A community for people who want to remain as healthy as possible as we age.

Happiest Travelers Ride Bicycles

(Medical Daily) In a newly published study, researchers from Clemson University of South Carolina investigated how moods and emotions, including happiness, stress, and sadness, vary depending on a traveler’s mode of transportation and discovered that it’s biking that makes people happiest.
To conduct their survey, the researchers combed through data from the American Time Use Survey, which is gathered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and includes the responses of over 13,000 people who recorded their moods during randomly selected activities. After analysis, the researchers were able to determine the average mood felt by people during different types of travel.
Overall, travel has only a “small total impact on how we feel,” the researchers found, compared to other influences. That said, one group of travelers stand out. "We found that people are in the best mood while they are bicycling compared to any other mode of transportation," said Dr. Eric Morris, lead author.
Community: Getting paid to be happier:
(Reuters) France has started a six-month experiment with paying people to cycle to work, joining other European governments in trying to boost bicycle use to boost people's health, reduce air pollution and cut fossil fuel consumption.
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Seniors Who Exercise Regularly Experience Less Physical Decline as They Age

(Science Daily) The majority of adults aged 65 and older remains inactive and fails to meet recommended physical activity guidelines, previous research has shown. However, these studies have not represented elders living in retirement communities who may have more access to recreational activities and exercise equipment. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri found that older adults in retirement communities who reported more exercise experienced less physical decline than their peers who reported less exercise, although many adults -- even those who exercised -- did not complete muscle-strengthening exercises, which are another defense against physical decline.
"Physical decline is natural in this age group, but we found that people who exercised more declined less," said Lorraine Phillips, an associate professor in the MU Sinclair School of Nursing. "The most popular physical activities the residents of the retirement community reported doing were light housework and walking, both of which are easily integrated into individuals' daily lives, but these exercises are not the best choices for maintaining muscle strength."…
Phillips says the national recommendations for exercise include muscle strengthening exercises, such as knee extensions and bicep curls. Most of the study participants did not report completing these types of activities despite daily opportunities for recreational activities and access to exercise equipment. Phillips says muscle strength is important to individuals of this age group in order for them to maintain their ability to conduct everyday activities such as opening jars, standing up from chairs and supporting their own bodyweight…
To combat the lack of physical activity among seniors, Phillips says health care providers should discuss exercise programs with their patients and share the possible risks associated with their lack of exercise, such as losing their ability to live independently.
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Social dancing can be a lift and a turnaround

(Los Angeles Times) Far older than most of the regulars at his weekly South Bay swing-dancing class, the World War II veteran invariably shuffles in, sidles up to his instructor and unwittingly gives voice to a scientific truth: "I'm here for my anti-aging therapy and happiness treatment."
Dancing has long been lauded as a great physical workout, yet research has increasingly shown that social dancing, such as swing, a lively, improvisational style that requires rapid-fire decision-making in concert with a partner, is also beneficial to both mind and spirit.
Doctors have prescribed her dance classes for patients dealing with depression, and many students have recovered from "horrible divorces" while learning the free-spirited Lindy Hop or the jive on her dance floor, says Rusty Frank, who has taught swing dancing since 1988 at her Lindy by the Sea school in El Segundo.
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Build a Realistic Summer Fitness Routine

(SouthBeachDiet.com) Summer can be a mixed blessing when it comes to achieving your fitness goals. It stays light later in the evening so you have more time to fit in fitness, there’s a wealth of fun activities to choose from, and it’s easy and pleasurable to get in lots of extra walking and biking. On the downside, the heat can make you just want to lie in a hammock until fall. A vacation feels like a great excuse to skip exercise entirely. And let’s face it, lounging poolside sure is a lot easier than doing laps!
Want this to be the summer you get into shape once and for all? Here’s how to kick off the summer season exercise wise.
Establish goals…
Shake up your exercise routine…
Take the weather into consideration…
Don’t go it alone…
Don’t let a day off derail your goals…
Celebrate your accomplishments.
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Exercise as Medicine

