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More News and Recent Research on Diabetes

(Reuters Health) Compared to a decade ago, fewer Americans have a cluster of risk factors that together can signal heart troubles and diabetes down the line, according to a new study. But while so-called metabolic syndrome is declining, some of its components - including large waistlines and poor blood sugar control, which carry their own risks - are becoming more common, researchers found.
(The New Old Age, New York Times) Starting next month, changes are afoot for Medicare beneficiaries who order diabetes supplies — testing strips and lancets — by mail. About 50 percent to 60 percent of diabetics on Medicare prefer to receive supplies in their mailboxes, a cheaper and often more convenient alternative to local pharmacies and storefronts… Medicare has instituted competitive bidding for mail-order firms that want to sell strips; it has signed contracts with just 18 carefully vetted companies nationwide… The process has cut prices sharply. Medicare previously paid $77.90 for 100 mail-ordered strips; now it will pay $22.47. That means co-payments plummet, too, from $15.58 to $4.49.
(MedPage Today) The whey protein component of milk may help blood glucose regulation, according to a series of experiments looking for the mechanism behind lower type 2 diabetes rates found with higher milk consumption… Diabetic obese mice fed the proteins had better glucose control than those that got a standard diet. The milk components also appeared to restore pancreatic islet cells' capacity to secrete insulin.
(Science Daily) A [research team] has generated patient-specific beta cells, or insulin-producing cells, that accurately reflect the features of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY)… Transplanted into a mouse, the stem cell-derived beta cells secreted insulin in a manner similar to that of the beta cells of MODY patients. Repair of the gene mutation restored insulin secretion to levels seen in cells obtained from healthy subjects. 
(Science Daily) Insulin is the most potent physiological anabolic agent for tissue-building and energy storage, promoting the storage and synthesis of lipids, protein and carbohydrates, and inhibiting their breakdown and release into the circulatory system. It also plays a major role in stimulating glucose entry into muscle tissue, where the glucose is metabolized and removed from the blood following meals. But gaps exist in understanding the precise molecular mechanisms by which insulin regulates glucose uptake in fat and muscle cells. A research team … has made breakthrough advancements on a molecule that may provide more answers to this mystery.
Community: There are many practical things we can do to prevent, delay, or minimize type 2 diabetes.
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