A community for people who want to remain as healthy as possible as we age.

Men, women remember sexy news differently

(UPI) Men remember less news when it is delivered by a female news anchor sexily dressed because men favor visual over verbal processing, U.S. researchers say…
The study … found the male participants saw the sexualized version of the female news anchor as less suited for war and political reporting, but they recalled less news from the sexualized than the unsexualized version of the news.
The women participants did not vary across conditions in their assessments of the anchor's competence to report on war and political news, but they encoded more news information presented by the sexualized than unsexualized anchor, the study says.
The study findings were drawn in line with evolutionary psychology expectations of men's cognitive susceptibility to visual sex cues, the researchers say.
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Extra calcium, vitamin D no bone booster for men

(Reuters Health) Taking extra vitamin D and calcium doesn't seem to prevent bone-thinning in older men, according to Australian researchers.
However, exercise did boost bone mineral density, a proxy for bone strength, their report shows.
Despite the findings, people still need to get enough calcium and vitamin D to reduce the risk of osteoporosis, or bone thinning, said Dr. Mone Zaidi, an osteoporosis researcher at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, who was not involved in the study.
"It's like the four legs of the stool: vitamin D and calcium, exercise, medications if a person is losing bone, and the fourth leg is telling people how to prevent fractures," Zaidi said.
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Bone Builders

(Lisa Mosing, MS, RD, FADA, LifeScript) Like our other tissues, bones are always replenishing themselves. In childhood, we build more bone than we lose. By the age of thirty, most of us have reached our peak bone mass. But after that, we begin to lose bone faster than we can replace it. In fact, after the age of thirty, bone breakdown causes a bone loss of about 0.5% per year. And, for eight to 10 years following the onset of menopause, women lose bone mass at a rate of approximately 2-5% per year.
If you are female, Caucasian or Asian, or have a family history of osteoporosis, you are at high risk for osteoporosis. Lifestyle factors like smoking, alcoholism, and eating disorders also place you at higher risk than others. But simple changes like eating more calcium-rich foods and taking daily calcium supplements can lower your risk.
5 Best Bone Builders
1. Calcium… Builds and maintains bone.
Daily Needs: [New recommendation: “1,000 milligrams for children 4 to 8, women and men 19 to 50, and men 51 to 70; 1,300 milligrams for children 9 to 18; and 1,200 milligrams for women 51 and older and men 71 and older. The upper limit of safety, the institute said, is 2,000 milligrams a day for men and women over 51.”]
Food sources: Dairy foods, canned sardines and calcium-fortified soy foods and orange juice.
2. Vitamin D… Absorbs and deposits calcium into bones.
Daily needs: [New recommendation: “600 units a day for everyone from age 1 to 70 and 800 units for men and women 71 and older, with a safe upper limit for everyone over the age of 9 of 4,000 units.”]
Food sources: Vitamin D-fortified milk and dairy foods.
3. Vitamin K… Activates a protein necessary for bone strength.
Daily needs: 65-80 micrograms.
Food sources: Dark leafy greens, like spinach, kale, Swiss chard, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts.
4. Magnesium… Stimulates bone production.
Daily needs: 100 to 400 milligrams.
Food sources: Almonds, avocados, bananas, dried beans, lentils, nuts, peanut butter, soy, spinach, tofu, wheat germ, and whole wheat bread.
5. Activity… Helps the flow of calcium into the bone.
Weekly needs: Strength train two to three days a week.
Source: Weight-bearing exercise, such as running or walking, most days of the week.
5 Worst Bone Destroyers
1. Alcohol
2. Caffeine
3. Sodium
4. Inactivity
5. Smoking
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'Western' Diet May Raise Risk of Kidney Function Decline

(HealthDay News) A Western-type diet that's high in red and processed meats, saturated fats and sweets is associated with an increased risk of kidney function decline, a new study reveals…
"The kidney is a highly vascular organ, so we were not surprised to see that the Western diet, which has been linked with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, is also associated with kidney function decline over time," lead author Dr. Julie Lin … said.
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Eat This Tuber to Prevent Blood Sugar Damage