(Lauren Kessler, Counterclockwise) Say the folks at the National Institutes of Health: “People who exercise not only live longer; they live better.”… Reviewing more than forty studies on the benefits of exercise, researchers … concluded that regular exercise helps prevent more than 25 diseases and health conditions later in life. Among them are the diseases that rob us of vitality and youth — not to mention years: heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure. So really…you need another reason to get up and move?...
Adults who exercise can halt or reverse “natural” “age-related” shrinkage of the brain. Exercise promotes more gray matter in the hippocampus region, which correlates with improved cognitive abilities and memory.
(Huffington Post) With a regular exercise routine you'll... Sleep better… Keep your brain sharp… Lower your diabetes risk… Lower your resting heart rate… Ease restless legs syndrome… Protect your eyes… Have fewer migraine headaches… Strengthen your bones… Get sick less… Decrease your cancer risk… Ease depression symptoms… Lower your blood pressure… Reduce your risk of stroke… Lessen the effects of a predisposition for obesity… Prevent weight gain.
(TIME) You know that vigorous exercise burns fat and builds muscle (and it may even help fight cravings)—and now you might be able to add “fight the flu” to its list of accomplishments, according to research.
(Science World Report) Exercise is a great way to benefit your overall health. It can help you lose weight, keep weight off and decrease your risk for certain cardiovascular issues. And have we mentioned how good staying fit looks? A recent study shows that not only will regular exercise extend life expectancy, but it's also likely to reverse signs of the aging process commonly seen in your skin.
(LiveScience) Women who lose weight by exercising and eating better may reduce their risk of breast cancer more than women who lose the same amount of weight through diet alone, researchers say.
(LiveScience) Exercising and dietary factors, such as eating less red meat and more vegetables and fish, have been linked to a lower risk of developing colon cancer. However, it's less clear whether such factors also play a role in preventing cancer reoccurrence.
More . . .

More Information and Recent Research on Exercise and Fitness

(Los Angeles Times) Here are some ideas for a more sustainable workout — for you and, perhaps, the planet. 1. Walk. No equipment, no driving, no gym. If you're more ambitious, run. 2. No more disposable water bottles. Or paper towels. 3. Go old-school, with push-ups, jumping jacks and other exercises or yoga routines you can do at home. 4. Try grown-up playgrounds. Some city parks have "fitness zones," with outdoor gym equipment… 5. Whatever you do, do it outdoors. You'll consume less energy — whether or not you use more.
(LiveScience) If seasonal allergies are getting in the way of spending time in the great outdoors, here are some tips from experts that may help.
(The Frugal Shopper, U.S. News & World Report) With a pair of shoes and a road or a trail for walking or running, anyone can get active without spending a penny on a fitness class, a treadmill or a gym membership.  Raising your heart rate does not have to lower the amount in your bank account. And unlike gyms, roads and trails are open all hours of the day, each day of the week without a limitation on use of cardio equipment, not to mention the absence of fees.
(SouthBeachDiet.com) Exercise boosts brainpower, builds muscle, burns calories, helps protect against cancer, relieves stress, and even helps prevent the common cold… Here are some creative, fun, and easy ways to move more at home and at the office: A timed superclean… Kitchen workout… Office mini-moves. You can also work more movement into your life by walking up the stairs instead of taking the elevator, and walking or biking to your destination instead of driving or taking public transportation.
These actions won’t replace a really good interval-training session or core workout, but over time they will help you burn calories, build muscle, and get out of the sitting habit. And when integrated into your day, they will certainly make you feel better. For more information on how to incorporate exercise into your daily routine and for other creative ways to work out, check out Dr. Agatston’s book The South Beach Diet Wake-Up Call, which is available wherever books are sold. [Please don’t buy the book from Amazon.]
(Reader’s Digest) Want to keep your arteries clear and your heart beating strong? Integrative cardiologist Joel K. Kahn, MD, coaches his patients to adopt easy exercise routines with these motivating tricks. First, stop telling me you have no time to exercise… Take a 5-minute walk… Never fast-forward through a commercial… De-motorvate your life… Don’t take waiting sitting down… Get a pedometer… Move in the morning… Don’t throw in the towel if you miss a workout, or a week.
(Michael Roizen, MD, and Mehmet Oz, MD) [T]he way to cure sitting disease is simple: Wake up your muscles (especially the big ones in your legs, butt and core) with just two minutes of movement every 30 minutes!... Set a timer. Use the alarm clock on your phone to remind you it’s time to rise up… Take a quick walk. Head to the bathroom, water cooler, grab a cup of Joe, or meet a coworker to discuss a work issue… March in place… Stand up, sit down, repeat… Just stand up. Your body works 30 percent harder when you’re on your feet… At home: Take a commercial break. Primetime’s 14-21 minutes of advertisements every hour give you plenty of time to move around without missing a minute of your favorite shows.
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Chicken Tacos
Your family will thank you when these chicken tacos hit the table. We left the seeds in the jalapeño for a spicy kick; omit them if you prefer a mild salsa.
Moroccan Vegetable Soup (Chorba)
Hearty with chunks of beef or lamb, plenty of vegetables and a bit of pasta, this Moroccan soup gets its rich, golden-orange color from turmeric.
Cooking Light:
Ultimate Summer Cookbook
Check out our Ultimate Summer Cookbook—your source for seasonal cooking: drinks, appetizers, entrées, salads, and desserts.
The Supermarket Guru:
Steal This Recipe® Pizza Quattro Stagioni
In Chicago they're ordering pizza sunny side up these days, since Chef Massimo Salatino of Mia Francesca Restaurant has presented the original recipe from founder and owner, Scott Harris of Pizza Quattro Stagioni, or "Four Seasons", which brings together the flavors from each season of year.
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Food News

