A community for people who want to remain as healthy as possible as we age.

Taking Responsibility for Own Health Often Not Enough

(HealthDay News) Most people want to take responsibility for their health but many fail to follow through with healthy lifestyle habits, finds a new survey.
The statewide poll of Pennsylvania adults aged 21 and older found that 93.3 percent of respondents believe they are more responsible for their personal health than their doctor, 4.3 percent said their doctor was more responsible and 2.3 percent didn't know.
The survey also found that 32.5 percent of respondents said they do not engage in planned exercise on a weekly basis, 48.7 percent exercise three or more times weekly, 43.4 percent get two or more hours of exercise a week, and 39.1 percent exercise less than an hour a week.
Only one-quarter of respondents said they avoid high-salt foods and less than one-third pay attention to the amount of salt in foods they consume, according to the survey by the Institute for Good Medicine at the Pennsylvania Medical Society (PAMED).
Community: “Acknowledging” responsibility is not the same as “taking” responsibility, as we see.
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Laughter, Music May Lower Blood Pressure, Study Says

(HealthDay News) Laughter and music not only lift the mood, they might also drop blood pressure among middle-aged adults, a new study suggests…
Dr. John Ciccone, a preventive cardiologist…, contended that the study highlights "interesting physiology" about the role stress plays in blood pressure.
In Ciccone's practice, holistic nurses offer music therapy for stress management, a growing field that can incorporate techniques such as reflexology, acupressure and others, he said.
"I think there has been interesting data that shows that relaxation techniques, regardless of the technique, can possibly affect borderline elevated blood pressure," Ciccone said.
"They're not outside the mainstream anymore," he added. "I think a lot of what was considered alternative is no longer alternative."
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'Simulated' Needles Just as Effective as Real Acupuncture in Treating Nausea in Cancer Patients, Study Finds

(Science Daily) Simulated acupuncture -- sometimes referred to as placebo -- is just as beneficial as real acupuncture for treating nausea in cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy, according to a study from Karolinska Institutet and Linköping University in Sweden. Patients, who received only standard care including medications for nausea, felt significant more nausea than patients in both the acupuncture groups.
"The beneficial effects seem not to come from the traditional acupuncture method, but probably from the patients' positive expectations and the extra care that the treatment entails," says Anna Enblom... "The patients communicated with the physiotherapists administering the acupuncture, received tactile stimulation and were given extra time for rest and relaxation."
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Overeaters have more food brain activity

(UPI) Weight gain produced a blunted response to intake of a chocolate milkshake, suggesting overeating may lead to reduced reward from food, U.S. researchers say…
The findings seem to challenge the widely accepted theory that it is a reward deficit -- fewer dopamine receptors in the brain -- that increases vulnerability to overeating, [Eric] Stice says.
The study, published in The Journal of Neuroscience, also found that at-risk youth for obesity showed hyper-responsivity of somatosentory regions to food intake, which plays a key role in sensing the fat content of food suggesting people who are particularly sensitive to detecting high-fat foods may be at unique risk for overeating.
Community: One of the effects of addiction is that the response to the drug of choice diminishes, requiring ever increasing amounts even to feel normal. Haven’t I been saying that we’re in the midst of a food addiction epidemic?
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Garlic Chicken Pizza
In about 20 minutes you can serve your family a garlicky-good, three-cheese and chicken pizza that's just as good as what you'd get at a pizza restaurant.
Chicken-Fried Turkey Cutlets with Redeye Gravy
Redeye gravy is a Southerner’s trick of using coffee to make a quick pan gravy from the drippings that remain in the pan after frying ham steaks. In this lightened version we use lean turkey breast cutlets breaded and “fried” in a little canola oil, with just a bit of bacon for flavor in the gravy.
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Legal spat over Campbell Soup still simmering

