A community for people who want to remain as healthy as possible as we age.

Demanding, low-control jobs linked to type 2 diabetes

(Reuters Health) Even without classic risk factors for type 2 diabetes, people with high-stress, low-control jobs were over 60 percent more likely to develop the disease than unstressed workers in a new German study. The findings add to substantial evidence that job strain represents a serious health risk on its own, researchers say…
Past research dating back decades has established that jobs with a combination of high demands and low control over how the work is done offer a formula for high worker stress.
That particular kind of job strain has long been linked to heart disease and death. The underlying cause is generally thought to be a mixture of physical wear-and-tear from the chronic stress itself and unhealthy coping behaviors like smoking, drinking and overeating.
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize the effects of type 2 diabetes.
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Losing weight lowers health care costs for adults with type 2 diabetes

(Science Codex) Overweight individuals with diabetes who lose weight by dieting and increasing their physical activity can reduce their health care costs by an average of more than $500 per year, according to a new study.
"Lifestyle interventions promoting weight loss and physical activity are recommended for overweight and obese people with Type 2 diabetes to improve their health," said Mark A. Espeland, professor of public health sciences at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center and lead author of the study. "This is the first study to show that weight loss can also save money for these individuals by reducing their health care needs and costs."…
Those in the [intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI)] group had 11 percent fewer hospitalizations and 15 percent shorter hospital stays. They also used fewer prescription medications. Both of these benefits of ILI contributed to an average saving of $5,280 per person in health care costs over 10 years (or $528 per year).
Espeland said the people in the ILI program maintained lower weights and higher levels of physical activity throughout the study than those in the DSE group, resulting in better control of their diabetes, blood pressure, sleep quality, physical function and symptoms of depression. He added that the cost savings for those in the ILI group were relatively consistent regardless of age, initial weight, gender or ethnicity.
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize the effects of type 2 diabetes.
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Grizzly research offers surprising insights into diabetes-obesity link

(Eureka! Science News) Investigators … note that grizzly bears are obese but not diabetic in the fall, become diabetic only weeks later in hibernation, and then somehow become "cured" of diabetes when they wake up in the spring…
[T]hey found that, unlike in humans, insulin levels in the animals' blood do not change. Instead, the cells that insulin communicates with turn on and off their ability to respond to insulin. The team also made the surprising discovery that when grizzlies are most obese, they are also the most insulin sensitive (or least diabetic), and they become this way by shutting down the activity of a protein called PTEN in fat cells.
"This is in contrast to the common notion that obesity leads to diabetes in humans," says Dr. Kevin Corbit, of Amgen, Inc. He and his colleagues also found that grizzlies somehow store all of the fuel they need during hibernation in fat tissue, not in liver and muscle, which are common places for fat to accumulate in other animals with obesity…
"Our results clearly and convincingly add to an emerging paradigm where diabetes and obesity -- in contrast to the prevailing notion that the two always go hand-in-hand -- may exist naturally on opposite ends of the metabolic spectrum," says Dr. Corbit. "While care must be taken in extrapolating preclinical findings to the care of particular patients, we believe that these and other data do support a more comprehensive and perhaps holistic approach to caring for patients with diabetes and/or obesity," he adds.
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize the effects of type 2 diabetes.
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Scientists Call for a Reversal of Diabetes Diet Recommendations

(The People’s Pharmacy) The standard nutrition recommendation for people with diabetes has been to follow a low-fat diet. Now a group of physicians and nutrition researchers suggests in a critical review that restricting carbohydrates instead would make more sense.
Based on evidence from clinical trials, they recommend low-carbohydrate diets as the first approach for treating diabetes. Indeed, for type 2 diabetes, this is sometimes all the treatment that is necessary. Low-carb diets bring blood sugar down without the side effects that occur with the most frequently utilized drug treatments.
The People's Pharmacy perspective finds that this approach makes a lot more sense than the conventional advice that the American Diabetes Association and other organizations have been offering people with diabetes for decades. The conventional recommendations seem not to have been based on clinical trials, but rather on the fear of fat that infected American society, including health care, in the mid-20th century and persists to this day.
If you would like to learn more about controlling blood sugar by cutting down on carbohydrates, you may be interested in our one-hour radio interviews with experts such as Dr. Richard Bernstein, author of Dr. Bernstein's Diabetes Solution, or Dr. Eric Westman, co-author of The New Atkins for a New You.
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize the effects of type 2 diabetes.
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7 Ways to Maintain Healthy Blood Sugar Levels