(FastCompany) As countries become richer, they tend to drift towards eating more meat and processed food. That means the planet not only has to produce more beef and chicken, it also has to produce more food to feed the beef and chicken--a double whammy. Livestock animals need 30 calories of feed for every one calorie they return in edible food--an inefficient form of calorie provision.
(The Salt, NPR) With so many studies linking Americans' collective sweet tooth to diseases including Type 2 diabetes, heart disease and obesity, there's a lot of talk about policies to nudge consumers to consume less sugar. A new study … concludes that a tax on sodas and other sugary beverages could be the way to go. Specifically, the authors argue that taxing by the calorie would prompt consumers to cut back. The authors calculated that a .04 cent-per-calorie tax — equivalent to a 6-cent tax per 12-ounce can of Coke or Pepsi — would lead consumers to consume about 5,800 fewer calories from sugary drinks per year.
(Reuters) Fighting obesity by taxing sugary drinks and restricting junk food advertisements aimed at children has support from a wide majority of residents surveyed in a Southern California public health study released on Thursday. The findings from the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health come as friction mounts between the beverage industry and health advocates over the best way to fight obesity and diabetes, tied by studies to over-consumption of soda, sweets and junk food.
(Dr. Mary Bassett) This week, New York City and the beverage industry squared off in the state's highest court over the proposed portion cap on soda and other sugary beverages. I wholeheartedly support this proposal, as health commissioner, as a physician, as a mother and as a New Yorker who has seen more and more neighbors fall victim to obesity and the deadly illnesses it causes.
(Appetite for Health) Summer is the perfect time to get the most craveable fruits, whether it’s from the grocery store or farmers market. Fresh fruit is a perfect guilt-free option to keep you swimsuit-ready all summer long. What’s more, these five fruits have big nutrition and health payoffs. Here’s a look at summer’s best picks: Blueberries… Strawberries… Blackberries… Mango… Cherries.
(Andrew Weil, M.D.) Vegetables (and fruits) are the foundation of my Anti-Inflammatory Food Pyramid, and for good reason - fresh produce is the best source of natural nutrients that can help keep your entire body running smoothly. I recommend every healthy kitchen have the following versatile and flavorful favorites on hand: Onions… Garlic… Spinach… Cabbage… Sweet potatoes.
(Andrew Weil, M.D.) I recommend keeping your kitchen stocked with each of these as it comes into season: Beets… Squash… Tomatoes… Broccoli… Mushrooms.
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The Latest from The People’s Pharmacy

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Viagra Frisky Might Be Melanoma Risky

(MedPage Today) Men who used the erectile-function drug sildenafil (Viagra) had almost twice the risk of melanoma compared with men who never used the drug, a study of 26,000 men showed.
Recent sildenafil use was associated with an 84% greater risk of melanoma. Use of the drug had no association with the risk of nonmelanoma skin cancers, according to Jiali Han, PhD, of the Indiana University School of Public Health in Indianapolis, and co-authors. Moreover, erectile function per se did not correlate with melanoma risk, they reported…
"Our study cannot prove cause and effect," the authors concluded. "A longer follow-up and more detailed assessment of the dose and frequency of sildenafil use at multiple times in the [study cohort] would be necessary for future studies."
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Fight Over 'Little Pink Pill' Raises Sexism Questions