(Reuters) A federal judge has allowed a lawsuit to go ahead against Campbell Soup Co, the world's largest soup-maker, over whether its purported "low-sodium" tomato soup really has less sodium.
Four New Jersey women had sued the company last year, contending they were misled into paying more for the "low sodium" brand. They say it had almost as much sodium as Campbell's regular tomato soup.
U.S. District Judge Jerome Simandle on Wednesday denied a motion to dismiss the case, saying the women could press claims under New Jersey's consumer fraud act because reasonable consumers could have found Campbell's labels misleading.
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Living at High Altitude Reduces Risk of Dying from Heart Disease

(Science Daily) [R]esearchers … have found that people living at higher altitudes have a lower chance of dying from ischemic heart disease and tend to live longer than others.
"If living in a lower oxygen environment such as in our Colorado mountains helps reduce the risk of dying from heart disease it could help us develop new clinical treatments for those conditions," said Benjamin Honigman, MD… "Lower oxygen levels turn on certain genes and we think those genes may change the way heart muscles function. They may also produce new blood vessels that create new highways for blood flow into the heart."
Another explanation, he said, could be that increased solar radiation at altitude helps the body better synthesize vitamin D which has also been shown to have beneficial effects on the heart and some kinds of cancer.
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Rehabilitation Within a Day of Knee Replacement Pays Off

(Science Daily) Starting rehabilitation sooner following knee arthroplasty surgery could pay dividends -- for both patients and hospitals. Commencing physical therapy within 24 hours of surgery can improve pain, range of joint motion and muscle strength as well as cut hospital stays, according to new research…
On average, those beginning treatment earlier stayed in hospital two days less than the control group and had five fewer rehabilitation sessions before they were discharged. An early start also lead to less pain, a greater range of joint motion both in leg flexion and extension, improved muscle strength and higher scores in tests for gait and balance.
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Research May Lead to New Treatments for Parkinson’s Disease and Other Neurological Disorders

(Science Daily) Dr. Elmer M. Price … said his [research team] has identified and analyzed unique adult animal stem cells that can turn into neurons.
Price said the neurons they found appear to have many of the qualities desired for cells being used in development of therapies for slowly progressing, degenerative conditions like Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease and multiple sclerosis, and for damage due to stroke or spinal cord injury.
According to Price, what makes the discovery especially interesting is that the source of these neural stem cells is adult blood, a readily available and safe source. Unlike embryonic stem cells, which have a tendency to cause cancer when transplanted for therapy, adult stems like those identified in Price's lab are found in the bodies of all living animals and do not appear to be carcinogenic.
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A Safer, More Effective Morphine May Soon Be Possible

(Science Daily) An orphan drug originally used for HIV treatment has been found to short-circuit the process that results in additional sensitivity and pain from opioid use…
The researchers say the finding in animal models may ultimately make morphine a safer and more effective drug.
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New Colon Cancer Marker Identified

(Science Daily) A research team at the University of Colorado Cancer Center has identified an enzyme that could be used to diagnose colon cancer earlier. It is possible that this enzyme also could be a key to stopping the cancer.
Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in Americans, with a one in 20 chance of developing it, according to the American Cancer Society. This enzyme biomarker could help physicians identify more colon cancers and do so at earlier stages when the cancer is more successfully treated.
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Robot-Assisted Prostate Surgery Is Safe, Long-Term Study Finds

(Science Daily) In the first study of its kind, urologists and biostatisticians at Henry Ford Hospital have found that robot-assisted surgery to remove cancerous prostate glands is safe over the long term, with a major complication rate of less than one percent.
The findings … follow an earlier Henry Ford study that found nearly 87 percent of patients whose cancerous prostates were removed by robot-assisted surgery had no recurrence of the disease after five years.
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Gambling Problems Are More Common Than Drinking Problems, According to First-of-Its-Kind Study

(Science Daily) After age 21, problem gambling is considerably more common among U.S. adults than alcohol dependence, even though alcohol dependence has received much more attention, according to researchers…
"No comparable analysis has been done previously and therefore none is available for a direct comparison of these results," [principal investigator John W.] Welte says. "But, given what we found about the persistence of frequent and problem gambling through adulthood, increased prevention and intervention efforts are warranted."
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Healthcare startup treats uninsured patients