(Reader’s Digest) If your blood sugar number is creeping up, these science-backed diet, exercise, and wellness tweaks can help you return it to a healthier level…
Enjoy Mediterranean meals
According to studies involving 140,000 people, the odds of developing diabetes are 21 percent lower for those who follow a Mediterranean diet—building meals around plant-based foods, including fruits and vegetables, beans, nuts, whole grains, and olive oil…
Go blue
Eating more anthocyanins—the nutrients that give grapes and berries their bright red and blue colors—was linked to better blood sugar control in a new British study…
Don't skip breakfast
If you frequently miss a morning meal, you'll be more likely to develop type 2 diabetes…
Sweat and strengthen
Women who did both cardio (at least two and a half hours) and strength training (at least one hour) every week had the lowest diabetes risk—about one third less than that of non-exercisers…
Step away from the desk (and the TV)
Walk around for two minutes after every 20 you spend sitting down…
Calculate your risk
Complete a risk test at diabetes.org , and take the results to your next doctor's appointment…
Examine your medicine cabinet
Drugs for common conditions—such as steroids to control asthma, statins to improve cholesterol levels, and diuretics to lower blood pressure—may raise blood sugar.
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize the effects of type 2 diabetes.
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More Information and Recent Research on Diabetes

(Science Daily) Close to half (40%) of the adult population of the USA is expected to develop type 2 diabetes at some point during their lifetime, suggests a major study. The future looks even worse for some ethnic minority groups, with one in two Hispanic men and women and non-Hispanic black women predicted to develop the disease.
(Science Daily) A new online tool will help doctors predict which patients are most likely to develop diabetes. Experts say it could offer a cost-effective way to identify people with diabetes, as it avoids the need for significant investment in screening.
(Science Daily) Blood glucose levels measured in hospitalized adults during acute illness can be used to predict risk of developing type 2 diabetes over the following three years, according to a new study.
(Science Daily) A new study indicating that Americans have approximately a 40 percent risk of developing diabetes during their lifetime offers more evidence that nutrition counseling provided by a registered dietitian nutritionist can help prevent or delay diabetes and its related health problems through lifestyle and dietary changes, according to researchers.
(Science Daily) Diabetes education significantly improves outcomes among people with the condition, leading to reduced blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels. The patients in a recent study worked with diabetes educators as part of their care through a holistic patient-centered medical home approach, including coordination of care between providers and culturally competent communication.
(Reuters Health) Healthy eating, staying active and losing weight are already recommended for people with type 2 diabetes, and new research suggests these steps may also delay or prevent chronic kidney disease. About 35 percent of U.S. adults with diabetes have some degree of kidney disease, and diabetes is the major cause of kidney failure and dialysis, according to the study’s lead author Dr. William C. Knowler.
(Science Daily) Training with alternating levels of walking intensity could be better than walking at a constant speed to help manage blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes, research shows. The effects of exercise on blood sugar (glycaemic) control in individuals with type 2 diabetes are well documented but the optimal exercise intensity and type remains to be defined. Traditionally, high-intensity exercise has not been recommended for individuals with type 2 diabetes due to a fear of inducing injuries and discouraging patients from continuing with the exercise program.
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Pork Chops with Carolina Rub
Punch up the flavor of grilled pork chops with an easy spice rub. Serve with simple sides for a menu ready in less than 30 minutes.
Steak Burritos
Here’s a burrito inspired by San Francisco’s super burritos that come packed with meat, beans, rice, cheese, guacamole and salsa. We’ve kept this home-style version a bit simpler to make and a whole lot healthier with brown rice, whole-wheat tortillas and a more reasonable serving size. We recommend wrapping it in foil—the traditional way to serve it—so you can pick the burrito up and eat it without it falling apart, peeling back the foil as you go. Serve with a cold beer and vinegar-dressed slaw.
The Supermarket Guru:
Steal This Recipe® Pollo Capri
'Stolen with permission' from Chef Joanie Corneil, co-owner and executive chef of Bella's Italian Café, in Tampa, Florida, this mushroom lovers' recipe will dazzle your guests - if you love mushrooms as much as we do then you'll love this simple recipe: sautéed chicken breasts topped with smoked mozzarella and three different types of mushroom, in white wine.
Totally Tomatoes
Few vegetables top tomatoes at the height of summer. Whether chopped into a frittata, sliced into a sandwich, or stuffed and baked, juicy, ripe tomatoes can be enjoyed at every meal. In August, you can choose from an incredible bounty of tomatoes, from bright red beefsteaks and flavorful heirlooms to small cherry tomatoes. These recipes will show you how to take advantage of one of summer's most versatile and nutritious vegetables.
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Food News