(ABC News) The drug Flibanserin is locked in a heated battle for approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, raising controversial questions about why there are so many sexual enhancement drugs available for men and zero for women.
Cindy Whitehead, the founder and COO of Sprout Pharmaceuticals, a Raleigh, North Carolina-based company focused on producing only Flibanserin, has been fighting for FDA approval for the drug for three years.
“There are 25 approved drugs for some form of male sexual dysfunction, but still a great big zero for the most common form of FSD [female sexual dysfunction],” Whitehead said. “No matter how or why we got here, we're here, and we've got to come up with a solution for it.”
Flibanserin is more than curing a weak libido. It’s specifically for treating Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder, or HSDD. Gynecologist and sexual health crusader Dr. Lauren Streicher explained that HSDD goes much deeper than just a low sex drive.
“[HSDD] is a very specific problem in a woman who doesn’t think about sex, she doesn’t fantasize, she doesn’t desire sex,” Streicher said. “What makes it different is that it’s distressing to her. This has a negative impact on her. She’s worried about it, she’s frustrated.”
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How Marijuana Affects Health

(LiveScience) Many people think that smoking pot is harmless, but there's good evidence that the drug has at least some negative effects on health, a new review says.
Some people who smoke marijuana can become addicted, and use of the drug in the teen years has been linked with abnormalities in certain brain areas important for learning and memory, the review said. And even the immediate short-term effects of the marijuana, such as impaired thinking and coordination, can have consequences, including difficulty in learning in school and an increased risk of car accidents, the review said.
Regular marijuana smokers are also more likely than nonsmokers to have symptoms of chronic bronchitis, such as daily cough and phlegm production.
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Single Dose of Antibiotic Found Effective in Quelling MRSA

(New York Times) A single infusion of an antibiotic can clear serious bacterial skin infections — including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA — just as effectively as the 10-day regimen now used to treat patients, researchers reported Wednesday.
Many patients do not finish the complicated treatment for these infections, which requires two infusions of antibiotics daily, often in a hospital. Such incomplete treatments may breed resistance to antibiotics in surviving bacteria. A single-dose therapy may make it easier to treat these dangerous infections, said the authors of the new study…
The study was led by researchers at Duke University and designed and funded by the Medicines Company, the maker of the antibiotic, oritavancin. The drug, to be sold as Orbactiv, may be approved by the Food and Drug Administration as early as August under a special fast-track process, the company said.
“This is a bit of a light at the end of a dismal tunnel in the development of new antibiotics,” said Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease specialist at Vanderbilt University, who was not involved in the new study.
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Antibiotic Resistance Revitalizes Century-Old Virus Therapy

(Scientific American) For decades, patients behind the Iron Curtain were denied access to some of the best antibiotics developed in the West. To make do, the Soviet Union invested heavily in the use of bacteriophages — viruses that kill bacteria — to treat infections. Phage therapy is still widely used in Russia, Georgia and Poland, but never took off elsewhere. “This is a virus, and people are afraid of viruses,” says Mzia Kutateladze, who is the head of the scientific council at the Eliava Institute in Tbilisi, which has been studying phages and using them to treat patients for nearly a century.
Now, faced with the looming spectre of antibiotic resistance, Western researchers and governments are giving phages a serious look…
Finding a phage for a bacterial target is relatively easy, [virologist Ryland] Young says. Nature provides an almost inexhaustible supply: no two identical phages have ever been found. As a bacterium becomes resistant to one phage — by shedding the receptor on the cell surface that the virus uses to enter — the Eliava Institute researchers simply add more phages to the viral cocktails that patients receive.
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Confirmed case of mad-cow disease in Texas involved person who traveled extensively

(UPI) Health officials in Texas said Thursday tests confirmed a diagnosis of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease -- mad-cow disease -- in a patient who recently died. "There are no Texas public health concerns or threats associated with this case," the Texas Department of State Health Services, said in a statement.
Variant CJD is believed to be caused by consumption of products from cows with the disease bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE...
"In each of the three previous (U.S.) cases, infection likely occurred outside the United States, including Britain and Saudi Arabia," the CDC said. "The history of this fourth patient, including extensive travel to Europe and the Middle East, supports the likelihood that infection occurred outside the United States."
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Big NIH Bucks Allotted to Fall Prevention