(RealAge.com) High blood sugar can damage certain body parts, just like dirty oil can muck up a car's engine. But there might be a novel way to prevent some of that blood sugar badness.
Eat purple sweet potatoes. Dark fruits and veggies, like purple sweet potatoes, are loaded with anthocyanins. And lab studies show that these potent antioxidant compounds interfere with cell-damaging processes that are triggered by high blood sugar…
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Salmon Croquettes
By pairing this superfast recipe with a light salad, you can impress guests and have time to enjoy the meal.
Barbecue Pulled Chicken
This fanciful reinterpretation of pulled pork uses chicken and lots of tomato sauce. Have sliced jalapenos, sliced red onions and some sour cream on hand to top this hearty main course.
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Study finds no evidence black cohosh damages liver

(Reuters Health) Despite reports of liver damage in some women using black cohosh to ease menopause symptoms, clinical trials testing one major brand of this herb have so far found no evidence that it is to blame, according to a research review.
Extracts of black cohosh, a plant native to North America, are marketed as a "natural" form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and are most commonly used to treat hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause.
Studies so far have come to conflicting conclusions about whether black cohosh works.
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Blood Protein Level May Not Influence Effectiveness of Statins

(HealthDay News) A new study debunks the idea that the cholesterol-fighting drugs known as statins work better in people with high levels of a certain protein and may not work at all in those with low levels.
Researchers found that the drugs work the same -- at least in heart patients, older men with high blood pressure and diabetics -- regardless of the results of a test that looks for concentrations of so-called C-reactive protein.
"The bottom line is, if you have vascular disease or diabetes, you will derive substantial benefit from statin treatment," said Dr. Gregg C. Fonarow, a cardiology professor…, who was not involved in the research.
However, Fonarow said, the findings do not say whether levels of the protein will affect the effectiveness of the drugs in healthy people.
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Novel Surgery Removes Rare Tumor, Rebuilds Trachea

(Science Daily) Using a novel surgical approach, it's possible to rebuild the trachea and preserve a patient's voice after removing an invasive throat tumor, according to a new report from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit…
According to head and neck cancer surgeon Tamer A. Ghanem, M.D., Ph.D., who led the Henry Ford surgical team, the easiest approach would have been to remove the trachea and the voice box, given the tumor's proximity to the larynx and other surrounding structures. With this method, however, the patient would no longer be able to speak or swallow normally.
Instead, the surgical team took another approach. Using tissue and bone from the patient's arm, they were able to reconstruct the trachea, restoring airflow through the trachea and saving the patient's voice.
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Cancer Drug Aids Regeneration of Spinal Cord After Injuries

(Science Daily) [S]cientists report … that Taxol promotes regeneration of injured CNS-nerve cells in two ways: Taxol stabilizes the microtubules so that their order is maintained and the injured nerve cells regain their ability to grow. In addition, Taxol prevents the production of an inhibitory substance in the scar tissue. The scar tissue, though reduced by Taxol, will still develop at the site of injury and can thus carry out its protective function. Yet growing nerve cells are now better able to cross this barrier. "This is literally a small breakthrough," says [Frank] Bradke…
[The] researchers supplied the injury site after a partial spinal cord lesion with Taxol via a miniature pump. After just a few weeks, animals showed a significant improvement in their movements. "So far we tested the effects of Taxol immediately after a lesion," explains Farida Hellal, the first author of the study. "The next step is to investigate whether Taxol is as effective when applied onto an existing scar several months after the injury."
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Psychopathy, brain damage -- common traits

(UPI) People diagnosed as psychopathic have difficulty showing empathy and behave as though they are suffering frontal brain damage, Israeli researchers say…
The researchers assessed 17 people who had been diagnosed by psychiatrists as psychotic -- and not suffering from any known brain damage -- and another 25 suffering frontal lobe injury.
Each of the participants had a computerized test examining cognitive ability to recognize feelings in another and the ability to demonstrate empathy for another's emotions. They were also tested to gauge their capacity to understand another's thoughts.
Both groups demonstrated a similar difficulty in showing empathy, while two control groups both showed different results with positive empathy capabilities.
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More People Choosing Hospice at Life's End