(SouthBeachDiet.com) There's nothing quite like the taste of a ripe, juicy tomato. But if taste alone isn’t enough for you, consider this: Tomatoes are rich in the antioxidant vitamin C and in lycopene, a powerful carotenoid that may help lower your risk of heart disease and certain forms of cancer. Furthermore, tomatoes are versatile and can be enjoyed with any meal, from breakfast omelets to dinner salads. Here's how to get the most from this fabulous best-in-summer vegetable.
(Appetite for Health) A key compound in green tea is Epigallocatechin gallate, aka EGCG.  EGCG is a powerful antioxidant that is touted as a fat burning ingredient. Unfortunately, the amount found in a typical cup of green tea is not enough to have much effect.  Despite all the hype, when researchers looked at a dozen randomized controlled trials in a recent study, they found that consuming tea on a regular basis had did not significantly effect weight loss.
(Well, New York Times) For years, we’ve heard that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. But scientific support for that idea has been surprisingly meager, and a spate of new research at several different universities — published in multiple articles in the August issue of The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition — could change the way we think about early-hours eating.
(Sharecare.com) People who start out empty are more likely to overeat later. Need something to eat almost anywhere? No problem. Fuel up with these 9 breakfasts -- they've got lots of fiber to control cravings, protein to trim appetite, and a dab of healthy fat to keep you full for hours.
(Fast Company) Bio-bean, which was founded in London by an architecture student and supported by the Founder.org accelerator program, claims to be the first company to industrialize coffee-waste recycling. "At first mention of recycling coffee grounds, people typically think of collecting a bag of coffee grounds from local shops," says Arthur Kay, CEO and co-founder of Bio-bean. "The Bio-bean process is much more sophisticated; we focus on wholesale instant coffee manufacturers and coffee-waste aggregators."
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Quick Takes

(LiveScience) This new generation walking stick combines the benefits of a whitestick with the guidance of a seeing-eye dog without the need for long, expensive trainings or the necessary clean up.
(LiveScience) The future of rehabilitation may be as much about art as science.
(Dr. Deepali Patni, CNN) One of the issues I find in my own practice is that there is plenty of misinformation about menopause, making it hard to separate myth from fact. Talking with your gynecologist about this very important change can help alleviate some of the confusion -- and maybe even improve your symptoms… Frequent questions that have come up in my practice include: My sex drive isn't what it used to be. Why?... Menopause has made sex painful. What can I do?... Do I still need to worry about sexually transmitted illnesses?... What about pregnancy?... I'm feeling a lot of pressure down there. Is that bad?
(Consumer Reports) Taking cost into account as well as effectiveness and safety, we have chosen the following as a Best Buy for people with Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis who have decided with their doctor that a biologic is appropriate.
(CNN) Researchers are working on a tracking device like the ones placed in airplanes that records surgeons' movements during an operation.
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Mammography false alarms linked with later tumor risk