(Reuters) Dr. Garrison Bliss has found a way to decrease the role of insurance companies in day-to-day medical care that leaves both doctors and patients with more money.
As a co-founder of the Qliance Medical Group (www.qliance.com), Bliss operates three clinics in the Seattle, Washington area that treat both insured and uninsured patients who pay a monthly fee of between $49 and $89, depending on their age.
"The primary difference is that we don't take money from insurance companies," said Bliss, who opened his first clinic in 2007 and claims the business model decreases wait times and reduces the costs of treating patients. "The amount of money per patient that we make is actually higher than it would be if we ran an insurance practice."…
Insurance companies are still needed, he said, but only for "catastrophic events" such as big operations or month-long hospital stays -- not for basic primary care.
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Added Sugars Add Pounds

(HealthDay News) As Americans' intake of sugars added to processed and home-cooked foods rises, so, too, does body weight, according to a study that followed Minnesota residents for 27 years…
Added sugar consumption rose by 51 percent in women from 1980-82 and 2000-2002 and then declined somewhat, according to the research. Men followed the same pattern.
The researchers noted that weight-gain patterns kept pace with national ebbs and flows in added sugar consumption: as intake rose, so too did the average BMI of both men and women. When sugar consumption leveled off, BMI leveled off in women, but not in men, the researchers said.
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Vascular Benefits of Diets Rich in Leafy Greens

(Science Daily) Nitric oxide (NO) is an important molecule that helps maintain the contractility and health of vascular smooth muscle cells, and multiple studies have linked vascular pathology to a decreased level of NO. Therefore, therapies that increase the availability of NO could help protect vascular health…
In [a] commentary, [scientists] point out that high levels of dietary nitrate might in part explain the vascular benefits of diets rich in leafy greens, but warn that high dose supplementation could lead to the generation of carcinogenic molecules.
Community: I would love to find an explanation of the difference between beneficial nitrates in leafy green vegetables and the ones in processed meat that are suspected of causing heart disease.
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Inadequate Diet Can Lead to Anemia in Postmenopausal Women

(Science Daily) A new study … indicates that inadequate nutrition is linked to a greater risk of anemia in postmenopausal women.
"This study suggests that inadequate nutrient intakes are a significant risk factor for anemia in this population of older women and use of multivitamin/mineral supplements is not associated with lower rates of anemia," reports lead investigator Cynthia A. Thomson, PhD, RD… "Overall mortality is increased in relation to a diagnosis of anemia, and anemia, particularly iron deficiency, has been associated with reduced capacity for physical work and physical inactivity, injury related to falls and hospitalizations, making this an important health care concern in the aging."
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Fish-Rich Diet Reduces Obesity-Related Disease Risk

(Science Daily) A study of Yup'ik Eskimos in Alaska, who on average consume 20 times more omega-3 fats from fish than people in the lower 48 states, suggests that a high intake of these fats helps prevent obesity-related chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease…
While Yup'ik Eskimos have overweight/obesity levels similar to those in the U.S. overall, their prevalence of type 2 diabetes is significantly lower -- 3.3 percent versus 7.7 percent.
"While genetic, lifestyle and dietary factors may account for this difference," [lead author Zeina Makhoul, Ph.D.] said, "it is reasonable to ask, based on our findings, whether the lower prevalence of diabetes in this population might be attributed, at least in part, to their high consumption of omega-3-rich fish."
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Shave 200 Calories a Day with This Swap