(MedPage Today) The National Institute on Aging (NIA) will spend $30 million for a 5-year, multicenter clinical trial to search for the best ways to keep seniors on their feet.
The trial itself won't start for another year or more, but pilot testing and procedure tweaking through comparative effectiveness research will begin immediately, with an initial installment of $7.6 million officially awarded on June 1.
In partnership with the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), and under the funding umbrella of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the NIA will develop intervention strategies to reduce falls through an integrated approach.
"Every year, roughly one-third of individuals ages 65 and older experiences a fall, and every 29 minutes an older adult dies from a fall. These are staggering statistics," Bryan Luce, PhD, MBA, PCORI's chief science officer, said at a press conference.
This randomized trial will incorporate partners from 10 different clinical sites across the U.S. Roughly 6,000 patients, ages 75 and older, will be recruited from primary care practices based on assessments of fall risk.
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McConnell plans Senate effort to preempt EPA carbon crackdown

(Reuters) Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell on Tuesday introduced a bill that would try to block newly proposed government regulations that seek to curb carbon emissions from U.S. power plants.
McConnell, a Republican who represents Kentucky - a major coal-producing state which is also reliant on coal for electricity generation - faces a tight re-election battle in November's elections and has been campaigning on a promise to protect the state's ailing coal sector.
He launched the legislation on the Senate floor, saying it would block the Environmental Protection Agency's rules unless proof was provided that the regulations will not threaten electric reliability, raise electricity prices or cost jobs.
Community: Right wingers claim that any attempt to reduce global climate change is detrimental to the economy. However, the economic devastation that will accompany unchecked climate change just hasn’t hit us yet, as it has some islands:
(Reuters) Global warming is causing trillions of dollars of damage to coral reefs, aggravating risks to tropical small island states threatened by rising sea levels, a U.N. report said on Thursday… The study, released to mark the U.N.'s World Environment Day on June 5, said a warming of waters from the Indian Ocean to the Caribbean was damaging reefs by killing the tiny animals that form corals with their stony skeletons.
Not to mention the health devastation that pollution causes:
(Science Daily) Air pollution is linked to an increased risk of developing an irregular heartbeat -- a risk factor for stroke -- and blood clots in the lung, finds a large study. The evidence suggests that high levels of certain air pollutants are associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular problems, but exactly how this association works has not been clarified.
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Health Insurance News

(Politico) Medicaid enrollment is surging, but states shunning Obamacare’s huge Medicaid expansion are getting left behind, according to data released Wednesday by HHS… The 6 million total came overwhelmingly from 25 states that had expanded their Medicaid programs under the health care law by April. Those states saw a 15 percent surge in sign-ups — led by Oregon, West Virginia and Nevada, where Medicaid rolls climbed more than 40 percent. States rejecting expansion saw a modest 3.3 percent increase, an average that includes substantial decreases in Wyoming, Missouri and Alabama.
(Kaiser Health News) While a growing number of states are contracting with managed care companies to manage their Medicaid programs, there are still questions about cost savings and quality.
(MedPage Today) Higher Medicaid reimbursement for surgeons was associated with shorter wait times for breast cancer surgery, researchers said.
(CQ Healthbeat, via Kaiser Health News) Low-income people who get federal assistance to help pay insurance co-pays and deductibles should check to see whether insurers are lowering costs for all kinds of care, according to an analysis by Avalere Health that was released Tuesday. The health care law provides financial help to people who buy insurance in the new health law marketplaces if their income is less than 250 percent of the federal poverty line. The extra help with cost-sharing is available for a single person with income between $11,670 and $29,175 in 2014. But the Avalere analysis shows that many health insurance plans do not lower cost-sharing for treatments such as specialty drugs.
(Wall Street Journal) Five states that launched health exchanges under the Affordable Care Act expect to spend as much as $240 million to fix their sites or switch to the federal marketplace, a Wall Street Journal analysis shows. Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada and Oregon estimate the money will be needed to fix problems with troubled marketplaces or to join the federal exchange before the next enrollment period in November, according to an analysis of data provided by the state exchanges. Funds may come from the states, remaining federal grants and new federal requests.
(Reuters) The Obama administration is revamping the health insurance marketplace HealthCare.gov and removing significant parts from it to ensure that glitches on the site do not return, the Wall Street Journal reported, citing presentations to health insurers and interviews with government officials and contractors.
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Cynicism Linked to Dementia, Study Finds