(Reuters Health) Women whose screening mammograms produce false alarms have a heightened risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer years later, but the reason remains mysterious, researchers say.
An increased risk of breast cancer among women with a “false positive” mammogram has been reported before. What’s new about this study is that the authors tried to figure out how much, if any, of the extra risk is simply due to doctors missing the cancer the first time they investigated the worrisome mammogram findings.
But mistakes from doctors missing cancers explained only a small percentage of the increased risk, according to lead author My von Euler-Chelpin, an epidemiologist from the University of Copenhagen in Denmark.
She told Reuters Health in a telephone interview that she could not explain most of the increased risk of later breast cancer in women with false-positive mammograms. (A mammogram is considered false positive when it suggests possible breast cancer but additional screenings or a biopsy fails to find it.)
Community: So false positives could be a good thing, if they motivate women with those readings to be more vigilant about their breast health.
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A few (impolite) questions about the ice bucket challenge

(Michael Hiltzik, Los Angeles Times) The first issue raised by the ice bucket challenge is whether this money is being put to its best use. That's not a rap on the ALS Association, which appears to get good marks on philanthropic efficiency. Nor is it about whether ALS warrants this level of attention and charitable giving. It's whether ALS warrants the attention, compared with other possible charitable causes…
Let's stipulate that ALS is a devastating condition for those who have it… But ALS is also a rare disease… The CDC estimates the prevalence of ALS in the U.S. at any one time at about 12,000 persons…
One concern of philanthropy experts is that high-profile fundraising campaigns like this might cannibalize other donations--those inclined to donate $100 to charity this summer, or this year, will judge that they've met their social obligations by spending the money on ALS…
So, sure. You want to contribute to the fight against ALS, great. But if you're doing it just because you saw or heard about Bill Gates, Jimmy Fallon, Justin Timberlake or Ethel Kennedy dumping ice water on their head, maybe you should give a bit more thought to where you donate your money.
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Infectious Disease News

(UPI) Police in Southern California are searching for a man with a contagious, drug-resistant form of tuberculosis... "With appropriate treatment tuberculosis can be cured," county health official Dr. Charity Thoman said in a press release. "Without treatment, it is often fatal and poses a public health threat due to airborne transmission. This is particularly true for drug-resistant cases. If [Augustin] Zeferino is contagious and he is out in our community, it is a public health emergency."
(Reuters Health) Brazilian ticks that carry Rocky Mountain spotted fever passed the disease to animal hosts in as little as 10 minutes if they had recently fed on another animal, a new study found.
(WWLP) West Nile virus is spread through mosquito bites. And as we know, those are hard to avoid at parks, but there are ways you can protect your family. Experts say to lessen the risk, always wear bug spray, and make sure the bug spray is a good brand… For example a popular brand, Bite Blocker, is known to protect you against mosquitos for 4 hours, but only 2 hours against ticks. Experts also suggest wearing long sleeves, especially when it’s dark out, and staying away from ponds or lakes, especially at night.
(Reuters) Fear of Ebola is causing U.S. hospitals to take precautions that, paradoxically, might backfire, increasing the risk to those caring for a patient with the deadly disease, researchers warned this week.
(LiveScience) Experience with Ebola survivors in Africa suggests that the two American Ebola patients who recovered from the disease are now immune to the strain of the virus that infected them.
(Reuters) Cholera has killed at least 67 people in Ghana since June and infected more than 5,000 others in an outbreak that highlights the health and sanitation challenges facing one of Africa's fastest-growing economies.
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Smaller Physician Practices Are Better for Preventing Hospital Admissions