(RealAge.com) To shave 200 calories from each day -- without missing a thing -- put your blender to work.
Then, use pureed vegetables in place of more energy-dense ingredients in your favorite entrees -- soups, casseroles, mac and cheese, and more. In a study, doing so helped people consume 200 fewer calories a day -- but still feel satisfied.
In the study, participants ate all of their meals in a lab once a week for 3 weeks. They ate carrot cake for breakfast, mac and cheese for lunch, and chicken-and-rice casserole for dinner, along with side dishes at each meal. But some weeks, the dishes were prepared with extra pureed veggies in place of higher-calorie, more energy-dense ingredients -- to the tune of 200 to 360 fewer calories per day. The participants didn't know about the swap, but they rated the slimmed-down dishes to be just as tasty and satisfying as the higher-calorie meals.
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Jerk-Rubbed Catfish with Spicy Cilantro Slaw
For maximum heat, leave the seeds and membranes in the pepper; habanero will be much hotter than serrano. Ever touched your lips or eyes after chopping hot peppers? Avoid those burns by wearing gloves to prevent the pepper's heat from penetrating your skin.
Mexican Potato Omelet
Whip up this simple, tasty omelet on those nights when it seems the refrigerator is bare. Frozen hash browns are perfect for such occasions--just look for a brand with little or no fat. And while the cheese adds some fat, it also provides almost a third of your daily calcium needs.
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Statins Make Radiation More Effective at Curing Prostate Cancer, Study Suggests

(Science Daily) Men with high-risk prostate cancer who take statin drugs commonly used to lower cholesterol while receiving radiation therapy are less likely to have their cancer return than patients who do not take these medications, according to a study…
Statins are a class of drugs used to lower the cholesterol level in people with or at risk of cardiovascular disease. The median follow-up time was approximately six years.
Researchers found that the men taking statins were less like to relapse than other patients.
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Short Course of Hormone Therapy Boosts Prostate Cancer Survival: Study

(HealthDay News)  Just six months of hormone therapy, along with radiation, cuts the risk of dying from locally advanced prostate cancer in half when compared to radiation alone, researchers report.
Just as important, the study indicates that a short course of hormone therapy has few of the side effects seen with longer treatment regimens of two to three years…
Compared to a six-month bout of the hormone therapy, androgen-deprivation therapy over an extended period can result in serious side effects, including erectile dysfunction, hot flashes, fatigue, osteoporosis, high cholesterol, anemia and cardiac death.
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Novel Treatment for Pancreatic Cancer Under Study

(HealthDay News) Researchers appear to have found a new way to significantly shrink pancreatic tumors by targeting the tissue surrounding cancer rather than the cancer itself.
The approach relies on an experimental antibody that sparks the patient's own immune system into shredding the structural "scaffolding" that holds tumors together…
[Said  senior author Dr. Robert H. Vonderheide,] "Attacking the dense tissues surrounding the cancer is … similar to attacking a brick wall by dissolving the mortar in the wall. Ultimately, the immune system was able to eat away at this tissue surrounding the cancer, and the tumors fell apart as a result of that assault. These results provide fresh insight to build new immune therapies for cancer."
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'Mini Strokes' Linked to Doubled Heart Attack Risk: Study

(HealthDay News) Having a "mini stroke," known as a transient-ischemic attack (TIA), appears to double the risk for a heart attack later, according to Mayo Clinic researchers.
Although TIA symptoms may last only a few minutes, they are a warning of coronary heart disease that may be unrecognized, said Dr. Larry B. Goldstein…, who was not involved in the study.
The study confirms that "people who have had a TIA or stroke should also be evaluated for coronary heart disease," said Goldstein.
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High Levels of PFCs Might Bring Early Menopause

(HealthDay News) Women with higher levels of certain chemicals used in many household products have lower levels of estrogen and are more likely to experience early menopause, a new study finds.
Researchers looked at perfluorocarbons (PFCs), which are endocrine-disrupting chemicals found in products such as toys, clothing, furniture, carpets, paints and plastic food containers. This new study of 25,957 women, aged 18 to 65, found an association between PFC exposure, decreased levels of the female sex hormone estradiol, and early menopause in women over age 42.
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Progress Seen in Creating Eye Cells From Stem Cells

