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More Information on Weight Loss

(NIH Research Matters) Men exposed to a cool environment overnight for a month had an increase in brown fat with corresponding changes in metabolism. The finding hints at new ways to alter the body’s energy balance to treat conditions such as obesity and diabetes.
(University of Sussex) The flavour that gives food its "deliciousness" could also be telling us information about its protein content, according to new research… Umami (meaning 'deliciousness' in Japanese) is recognised as our fifth sense of taste – the others being sweet, salty, sour and bitter – and is actually the chemical glutamate, a protein found in meat (it gives bacon its tastiness), and other savoury foods such as Marmite, parmesan cheese and shiitake mushrooms. A study … reveals that it is also the flavour that helps us to feel full.
(The Supermarket Guru) Adding a few hot peppers to your food is great for flavor, but that may not be the only benefit to adding a little spice to your meal.  According to a recent article in Time, new research shows three more reasons you should consider adding extra kick into your diet. First, it may reduce risk for tumors… Next up, apparently spice improves your sex life!... Finally, according to some scientists spicy food can help with weight loss.
(Appetite for Health) New research … shows that eating around 30 grams of protein at breakfast increased muscle protein synthesis by some 30%, compared to a traditional carb-rich, lower protein breakfast. If you’re struggling to lose weight or can’t control your cravings, it may simply mean that you’re not eating the right breakfast.
(Science Daily) Eating about one serving a day of beans, peas, chickpeas or lentils can increase fullness, which may lead to better weight management and weight loss, a new study has found. Pulses have a low glycemic index (meaning that they are foods that break down slowly) and can be used to reduce or displace animal protein as well as "bad" fats such as trans fat in a dish or meal.
(Appetite for Health) Individuals who are thinner and have healthier diets don’t have more willpower; they just manage their resource better by creating healthy habits and an environment that helps make the healthy choice their first choice. While willpower is a precious commodity, researchers are finding ways you can help conserve and boost [yours.] 1. Avoid “addictive” foods… 2. Keep blood sugar levels stable… 3. Skip Food TV and food ads… 4. Plan ahead… 5. Focus on one positive behavior at a time.
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The Early Bird Stays Slim
(Andrew Weil, M.D.) If you’re watching your weight, you might consider getting up early and going outside. A new study … showed that people whose exposure to bright natural light was mainly early in the day – between 8 a.m. and noon – had a lower body mass index than people whose light exposure occurs mostly in the late afternoon. All told, the difference in weight between early birds and not-so-early types could be as much as 30 pounds, stemming entirely from the influence and timing of their light exposure, the study found.
(The Atlantic) [R]esearchers examined 14 studies that looked at how much of the food on their plates people actually ate… Surprisingly, subjects ate more of the "continuous foods," like cereal or pasta (93 percent) than "unitary" foods, such as carrot sticks (72 percent). And in another counterintuitive finding, people ate more when they were alone and not distracted (97 percent) than when they were watching TV or talking to people (89 percent). So if you really want to cut calories, try eating a bunch of little pieces of something healthy while watching House of Cards.
(Science Daily) Crowdsourcing may help dieters stick to healthy foods and lose weight, as participants are as good as trained experts at correctly rating the healthiness of foods and giving feedback on them, indicates research. "Crowdsourcing has potential as a way to improve adherence to dietary self monitoring over a longer period of time," write the researchers. "The results of this study found that when basic feedback on diet quality by peer raters is crowdsourced, it is comparable to feedback from expert raters."
(ABC Science Online) Genetic effects are of little importance in switching on your appetite; rather it's all a matter of blood sugar levels, finds a study. However, when it comes to feeling full, genes do matter, says Dr Ellen Schur of the University of Washington… Schur says her team's work supports other studies that find skipping meals is not a good way to diet. They now want to look at how being obese affects the appetite centers.
(Appetite for Health) Currently, there is no strong evidence to show that lemons or vitamin C impact weight loss, and more research is needed to fully understand vitamin C’s role in fat oxidation and its relationship to body composition. Other studies suggest that certain compounds in lemons, called polyphenols, might prevent weight gain in animals, however these studies are preliminary.
(Reuters Health) As weight loss becomes more about health than vanity, insurers might increasingly be footing the bill for non-surgical reducing methods, researchers say. And they'll want to know which ones are the best investment. In a new analysis, the popular Weight Watchers program and the drug Qsymia were the most cost-effective strategies to lose weight. If a third-party payer didn't cover the high cost of Jenny Craig's food, that would be the most effective plan, the study found.
(LiveScience) Despite the popularity of low-carb diets, more Americans still try to avoid fat than carbs, according to a new poll. The results show that 56 percent of Americans say they actively avoid fat in their diets, compared with 29 percent who say they avoid carbohydrates, according to the poll, conducted this month by Gallup. However, the percentage of Americans who try to avoid fat has dropped slightly in recent years, by about 8 percentage points since 2004, according to Gallup. This trend may reflect recent research that has called into question the view that fat is the main culprit in weight gain, and instead points to processed carbohydrates as the key drivers, Gallup says.
(Lavanya Malhotra, British Medical Journal) The Dubai municipality has come up with a novel way to promote a balanced diet and exercise in the city: slim down, and the reward will be worth your weight in gold. Or rather, you will receive 1 g of gold for every kg shed. Earlier this week it was estimated that more than 15 000 people had signed up, with the final numbers expected to be more since registration closed yesterday. Already this is more than the 9666 people who took part in a similar scheme last year.

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Please do not give advice. We can best help each other by telling what works for us, not what we think someone else should do.