(Newsweek) Over the years, the definition of cynicism has shifted dramatically—from an ascetic school of philosophy in ancient Greece (spelled with a capital “C”) to, today, a distrust of others for being selfishly motivated. What hasn’t changed so much about cynicism is its association with mental decline.
For example, the best-known Cynic of the Classical Greece era, one Diogenes of Sinope, slept in an empty wine barrel, masturbated in public and urinated on critics. (Diogenes syndrome now refers to “an older adult living in squalor,” according to the British Medical Journal.) And then there’s philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, who at 44 had a nervous breakdown that eventually led to his dementia and death. While deeply influenced by the Cynics, much of Nietzsche’s writing is arguably closer to today’s concept of cynicism—distrust in social systems and, by extension, the people who partake in them.
Researchers now think there might be a direct link between this attitude and mental decline, beyond these historical examples: People with high levels of “cynical distrust,” which they define as “the belief that others are mainly motivated by selfish concerns,” are more likely to develop dementia, according to a study.
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize cognitive decline.
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Speaking two languages benefits the aging brain

(Wiley) New research reveals that bilingualism has a positive effect on cognition later in life. Findings … show that individuals who speak two or more languages, even those who acquired the second language in adulthood, may slow down cognitive decline from aging.
Bilingualism is thought to improve cognition and delay dementia in older adults. While prior research has investigated the impact of learning more than one language, ruling out "reverse causality" has proven difficult. The crucial question is whether people improve their cognitive functions through learning new languages or whether those with better baseline cognitive functions are more likely to become bilingual.
"Our study is the first to examine whether learning a second language impacts cognitive performance later in life while controlling for childhood intelligence," says lead author Dr. Thomas Bak.
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize cognitive decline.
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Sleepless nights raise brain levels of Alzheimer’s protein: study

(Reuters Health) After a night of no sleep, even a healthy brain has higher than normal levels of the protein that forms the signature tangles in Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study from the Netherlands.
“We think normal healthy sleep helps reduce the amount of (amyloid) beta in the brain and if your sleep is disturbed this decrease is prevented,” said the study’s senior author Dr. Jurgen Claassen, from Radboud University Medical Center in Nijmegen.
In people who repeatedly fail to get a good night's sleep, the amyloid-beta concentration may build up and could be one factor in the development of Alzheimer’s disease, he said.
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize cognitive decline.
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New Amyloid-Reducing Compound Could Be a Preventive Measure Against Alzheimer's

(Science Daily) Scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center have identified a compound, called 2-PMAP, in animal studies that reduced by more than half levels of amyloid proteins in the brain associated with Alzheimer's disease. The researchers hope that someday a treatment based on the molecule could be used to ward off the neurodegenerative disease since it may be safe enough to be taken daily over many years.
"What we want in an Alzheimer's preventive is a drug that modestly lowers amyloid beta and is also safe for long term use," says Martin J. Sadowski, MD, PhD…, who led the research… "Statin drugs that lower cholesterol appear to have those properties and have made a big impact in preventing coronary artery disease. That's essentially what many of us envision for the future of Alzheimer's medicine."
The 2-PMAP molecule that Dr. Sadowski's team identified is non-toxic in mice, gets easily into the brain, and lowers the production of amyloid beta and associated amyloid deposits.
The prime target for Alzheimer's prevention is amyloid beta. Decades before dementia begins, this small protein accumulates in clumps in the brain. Modestly lowering the production of amyloid beta in late middle age, and thus removing some of the burden from the brain's natural clearance mechanisms, is believed to be a good prevention strategy. 
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize cognitive decline.
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More Information and Recent Research on Neurodegenerative Disease