(HealthDay News) To push the theoretical promise of stem cell research into the world of viable treatments, scientists have successfully fashioned adult stem cells into the kind of eye cells that fall victim to the onset of age-related macular degeneration, or AMD.
The work did not involve embryonic stem cells, which have been the subject of much debate in recent years, but rather so-called "human-induced pluripotent stem cells." The aim, according to the researchers, was to develop a therapeutic response to the death, caused by AMD, of retinal pigment epithelium, a cell layer that is critical to the health of the retina's vision cells.
But the researchers … stress that this was a preliminary move toward that goal, achieved solely in a laboratory setting. They say that numerous complex obstacles must be tackled before such newly created cells could be transplanted into diseased eyes.
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Weaker Bones, Cellphone Use Linked in Small Study

(HealthDay News) A small study out of Argentina suggests that cellphone users might be at heightened risk for a weakening of bone in the hip area…
[Study author Dr. Fernando D. Sravi] said the findings suggest that long-term exposure to electromagnetic radiation from cellphones could weaken bones. However, Sravi also cautioned that larger follow-up studies are needed to confirm or disprove this hypothesis, and at this point the findings cannot prove any cause-and-effect relationship.
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Largest Study of High-Deductible Health Plans Finds Savings, Less Preventive Care

(Science Daily) The largest-ever assessment of high-deductible health plans finds that while such plans significantly cut health spending, they also prompt patients to cut back on preventive health care, according to a new RAND Corporation study…
"We saw that patients reduced preventive care, and if this persists, it is likely to have health consequences in the future," [study co-author Amelia M.] Haviland said. "These cutbacks could cause a spike in health care costs down the road if people end up sicker and need more-intensive treatment."
The drop in preventive care happened even though high-deductible plans waive the need to pay a deductible when receiving such care. This suggests that enrollees in high-deductible plans either did not understand this part of their policy or some other factor discouraged them from getting preventive care, Haviland said.
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Those Who Sleep Less Eat More: Study

(HealthDay News) People of normal weight eat more when they sleep less, a small new study finds.
Columbia University researchers discovered that sleep-deprived adults ate almost 300 calories more a day on average than those who got enough sleep. And the extra calories mostly came from saturated fat, which can spell trouble for waistlines…
"If sustained, the dietary choices made by people undergoing short sleep could predispose them to obesity and increased risk of cardiovascular disease," the researchers wrote.
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Americans' Exposure to Mercury From Fish Won't Harm Hearts: Study

(HealthDay News) Though repeatedly linked to neurological deficits in children and unborn babies, Americans' level of exposure to mercury from sources such as fish is not associated with a higher risk of heart disease, stroke or other cardiovascular disease, a new study suggests.
Building on prior research that produced inconsistent results, scientists from Harvard School of Public Health and Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston evaluated data from two separate studies on more than 173,000 men and women who answered questions about their medical history, risk factors, disease incidence and lifestyle.
The researchers also measured mercury concentrations in the stored toenail clippings -- a reliable storehouse of long-term mercury exposure -- of nearly 7,000 participants, an equal number of whom had or had not suffered a cardiovascular event during the study follow-up period.
The team found no sign that the mercury levels hiked cardiovascular risk.
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Exercise May Blunt Salt's Effect on Hypertension

(HealthDay News) Physical activity may diminish the negative impact of a high-salt diet on blood pressure, a new study suggests.
Researchers found that the more people exercise, the less their blood pressure will rise in response to a high-salt diet…
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a leading cause of stroke. Because of salt's association with high blood pressure, the American Heart Association recommends consuming less than 1,500 milligrams (mg) of sodium per day.
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6 Powerful Health-Boosting Foods