(MedPage Today) Smaller primary care physician practices -- those with fewer than 10 physicians -- had fewer preventable hospital admissions among their Medicare beneficiaries than larger practices, researchers have found…
"It was surprising to see that smaller physician practices were associated with lower rates of ambulatory care-sensitive [preventable] admissions, after controlling for the case-mix of patients and the hospital referral region of the practice," study co-author Michael Pesko, PhD, … told MedPage Today in an email.
"This is despite smaller practices having fewer resources and staff to help them implement systematic processes to improve the care they provide. There may be something unmeasured at the small practice level, such as more flexible appointment scheduling or more direct relationships among patients, physicians, and staff, that help small practices overcome these disadvantages."
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Primary Care Physicians Can Be Critical Resource for Abused Women in Rural Areas

(Science Daily) Many primary care physicians in rural communities do not routinely screen women for intimate partner violence (IPV), according to Penn State medical and public health researchers. Rural women who are exposed to such violence have limited resources if they seek help.
"Rural health care providers are uniquely positioned to help women," said Jennifer S. McCall-Hosenfeld, a primary care physician and assistant professor of medicine and public health sciences, Penn State College of Medicine. "However, in rural settings, it might be even more important for physicians to step in, because there are few places for women experiencing IPV to turn. The physicians are in a good position to help, and may be the only option for rural women."
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Are Your Medical Records Vulnerable To Theft?

(Kaiser Health News) As more doctors and hospitals go digital with medical records, the size and frequency of data breaches are alarming privacy advocates and public health officials. Although health care providers face serious penalties if they allow patients' electronic records to be breached, thieves also have tremendous incentives to get around protections because health records contain so much valuable information.
Privacy experts argue the health industry has been slow to respond to such incidents by adopting the encryption techniques used for years by financial companies.
In the recent breach of Community Health System, a hospital chain based in Franklin, Tenn., Chinese hackers bypassed the hospitals’ security systems and stole personal data, including names, Social Security numbers and addresses of 4.5 million patients. Community Health said it would offer identity theft protection to affected patients and carried cyber insurance to mitigate some of its losses.
This video from the federal Health and Human Services department's Office of Civil Rights explains some of the protections currently in place, as does as this fact sheet. The Federal Trade Commission offers this advice on preventing identity theft and protecting digital personal information.
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As more hospices enroll patients who aren't dying, questions about lethal doses arise

(Washington Post) The hospice industry in the United States is booming and for good reason, many experts say. Hospice care can offer terminally ill patients a far better way to live out their dying days, and many vouch for its value.
But the boom has been accompanied by what appears to be a surge in hospices enrolling patients who aren’t close to death, and at least in some cases, this practice can expose the patients to the more powerful pain-killers that are routinely used by hospice providers. Hospices see higher revenues by recruiting new patients and profit more when they are not near death.
There are no statistics on how often such abuses may be occurring. But complaints from around the country illustrate the potential dangers of enrolling patients in hospice even though they are not near death, the families involved say.
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Daughters provide twice as much care for aging parents than sons do, study finds

(Washington Post) Women step up to provide care for their aging parents more than twice as often as men, a new study has found.
The new research found that in families with children of both sexes, the gender of the child is the single biggest factor in determining who will provide care for the aging parent: Daughters will increase the time they spend with an elderly parent to compensate for sons who reduce theirs, effectively ceding the responsibility to their sisters.
By foisting most of their care-giving duties onto women, men also shift the physical and mental stress of providing care, as well as the financial burden, the study’s author said.
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Health Insurance News