(Sharecare.com) A regular diet of healthy protein from fish can mean a significantly lower risk of dementia later in life. In this video, Barbara Ficarra explains how eating fish can make you 20 percent less likely to be diagnosed with dementia.
(UPI) Older adults with schizophrenia are twice as likely to be diagnosed with dementia as those without, study finds.
(Reuters) A Florida scientist studying simple sea animals called comb jellies has found the road map to a new form of brain development that could lead to treatments for Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases.
(The Scripps Research Institute) In surprise findings, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered that a protein with a propensity to form harmful aggregates in the body when produced in the liver protects against Alzheimer’s disease aggregates when it is produced in the brain. 
(Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis) A new theory about disorders that attack the brain and spinal column has received a significant boost from scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The theory attributes these disorders to proteins that act like prions, which are copies of a normal protein that have been corrupted in ways that cause diseases. Scientists previously thought that only one particular protein could be corrupted in this fashion, but researchers in the laboratory of Marc Diamond, MD, report that another protein linked to Alzheimer's disease and many other neurodegenerative conditions also behaves very much like a prion.
(U.S. News & World Report) California researchers successfully erased and then restored certain memories in rats, a new study declares, offering a potential path for treating Alzheimer’s, post-traumatic stress disorder and other brain ailments. And they did it all in a literal flash of light… The light, fed through a fiber-optic cable, is flashed in different patterns into the rats’ skulls. At lower frequencies – such as once a second – it erased memories; at higher frequencies, it strengthened them.
(University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa) University of Alabama researchers identified within animal models an enzyme that links genetic pathways that control aging with the death of dopamine neurons – a clinical hallmark of Parkinson's disease. Further study is needed, but the enzyme could later prove a target, the scientists said, for boosting efforts to prevent or reduce problems associated with the malfunction of dopamine-producing neurons in the brains of diseased patients.
(Science Daily) Blocking a specific class of glutamate receptors can improve motor learning and coordination, and prevent cell death in animal models of Huntington's disease, research shows. As Huntington's disease is an inherited condition that can be detected decades before any clinical symptoms are seen in humans, this research could lead to preventive treatments that will delay the onset of symptoms and neurodegeneration.
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize cognitive decline.
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Cheesy Chicken Taco Casserole
This easy, 6-ingredient chicken taco casserole makes a great choice for your family's Mexican night.
Lemon-Garlic Shrimp & Vegetables
Here's a healthy twist on shrimp scampi. We left out the butter and loaded the dish up with red peppers and asparagus for a refreshing spring meal. Serve with quinoa.
Washington Post:
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Food News

(Huffington Post) [T]he following … breakfast recipes have at least 11 grams of protein. Chia Seed Oatmeal… 3-Ingredient Peanut Butter Pancake… Crockpot Breakfast Casserole… Caramel Apple Greek Yogurt Parfait… Kale And Tomato Quiche… Lemony Egg In A Spinach-Chickpea Nest… Edamame Sweet Potato Hash… Cinnamon Cottage Cheese With Sliced Apple… Gluten-Free Protein Waffles… Breakfast Burrito… Veggie-Loaded Avocado White Bean Salad On Toast… Chocolate Cherry Smoothie.
(My Money, U.S. News & World Report) Here are five low-cost options for breaking a soda habit that address the reasons people drink the beverage. If you love the fizz, look for a secondhand carbonation system… If you must have a mix of fizz and sweetness, use the carbonation system with a sweetener… If you need caffeine, try caffeinated teas… If you need caffeine, but don’t like tea, try coffee… If you want to break the unhealthy cycle, drink water.
(Ad Age) Nestle wants to be a health and wellness company. According to a request for proposals sent to advertising agencies this month, the food-and-beverage giant is hunting for an agency to take on a corporate brand assignment. The goal is to change consumer perception of Nestle from a "trusted chocolate company" to a "recognized and trusted food and beverage, nutrition, health and wellness company."
(Science Daily) A new method for preservation of liquid foods, working at moderate temperatures and therefore referred to as "cold pasteurization," is the so-called pressure change technology, which has been developed and patented by the Dresden company Edecto for fruit juice…  "The physical process has effects similar to those of sulphurization of the wine: growth of microorganisms is prevented because the cells are mechanically disrupted. In addition, the protective atmosphere of an inert gas decreases oxidation reactions, so drinks are stabilized," explains Edith Klingner.
(LiveScience) Although norovirus outbreaks on cruise ships often make the news, most of the outbreaks of foodborne illness from the virus get started in restaurants, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
(UPI) Quality Egg LLC agreed Tuesday to pay a fine of almost $7 million for selling eggs linked to a Salmonella outbreak that sickened almost 2,000 people.
(The Gazette) Four years after a nationwide Salmonella outbreak caused by contaminated eggs from Iowa, the father and son who own the egg company will plead guilty to federal criminal charges. Austin “Jack” DeCoster, 79, and Peter DeCoster, 50, were charged Wednesday with introducing adulterated food into interstate commerce, a misdemeanor punishable by up to one year in jail. They are expected to plead guilty to the charge June 3 in Sioux City.
Community: Excellent. I’m in favor of putting people in jail who endanger the health of others.
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Can you recover lost hearing?

(NIH Senior Health, via email) Hearing loss is a common condition affecting older adults, and it can be caused by noise, aging, disease, trauma, certain medications and heredity. Depending on the cause, some hearing loss may be reversible. See what types of hearing loss can be restored.
To learn more, watch “Older Adults and Hearing Loss.”
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