(AFP Relaxnews) A sleek new HD camera equipped with environmental sensors from Withings can tell you things that might not be apparent about your home environment as you clean, decorate, set the security alarm and supervise children at play.
Withings Home is a 135-degree wide-angle zoom smart camera that includes night vision and provides several different types of information to heads of household who can't be everywhere at once.
It's been programmed to recognize crying and human presence and sends alerts to users' smartphones if something noteworthy takes place. It can record cloud-stored videos to provide evidence in the case of break-ins or to simply provide a timeline of events that take place in the home.
But one of Withings Home's most interesting features is its ability to monitor potential toxic elements in the interior environment. The device has the ability to track temperature, humidity and levels of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) in the air. VOC comes from chemicals used in buildings, furnishings, cleaning and personal care products, and exposure to significant quantities have been associated with potential short or long-term negative health effects.
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More Medical Technology News

(Relaxnews) A new study, which arrives just as Apple is expected to unveil its first wearable technology device, suggests that the number one function that consumers want from a smartwatch is health and fitness tracking. According to data from research and consultancy firm GfK that compiled the opinions of consumers in China, Germany, South Korea, the UK and the USA, tracking health and well-being is more important than the ability to display the time.
(LiveScience) Apple's new smartwatch, Apple Watch, aims to get people to move more by tracking their daily exercise as well as sitting time, according to an announcement from the company.
(Reuters) Technology pundits were quick to predict the demise of most fitness wristbands and smartwatches when Apple Inc launched its Apple Watch. But healthcare professionals and fitness junkies were left wanting to see more. Observers say there is little evidence for now that the device's fitness capabilities surpass the competition. Others, hoping for groundbreaking health features from a company whose Chief Executive Officer Tim Cook spoke of how sensors are "set to explode," were left wondering what's in store for the product.
(LiveScience) The Apple Watch enters fitness-tracker territory by offering ways to monitor daily exercise and heart rate, but the device doesn't necessarily mean the end of trackers like Fitbit.
(Reuters) Jawbone said on Monday it is opening its software to other device-makers in hopes of accelerating sales of its activity-tracking wristbands, in a move that comes a day before Apple Inc is expected to unveil a smartwatch of its own. Jawbone said its software, called UP, can now incorporate health and fitness data from any gadget, whether it be an Apple iPhone, Fitbit, or Google Android Wear device. It will also pull in data from Apple's anticipated wearable device, dubbed the iWatch by the press. A Jawbone user who neglects to wear the band for a night, for instance, can pull sleep data from an iPhone or Android smartphone… Jawbone's UP can be used to track workout activity, sleep patterns, and food and drink consumption.
(Reuters Health) With a regular laptop camera and sophisticated software, researchers may be able to detect atrial fibrillation about as accurately as with a standard electrocardiogram (ECG), according to a new pilot study. The technology records and analyzes video footage of a person’s face and detects subtle shifts in skin color that indicate changes in blood flow.
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Medical Research News

(Discover Magazine) “Researchers have a wealth of DNA microarray data. Unfortunately computers simply aren’t good enough at understanding patterns or spotting things that look a bit unusual. The most effective tool for analysing cancer data is often the human eye. This means that scientists have to analyse a massive amount of data by eye, which delays their search for new cancer treatments,” explains Hannah Keartland Citizen Science Lead at Cancer Research UK.
To tackle this, the team at Cancer Research UK launched a game called Play to CureTM: Genes in Space, a mobile app in which players help scientists identify genes that might contribute to cancer.
(Shots, NPR) Nationwide, about 16 percent of scientists with sustaining (known as "R01") grants in 2012 lost them the following year, according to an NPR analysis. That left about 3,500 scientists nationwide scrambling to find money to keep their labs alive — including 35 at the Baylor College of Medicine.
(MedPage Today) Viewers of Stand Up To Cancer's (SU2C) fourth 1-hour live prime-time commercial-free program -- telecast over more than 30 broadcast and cable networks Friday night -- pledged more than $109 million, with about $82 million slated for translational cancer research projects in the U.S. and about $27 million for Canadian researchers.
(KTTC) Two of Rochester [MN]'s biggest brain trusts have teamed up to help doctors study new cures and treatments for cancer. The medical brain is teaming up with the mechanical brawn. Through a partnership with IBM, the Mayo Clinic is using cognitive supercomputer Watson to analyze thousands of data points and pair cancer patients with clinical trials they're best suited for. "We've all been increasingly impressed about the potential that Watson offers to help transform the delivery of healthcare,” said leader of the collaboration, Dr. Nicholas LaRusso.
(Science Daily) Dementia trials could be failing because they all too often overlook the physical health of patients, according to new research. More than 60 per cent of people with dementia are estimated to have three or more other conditions (co-morbidities). The research shows how the combined effects of co-morbidities including diabetes, lung disease, arthritis and chronic heart failure are not being adequately described in dementia trials.
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Pharma News