(Huffington Post) Actual prices won't be available in most states until the exchanges open Nov. 15, or shortly before that, so consumers are left to sort through political spin and preliminary reports that don't make things any clearer. So what's going on? First, most people will pay more for health insurance next year. ... The good news is that available information indicates the doomsayers were wrong, and premiums under President Barack Obama's health care law aren't going through the roof.
(Kaiser Health News) Several experts, however, credited the exchange with one big win: Creating more options for shoppers.
(The Oregonian) Federal officials have thrown a wrench into the state's high-stakes reforms to the Oregon Health Plan, threatening a program that serves one in four Oregonians. A new directive could eventually even force the state to return hundreds of millions of dollars received from the federal government -- money that's already largely spent. The federal agency that holds the purse strings for care of nearly 1 million low-income Oregon Health Plan members recently harshly criticized the state's system for distributing money to regional coordinated care organizations under the reforms.
(AP) Only about one-third of Medicaid recipients transitioning into managed care statewide chose their own health insurance plans. Enrollment for the general population started in May and ended in August. Consumers received a letter in the mail two months before enrollment and were given at least 30 days to choose an insurance plan. Those who did not choose a plan were automatically enrolled into a plan by state health officials.
(The New Old Age, New York Times) [I]n its first few years, national data shows, Part D did help elderly Medicare beneficiaries make modest progress. Out-of-pocket costs decreased. Better able to afford their medications, seniors were less likely to stop taking them for financial reasons. And they were less likely to do without other basic needs — like food and heat — in order to pay for drugs… [Now] researchers … report … those downward trends took a U-turn in 2009. "Things improved after Part D, continued to improve for a few years, and then reversed," [researcher Jeanne Madden] said in an interview.
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Treating Pain by Blocking the 'Chili-Pepper Receptor'

(Science Daily) As anyone who has bitten into a chili pepper knows, its burning spiciness -- though irresistible to some -- is intolerable to others. Scientists exploring the chili pepper's effect are using their findings to develop a new drug candidate for many kinds of pain, which can be caused by inflammation or other problems…
Laykea Tafesse and colleagues explain that decades ago, scientists had pegged a compound called capsaicin as the active ingredient in chili peppers that causes fiery pain. In the 1990s, researchers were able to sequence the genetic sequence for the protein "receptor" that capsaicin attaches to in the body. The receptor is a protein on cells that acts as a gate, allowing only certain substances into a cell.
The advance launched a hunt for compounds that can block this gate, cut off the pain signal and potentially treat pain that current drugs are no match for. Some of the molecules resulting from this search have been tested in people but cause unwanted side effects, or they wouldn't work well as oral medication. Tafesse's team wanted to explore variations on this theme to find a better drug candidate.
They produced more than two dozen similar compounds, each with its own unique molecular tweak. They tested them in the lab and in animals for the traits they were looking for, such as potency, safety, the ability to dissolve in water and whether they can be taken orally. One prospect showed the most promise, and it has advanced into clinical trials.
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Pain is a bigger problem for people who think life isn’t fair

(Reuters Health) People who tend to blame others for their suffering and think setbacks in their lives are irreparable tend to report more pain after knee replacement surgery, according to a new study.
This is not the first time feelings of personal injustice have been tied to longer recovery times and increased disability after injury, the authors write.
“Pain is a complex phenomenon that is influenced by biological, social, and psychological factors,” said lead author Esther Yakobov, a doctoral student in clinical psychology at McGill University in Montreal.
“Studies conducted with patients who suffer from chronic pain because of an injury demonstrated that individuals who judge their experience as unfair, focus on their losses, and blame others for their painful condition also tend to experience more pain and recover from their injuries slower than individuals who do not,” she told Reuters Health by email.
But those studies had been with victims of injuries, where externalizing blame is a bit easier than for degenerative conditions like osteoarthritis, she noted.
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Fight to Find Out What is Causing Your Fibromyalgia

(Suzy Cohen, “America's Pharmacist”) The cause of muscle pain varies greatly from person to person. Try not to concern yourself too much with the name of your disease or your “diagnosis” because the labels you take on as an identity make it harder for you to overcome.  Just think in terms of having symptoms, rather than diseases, it’s more pleasant.
The following are some known causes for muscle pain and if you can find out the cause you can address it. With the help of a conscientious practitioner and state-of-the-art blood tests, find out if you have:
Infections- Pathogens known as EBV, CMV and HSV are known to hide in the body and cause muscle pain…
Magnesium deficiency…
Selenium deficiency…
CoQ10 deficiency…
Substance P- This is something you make and when it’s too high, you feel more pain…
Hormone imbalances- Without a doubt, Hashimoto’s, Graves’ disease, low thyroid (hypothyriodism) or being what I call “thyroid sick” will lead to muscle pain…
Dysbiosis- This is a problem in the GI tract… Dysbiosis commonly leads to muscle pain.
Community: And there’s this:
(University of Florida) A University of Florida study published in the July issue of the European Journal of Pain has found that injections of the painkiller lidocaine in peripheral tissues such as muscles in the shoulders or buttocks reduced hyperalgesia, bringing researchers one step closer to understanding how chronic pain works within these patients.
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Understanding Headache Types is Key to Treatment