(SouthBeachDiet.com) [T]he South Beach Diet … recommends a wide variety of delicious fresh foods in a rainbow of colors to get the maximum antioxidants and other disease-fighting nutrients. A few foods are true standouts, packing in exceptional amounts of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients, including plant compounds called phytochemicals, that can help to lower your risk for numerous ailments, including cancer and heart disease. Here, some top nutrient-packed foods to incorporate into your Meal Plans.
Tomatoes…: Studies show that eating tomato products may reduce prostate cancer risk… The key ingredient: a powerful antioxidant called lycopene, also found in pink and red grapefruit … and guava…
Spinach and other dark leafy greens…: Research shows that eating dark leafy greens, like spinach, kale, and Swiss chard (which are technically cruciferous vegetables), may help maintain good health by reducing one’s risk of heart disease and stroke, some cancers, and several other illnesses. Dark leafy greens are rich in beta-carotene, folate, and vitamins C, E, and K, which help protect against free radicals (unstable molecules that can damage cells). Regularly eating dark leafy greens may help to lower blood pressure and cholesterol and promote normal eyesight.
Walnuts…: Like all nuts, walnuts are a great source of protein, fiber, and healthy fats. Unlike other nuts, however, walnuts are high in heart-healthy omega-3 oils, which have been shown to have antioxidant properties. Enjoy up to 15 walnuts a day as part of your nut/seed allotment. Other South Beach Diet–recommended sources of omega-3s include flaxseed and, of course, oily fish, like salmon and sardines.
Blueberries…: Studies show that a number of compounds in blueberries, including pigment-producing anthocyanins, are powerful in helping to prevent cancer. These anthocyanins may also protect against hypertension (high blood pressure). In addition, blueberries may help prevent cataracts and the short-term memory loss associated with aging. Other berries have antioxidants in smaller quantities.
Pomegranates…: These fruits are high in flavonoids, antioxidants also found in red wine … and cocoa… Recent studies show that pomegranate juice … may help protect against heart disease.
Sweet potatoes…: An outstanding source of carotenoids (including beta-carotene), as well as vitamin C, calcium, and potassium, sweet potatoes can help reduce LDL cholesterol, lower high blood pressure, fight cataracts and age-related macular degeneration, and boost your resistance to colds and infections. Other good sources of beta-carotene are carrots and apricots.
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Cocoa Rich in Health Benefits

(WebMD Health News) Cocoa … consumption is associated with decreased blood pressure, improved blood vessel health, and improvement in cholesterol levels, among other benefits.
Eric L. Ding, PhD, of Harvard Medical School says the apparent health benefits come from polyphenolic flavonoids in cocoa that have the potential to prevent heart disease…
Flavonoid-rich cocoa consumption also was linked to reductions in risk factors for diabetes -- a major risk factor itself for cardiovascular disease.
Also, resistance to the hormone insulin, which helps regulate blood sugar, favorably dropped among people who consumed flavonoid-rich cocoa, compared to people in comparison groups.
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Grocers see high vegetable prices easing soon

(AP) A nearly 50 percent increase in vegetable prices that has sent shoppers reeling in the produce aisle should ease in the coming weeks as farmers send grocers more tomatoes, lettuce and other crops.
Vegetable prices shot up last month after cold weather in the southern U.S. and Mexico destroyed much of the winter vegetable supply, the Commerce Department said…
Costs should be coming down soon, though, as crops farmers planted after the winter freezes start to reach stores, said growers, grocers and analysts. Grocers also typically switch this time of year to crops planted for spring, said Jody Shee, an analyst for the market research firm Mintel.
"Unless there are any other weather issues, the prices should bounce back pretty soon," she said.
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Cooking Light:
Chicken and Spring Veggies
Tender and fresh, spring produce is a great partner to chicken. Find eight recipes featuring the two, plus our tips for choosing and using spring vegetables.
Superfast Pasta
Incorporating flavors from around the world, these dishes highlight the versatility of noodles—and none takes more than 20 minutes!
Healthier Nachos
Underneath all the fat in American-style nachos lies some healthy eating. We put a classic fast food into a good nutritional niche.
Farfalle with Lamb Ragu, Ricotta, and Mint
A classic flavor combination, lamb and mint meet bow-tie pasta for a hearty weeknight meal.
Quick Tuna Burgers
Turn a couple cans of tuna into a zesty tuna burger with this quick recipe. If you can’t find good whole-wheat hamburger buns, whole-wheat English muffins are a great substitute. The burger mixture might seem a little soft going into the pan, but once the first side is cooked, you’ll be able to flip them easily. Serve with steamed broccoli or sweet potato fries.
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Do vitamins stop cancer, heart attacks? Study: no