(MedPage Today) Now a single bottle of highly concentrated Humulin U-500 insulin  that lasts a diabetes patient about one month costs $1,200 wholesale -- more than five times the $220 it cost in 2007… This is not the first time a drug company has raised prices simply because it could. Pharmaceutical law experts say there's no regulatory framework to prevent drug companies from increasing prices based on demand.
(MedPage Today) In back-to-back hearings, polypill advocates failed to light a fire under an FDA advisory committee, which rejected a hypertension combo and sent supporters of a three-drug polypill aimed at prevention of acute events back to the drawing board.
(Science Daily) Bioosimilar drugs are the complex equivalents of generic ones and are destined to make a great impact on the healthcare system over the coming years. They are copies, although not exact ones, of drugs of biotechnological origin; the latter are very expensive drugs to produce and, therefore, expensive for healthcare systems. The expiry of the patents on many of the original products has opened up the market for producing cheaper copies, and the entry onto the market of biosimilar drugs is expected to encourage access to expensive treatments for patients with severe conditions like cancer or autoimmune diseases, among others. 
(Reuters) The U.S. Federal Trade Commission on Monday sued Drugmakers AbbVie Inc and Teva Pharmaceuticals Industries Ltd for allegedly illegally preventing generic versions of AndroGel, for men with low testosterone, from getting to market. The FTC, which says AndroGel users paid hundreds of millions of dollars more than necessary because of the companies' actions, asked the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania to order AbbVie to refund users that money.
(Reuters) Hyperion Therapeutics Inc said it would stop developing its diabetes drug after discovering manipulation of trial data by employees of a recently acquired subsidiary… Hyperion said some employees of Andromeda Biotech Ltd, which it acquired in June, engaged in serious misconduct that involved receiving unblinded data from the trial, DIA-AID 1, and manipulating it to obtain a favorable result. The company said additional evidence indicated that the employees continued sharing and examining unblinded data from an ongoing DIA-AID 2 trial.
(Reuters) A Texas jury has ordered Boston Scientific Corp to pay $73 million to a woman who said she suffered serious injuries from a transvaginal mesh device, the first loss for the device maker in one of thousands of suits over the products… Plaintiff Martha Salazar, 42, was implanted with an Obtryx sling four years ago to treat urinary leakage, her lawyer David Matthews said. She now suffers from permanent nerve damage and constant pelvic pain, he said.
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Health Insurance News

(Kaiser Health News) Doctors and hospitals treated more patients and collected more payments in the spring as millions gained insurance coverage under the health law, new figures from the government show. But analysts called the second-quarter increases modest and said there is little evidence to suggest that wider coverage and a recovering economy are pushing health spending growth to the painful levels of a decade ago.
(Center on Budget and Policy Priorities) The Census Bureau will release estimates on September 16 of the number and share of Americans without health coverage in 2013, based on its annual Current Population Survey (CPS).  While the CPS is the most widely used source of health coverage information, significant changes in its health coverage questions instituted for 2013 — the result of a multi-year Census initiative to improve the reliability and accuracy of the survey’s health coverage estimates — mean that the 2013 results cannot be compared to those for prior years.  Moreover, because the CPS estimates are for 2013, they will not show the effects of the Affordable Care Act’s (ACA) major coverage expansions, implemented starting in January 2014. 
Analysts and policymakers should therefore look to other available data sources as well, including other federal and private surveys.
(Real Time Economics, Wall Street Journal) The president’s health-care law has made participants in most states worse off, but the result may reflect decisions made in state capitals, not the broader policy, a new study from a Yale University economist found. The average enrollee in a health plan made available under the Affordable Care Act saw individual welfare decline in 35 states, according to the study Amanda Kowalski presented Thursday at the Brookings Institution in Washington. The report found the majority of those states either handed over at least part of the rollout to the federal government or were crippled by technology glitches.
(Politico) House Republicans on Thursday returned to the Obamacare well for another vote against the law, this time to allow consumers to stay on once-canceled plans until 2019. The House approved the bill, 247-167, with the support of all Republicans and 25 Democrats.
(Kaiser Health News) Among the most significant difference is that patients with private plans don't face the same danger of losing nursing home coverage as those on Medicare. 
(Center on Budget and Policy Priorities) Proposals to convert Medicare to a “premium support” system would replace its guarantee of health coverage with a flat payment, or voucher, that beneficiaries would use to purchase either private health insurance or, in some versions, a form of traditional fee-for-service Medicare.  Proponents of premium support argue that traditional Medicare would remain a viable option for beneficiaries under proposals that retain it.  That, however, is unlikely to be the case over the long run as findings from new analyses from the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC) and researchers at the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) indicate.
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Fitness: Fountain of Youth?