(Mayo Clinic) We have all experienced the annoying, relentless and throbbing pain associated with a headache. They can slow us down or even bring us to a complete stop. However, did you know that there are several different types of headaches, and knowing the type you've got can be the first step in effectively treating it?
Mayo Clinic Health System nurse practitioner Erin Pokorny takes a look at different types of headaches and shares what you can do to fight them.
·         Tension-type headaches: These are considered to be the most common types of headaches. They are often described as dull and achy and are often brought on by stress, neck pain, missing meals and a variety of other things.
Treatment options: Tension-type headaches can often be treated by over-the-counter medication, such as aspirin, ibuprofen or acetaminophen. You may also want to try alternative treatments including meditationrelaxation training and massage.
·         Migraines: We've all heard about migraines, and we know that they’re not to be taken lightly. The pain associated with migraines is often described as throbbing and severe. Migraines are often associated with nausea, vomiting or increased sensitivity to light and sound. Pain may worsen with increased activity. Untreated, migraines can typically last anywhere from 4 to 72 hours.
Treatment options: If you know the triggers for your migraines, make sure to avoid these known causes. Over-the-counter medication can help. Other treatment options include prescription medications; rest in a quiet, dark room; or a hot/cold compress to the head or neck.
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More Information and Recent Research on Pain and Pain Relief

(U.S. News & World Report) Pain doesn't have to dominate your every thought and move.
(LiveScience) According to the National Institutes of Health, there is no convincing scientific evidence that magnets can relieve pain.
(Science Daily) It is possible to relieve pain hypersensitivity using a new method that involves rekindling pain so that it can subsequently be erased, a study by two neuroscientists shows… The scientists were inspired by previous work on memory conducted some fifteen years ago. These studies had revealed that when a memory is reactivated during recall, its neurochemical encoding is temporarily unlocked.
(Sharecare.com) Add these to a healthy diet to help prevent and soothe joint pain… Salmon… Tart Cherry Juice… Strawberries… Nuts and Seeds… Vitamin D-fortified foods… Sweet Potatoes… Celery… Onions and Garlic… Avocados… Bell Peppers.
(Sharecare.com) Want to minimize pain and inflammation? Banish these foods from your diet. Salt… Dairy… Gluten… High-Purine Foods… found in organ meats like liver, kidneys and sweetbreads, as well as meat-based broth and gravy [,] fish and shellfish… Alcohol… Sugar… Corn Oil.
(MedPage Today) A plant-based diet may help relieve diabetic nerve pain, according to a randomized trial… In the 15-patient DINE study, patients with type 2 diabetes and diabetic neuropathy who were randomized to a vegan diet and B12 supplementation had greater improvement in pain scores than those who only took the vitamin, according to Anne Bunner, PhD, and Caroline Trapp, MSN, of the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine.
(Reader’s Digest) Fill up on these nutritious whole foods to nourish your body, stop pain, and ease painful inflammation. Olive oil… Pineapple… Apples… Nuts and seeds… Spinach… Dark chocolate… Brown rice… Grapes… Oranges… Cherries… Cranberry juice… Onions and garlic… Green and black tea… Broccoli… Fish… Soy protein.
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Peach and Gorgonzola Chicken Pizza
Ditch the tomato sauce and give pizza a makeover by topping with chicken, fresh peach slices and Gorgonzola cheese. A drizzle of tangy balsamic reduction provides the perfect balance to the sweet summer fruit.
Honey-Mustard Turkey Cutlets & Potatoes
Potatoes, leeks and turkey burst with intense flavor when roasted with honey, mustard and curry. Serve with: Steamed snow peas and carrots and a glass of white wine.
Washington Post:
Cooking Light:
Andrew Weil, M.D.:
French Bean Salad
Here’s a variation of a dish my mother used to make when I was growing up in Oregon, with a vegetarian Caesar dressing created by Andy’s daughter, Diana. Talk about a collaboration! As always, freshness and seasonality are the keys to the success of this dish. It’s best when made a few hours in advance and served chilled. Diana first used this dressing on vegetarian Caesar salad. Try it tossed with romaine leaves, croutons, and some Parmigiano-Reggiano shavings. (True Food chef, Michael Stebner)
Food as Medicine
Along with abundant anti-inflammatory flavonoids including quercetin and kaemferol, green beans are good sources of the mineral silicon. While not as widely known as other nutritive minerals, silicon is essential for strong bones and healthy connective tissue. Keeping cooking times brief … helps to preserve nutrient levels.
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Food News