(Reuters Health) Will taking multivitamins protect you from dying of cancer or heart disease? The answer is no, according to new research.
In a study of more than 180,000 people, scientists saw the same number of deaths from cancer and heart disease among multivitamin-takers and those who did not take the supplements.
"People need to understand that just taking these multivitamins is not sufficient to prevent disease," said Jennifer Hsiang-Ling Lin.
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Plant oil may help reduce obesity

(UPI) Sterculic oil, a type of plant oil, may be able to reduce belly fat in humans, a University of Missouri researcher says.
James Perfield, assistant professor of food science…, says sterculic oil is extracted from seeds of the Sterculia foetida tree and the oil contains unique fatty acids known to suppress a bodily enzyme associated with insulin resistance.
Previous research indicates reducing the enzyme in rodents improves their insulin sensitivity and reduces the risk of diabetes or heart disease, Perfield says.
Community: Apparently, it’s not yet commercially available. I couldn’t find it available for sale in a Google search.
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New Clues in Quest to Slow Aging

(Science Daily) DNA contains all of the genetic instructions that make us who we are, and maintaining the integrity of our DNA over the course of a lifetime is a critical, yet complex part of the aging process. In an important, albeit early step forward, scientists have discovered how DNA maintenance is regulated, opening the door to interventions that may enhance the body's natural preservation of genetic information.
The new findings may help researchers delay the onset of aging and aging-related diseases by curbing the loss or damage of our genetic makeup, which makes us more susceptible to cancers and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's. Keeping our DNA intact longer into our later years could help eliminate the sickness and suffering that often goes hand-in-hand with old age.
"Our research is in the very early stages, but there is great potential here, with the capacity to change the human experience," said Robert Bambara, Ph.D…
Bambara and colleagues report that a process called acetylation regulates the maintenance of our DNA. The team has discovered that acetylation determines the degree of fidelity of both DNA replication and repair.
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Drug Prevents Type 2 Diabetes in Majority of High-Risk Individuals

(Science Daily) A pill taken once a day in the morning prevented type 2 diabetes in more than 70 percent of individuals whose obesity, ethnicity and other markers put them at highest risk for the disease, U.S. scientists report.
The team also noted a 31 percent decrease in the rate of thickening of the carotid artery, the major vessel that supplies blood to the brain…
[Ralph DeFronzo, M.D.]  led the trial of pioglitazone, which is marketed as Actos® by Takeda Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. The Japanese company provided an independent investigator grant to Dr. DeFronzo to conduct the ACT Now study…
Pioglitazone was well tolerated by participants, with weight gain and fluid retention observed at the dose used in the study. Dr. DeFronzo said those side effects can be mitigated by using a lower dose that works equally well.
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Arthritis Drug Could Help Beat Melanoma Skin Cancer, Study Finds

(Science Daily) A breakthrough discovery by the University of East Anglia (UEA) and Children's Hospital Boston promises an effective new treatment for one of the deadliest forms of cancer…
[T]he researchers found that leflunomide -- a drug commonly used to treat rheumatoid arthritis -- also inhibits the growth of malignant melanoma.
Melanoma is a cancer of the pigment cells in our skin. It is the most aggressive form of skin cancer and, unlike most other cancers, incidence of the disease is increasing.
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Similarities Found in Brain Activity for Both Habits and Goals

(Science Daily) A team of researchers has found that pursuing carefully planned goals and engaging in more automatic habits shows overlapping neurological mechanisms …
The authors [wrote] that the finding paves the way for seeking to understand how the brain regulates between goal-directed and habitual behaviors. By comprehending the mechanisms by which the brain controls these behaviors, subsequent research can begin to address how to curb habitual behaviors such as drug addiction or alcoholism. More specifically, because these decisions have a common neural target, there is a possibility that therapeutic methods could be designed and tested, targeting this locus, to enhance goal-directed behaviors while diminishing habitual ones.
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Aggression Study: 'Monty Python' Scene Helps Research