(Science Daily) Being physically active may significantly improve musculoskeletal and overall health, and minimize or delay the effects of aging, according to a review of the latest research on senior athletes (ages 65 and up)…
"An increasing amount of evidence demonstrates that we can modulate age-related decline in the musculoskeletal system," said lead study author and orthopaedic surgeon Bryan G. Vopat, MD. "A lot of the deterioration we see with aging can be attributed to a more sedentary lifestyle instead of aging itself."
The positive effects of physical activity on maintaining bone density, muscle mass, ligament and tendon function, and cartilage volume are keys to optimal physical function and health. In addition, the literature recommends a combined physical activity regimen for all adults encompassing resistance, endurance, flexibility and balance training, "as safely allowable for a given person." Among the recommendations:
Resistance training…
Endurance training…
Flexibility and balance…
The study also recommends "proper" nutrition for older, active adults to optimize performance. For senior athletes, a daily protein intake of 1.0 to 1.5 g/kg is recommended, as well as carbohydrate consumption of 6 to 8 g/kg (more than 8 g/kg in the days leading up to an endurance event).
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An hour of moderate exercise a day may decrease heart failure risk

(American Heart Association) In a new study…, researchers say more than an hour of moderate or half an hour of vigorous exercise per day may lower your risk of heart failure by 46 percent…
Swedish researchers studied 39,805 people 20-90 years old who didn't have heart failure when the study began in 1997. Researchers assessed their total- and leisure time activity at the beginning of the study and followed them to see how this was related to their subsequent risk of developing heart failure. They found that the more active a person, the lower their risk for heart failure.
They also found:
The group with the highest leisure time activity (more than one hour of moderate or half an hour of vigorous physical activity a day) had a 46 percent lower risk of developing heart failure.
Physical activity was equally beneficial for men and women.
Those who developed heart failure were older, male, had lower levels of education, a higher body mass index and waist-hip ratio, and a history of heart attack, diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
"You do not need to run a marathon to gain the benefits of physical activity—even quite low levels of activity can give you positive effects," said Kasper Andersen, M.D., Ph.D., study co-author and researcher at the Uppsala University in Uppsala, Sweden. "Physical activity lowers many heart disease risk factors, which in turn lowers the risk of developing heart failure as well as other heart diseases."
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Short Walks Reverse Negative Effects of Prolonged Sitting: Study

(Science World Report) A latest study shows that short walks help reverse the negative effects of prolonged sitting on leg arteries.
Studies conducted earlier showed that people whose occupations demand sitting for a prolonged period of time, face a higher risk of greater waist circumference and elevated levels of cholesterol that further lead to cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
Due to sitting for long periods, the slack muscles fail to contract to effectively pump blood to the heart. Blood pools in the legs and affect the endothelial function of the arteries or the ability of the blood vessels to expand from rise in flow of blood. This is one of the early studies that highlights these effects…
"American adults sit for approximately eight hours a day," [researcher Saurabh] Thosar said. "The impairment in endothelial function is significant after just one hour of sitting. It is interesting to see that light physical activity can help in preventing this impairment."
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More Information on Exercise as Medicine

(Science Daily) Wine only protects against cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people who exercise, according to results from the a study. Evidence suggesting that mild to moderate consumption of wine protects against cardiovascular disease has been accumulating since the early 1990s. In particular, retrospective studies have found that wine increases levels of HDL, the "good" cholesterol. But until now there has been no long-term, prospective, randomised study comparing the effects of red and white wine on HDL cholesterol and other markers of atherosclerosis.
(HHS HealthBeat) African-American women who exercise regularly seem to have a lower risk of breast cancer. Boston University researchers found this in 16 years of follow-up of more than 44,000 African-American women in the Black Women’s Health Study… These findings for black women are in line with what other researchers had found earlier in white women… Learn more at healthfinder.gov.
(Andrew Weil, M.D.) If you think being a senior is a good excuse to cut back on working out, think again - a newly published study suggests that you’re better off exercising more rather than less as you get older… Over the course of [a] clinical tr[ia]l, the researchers found that seniors in the study who walked longer and faster and were more physically active than their peers had better heart rate variability, fewer irregular heart rhythms, and an estimated 11 percent lower risk of heart attack or sudden cardiac death.
(Science Codex) Increasing the amount or intensity of physical activity can cut the chances of older women developing a life-threatening irregular heartbeat, according to new research… Researchers found that post-menopausal women, enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative, who were the most physically active had a 10 percent lower risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF), compared to women with low levels of physical activity, even if they were obese. Obesity is an important risk factor for atrial fibrillation.
(Sharecare.com) Reduce blood pressure without getting out of your chair? It may be possible -- if you do a little squeezing while you sit. Isometric exercises, the kind where you contract large muscles without actually moving the body part, may help reduce blood pressure in healthy people, a study shows. And something as simple as squeezing your inner thigh muscles together while you sit would qualify.
(Sharecare.com) In an animal study, just 20 minutes on a treadmill 6 days a week was enough to bestow up to triple the number of stem cells produced in the test subjects. And those extra stem cells are likely behind the subsequent jump in new muscle fibers and additional muscle mass that those test subjects experienced as well. One other benefit: The older rats in the study also exhibited an uptick in "spontaneous locomotion" — a naturally occurring increase in their physical activity levels.
(Science World Report) A [study] found that offering aerobic activities daily before school helps young children at greater risk of ADHD lower symptoms in classrooms and at home. Children with ADHD display signs of inattentiveness, moodiness and difficulty socializing with others.
Community: It works for dogs. Why wouldn’t it work for humans?
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