(Andrew Weil, M.D.) In addition to their crunchy texture and pleasantly mild taste, green beans are a good source of vitamins K, C, A and manganese, as well as fiber. Adding green beans to your daily fare can help to: 1. Promote strong bones. 2. Protect against heart disease. 3. Prevent colon cancer. Green beans also have anti-inflammatory effects and support immune health.
(Sharecare.com) There are a lot of reasons to take red meat off the menu—saturated fat anyone? But if you plan to indulge, Michael Roizen, MD, has four strategies that can make your grilled beef healthier. Learn what they are in this video.
(Sharecare.com) Need to lower your cholesterol? Cut back on added sugar. A recent study showed that too much added sugar in your diet could contribute to high cholesterol levels. In this video, Barbara Ficarra, RN, explains the connection [between] sugar and choleste[rol.]
(Cynthia Sass, MPH, RD) [A] sandwich can either be a well rounded combo of nutrient-rich ingredients, or a downright dietary disaster. Here are nine of the best and worst fillings to consider, along with a few tips to prevent sandwich calorie overkill. Best: Avocado… Hummus… Basil… Onions… Vinegar… Worst: White bread… Processed meat… Ranch Dressing… Imitation cheese.
(Sharecare.com) If you like coffee and red wine, you're going to like this: Both drinks may help keep dementia and Alzheimer's disease away. In this video, Barbara Ficarra, RN, explains the substance in both that protects our brains.
(The Supermarket Guru) The produce department is so vital to winning store selection, generating trips, putting shoppers in a buying mood, and positioning a banner as a health and wellness destination… So why do so many supermarkets weaken this impact by cross-merchandising too aggressively? Merchants may think they do no harm with 10-foot sets of salad dressings, or opportunistic displays of croutons, shortcake, whipped cream and other processed foods in certain seasons. Yet these tactics, which were clever years ago, are overdone today. Consumers overwhelmingly want to eat healthier and focus on selecting the best available produce without distraction.
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The dilemma of eating locally-sourced foods

(Keith-Thomas Ayoob, EDD, RD) In my pediatric nutrition practice, I often preach about getting more fruits and vegetables into the diets of the children I see…
A recent experience I had at a local farmers’ market really got me thinking about how difficult it is for some of my patients to practice what I’m preaching…
I picked up two pint-sized baskets of strawberries, along with three ripe tomatoes and four ears of corn. I’d purposely avoided buying corn at the local greengrocer because I’d heard that local farmers were selling it here.
As the cashier tallied my purchases, I strained to take in the final tab. “That’ll be $15.50,” she said cheerfully. I was floored. I knew there might be some difference in price between this and what my neighborhood supermarket charged, but I never expected that much of a difference. How much of a difference? On the way home, I did a price check at the local supermarket and the same items came to only $6.50. Much less than half the price.
My shopping trip highlights the dilemma eating locally can sometimes pose. It’s better for the planet and it’s supposed to give us food that’s fresher and tastes better (though not always; the corn I bought had seen better days), but if it’s more than twice as expensive as the stuff that comes from farther away, how can people — especially those on a low or fixed income — afford to support local farmers?
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