(Science Daily) Bottling up emotions can make people more aggressive, according to new research…
[P]sychologists used a pair of classic movie scenes in their research. They found that subjects who were asked to suppress their emotions and show no reaction to a notoriously disgusting scene in the 1983 film "The Meaning of Life" and another in the 1996 film "Trainspotting" were more aggressive afterwards than subjects who were allowed to show their revulsion.
The research reinforces scientists' understanding of the "ego depletion effect," which suggests people who must keep their emotions bottled up -- not reacting to a difficult boss at work, for example -- are more likely to act aggressively afterwards.
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Even Mild Stress Is Linked to Long-Term Disability, Study Finds

(Science Daily) Even relatively mild stress can lead to long term disability and an inability to work, reveals a large population based study…
It is well known that mental health problems are associated with long term disability, but the impact of milder forms of psychological stress is likely to have been underestimated, say the authors…
The authors say that it is important to consider their findings in the context of modern working life, which places greater demands on employees, and social factors, such as fewer close personal relationships and supportive networks.
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Study: Sporadic sex, exercise can kill

(UPI) A meta-analysis by U.S. researchers found occasional physical activity and sex can cause sudden heart problems that can be fatal…
However, for every additional time per week an individual was habitually exposed to physical activity, the risk of heart attack decreased by approximately 45 percent and the risk of sudden cardiac death decreased by 30 percent, the researchers say.
The finding confirm why those who have been inactive physically should consult a doctor before entering an exercise program, the researchers say.
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Fiber May Lessen Lifetime Risk for Heart Problems

(HealthDay News) New research suggests that middle-age and younger adults who eat high amounts of fiber are less likely to suffer from heart disease over their lives.
The findings add to existing research that links high-fiber diets to lower rates of high blood pressure, obesity and high cholesterol…
In people 20 to 39 years old as well as those 40 to 59 years old, those who consumed the most fiber had a significantly lower risk for cardiovascular disease than those with the least intake of fiber, the study found.
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Whole Grain Cereal May Help Control Blood Pressure

(HealthDay News) Eating breakfast cereal -- especially whole grain cereal -- may reduce the risk of developing high blood pressure, a new study suggests.
"We found about a 20 percent decreased risk of developing hypertension in those who consumed whole grain breakfasts cereals at least seven times a week," said lead researcher Dr. Jinesh Kochar, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston and the VA Boston Healthcare System.
"Along with other healthy lifestyles, such as low sodium intake and physical activity, getting whole grain from this readily available source can cut down the risk of developing chronic hypertension," he added.
Community: But beware of salt and sugar. Processed cereals are full of them.
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Before you reach for the salt shaker, watch these 'Salt Shocker' videos

(Los Angeles Times) Enjoying that cottage cheese? We have a bit of bad news for you -- a cup of the stuff could contain roughly 1,000 milligrams of sodium, a little less than half of what you should consume in an entire day. Using three packets of ketchup on those fries? There's another 534 milligrams.
Making people aware of how much sodium may be in certain foods is the idea behind a series of "Salt Shocker" videos produced by the L.A. County Department of Public Health's RENEW LA County initiative as part of their sodium awareness program. Don't let the title scare you -- there's no blood or gore in these videos, just a friendly reminder that some foods, such as cottage cheese, pack more salt than many people realize. By the way, we're in the midst of World Salt Awareness Week (March 21-27)…
"We consume so much salt, and most of it comes from processed foods and restaurant fare," says registered dietitian Suzanne Bogert, director of the initiative. "We talk so much about fat and sugar in food, but I feel like salt is the other white substance. And just like fat and sugar make food tastes good, so does salt."
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Lemon Pepper Shrimp Scampi
Indulge in the flavor of the Mediterranean with a bright, peppery toss topped with plump shrimp. Serve with sautéed asparagus for a fine accompaniment.
Roasted New Potatoes & Green Beans
Whoever said potato salad needs to be cold? For this warm version, new potatoes are roasted right alongside green beans, then tossed in a tangy champagne vinegar and Gorgonzola dressing. If you like, you can toss in some baby arugula.
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