(HealthDay News) People facing a fatal illness often find their fears and pain exacerbated by lack of control -- with doctors poking and prodding and treating and testing even as the end grows near.
Hospice care, however, can give back some control over someone's final days through its compassionate focus on treating pain and helping both the dying person and the person's family emotionally grapple with what's to come.
Little wonder, then, that hospice has become an increasingly popular option for people with a fatal illness.
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Docs Rate Almost 1 in 5 Patients as 'Difficult': Study

(HealthDay News) A new study finds that about 18 percent of patients are considered difficult, and they're more likely than others to stay sick.
However, they're only part of the equation: Researchers also report that older doctors and those with better communication skills aren't as flummoxed by difficult patients.
"The patients who have these kinds of problems do better with doctors who have a more open, interpersonal style," said study author Dr. Jeffrey L. Jackson, a professor of medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin. "This leaves me optimistic that we can do a better job."
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Calls Go Out to Revive the Traditional Physical

(HealthDay News) "Getting back to basics" has become a mantra for those who think people have become too reliant on technology, and a growing number of medical experts would agree with the sentiment.
They're concerned that doctors are neglecting the value of talking with patients and performing a hands-on physical examination in favor of newfangled tests and scans…
[T]esting performed in lieu of careful examination can have serious downsides.
Dr. Glen Stream, president-elect of the American Academy of Family Physicians…, said that such tests can actually do harm to a patient, particularly invasive procedures such as heart catheterization or colonoscopy. Even CT scans subject the body to harmful radiation…
Unnecessary testing also is expensive, contributing to the upward climb of health-care costs. For example, routine blood testing and urinalysis alone costs the U.S. health-care system about $80 million every year, [Dr. Marguerite R.] Duane wrote.
Community: As we age, however, it’s really important to get the numbers on cholesterol levels and other measures that require testing. The soon to be available lab on a chip machines should make those tests much cheaper than they are now.
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Committed Relationship Good for Physical and Mental Health

(Science Daily) The 'smug marrieds' may have good reason to feel pleased with themselves as experts now confirm that long-term committed relationships are good for mental and physical health and this benefit increases over time.
[Researchers] from Cardiff University say that on average married people live longer. They say that women in committed relationships have better mental health, while men in committed relationships have better physical health, and they conclude that "on balance it probably is worth making the effort."…
And not all relationships are good for you, they add, referring to evidence that single people have better mental health than those in strained relationships.
Community: Single people may get some of the same benefits from keeping pets.
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Feeling of connection as important as sex?

(UPI) Sexual passion is exciting, but the vast majority of American men and women crave something deeper than just sexual behavior, U.S. researchers say.
Justin Garcia of Binghamton University says people want to feel romantically attached to one another.
"This drive lies deep within our evolved biology; and while sex is important, so too is the drive to connect to a lover," Garcia says in a statement.
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TV: A Sneaky Part of the Food Pyramid

(HealthDay News) The deluge of televisions in American restaurants in recent years makes a mockery of the quaint 1950s vignette of families eating dinner on folding tray tables in front of the Ed Sullivan show. Instead of uniting families, experts say, today's ubiquitous screens are threatening people's health, leading them to eat more of the wrong foods and eroding the socializing that makes mealtime special…
Several studies over the past decade have linked prolonged TV watching with obesity, which affects one-third of adult Americans. Scientists analyzing the Nurses' Health Study in 2003 looked at 50,000 women aged 30 to 55, finding their odds of obesity rising 23 percent and their risk of type 2 diabetes rising 14 percent for every additional two hours of television time they logged…
One reason for the weight gain, [sociology professor David] Burley says, is that people tend to eat more slowly -- and consume less food -- when they are not glued to the tube.
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Some people choose smaller meals when offered

(Reuters Health) Offering downsized meal portions in addition to normal ones at cafeterias may help some people cut their calorie intake, Dutch researchers say.
They say the smaller portions could work in other settings, too, and might help curb obesity, although it's too soon to know if people compensate by eating more the rest of the day.
The report, published the International Journal of Obesity, is the first to look at how people's eating behaviors change if smaller meals are made easily available -- both with and without a corresponding price cut.
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How to Love Vegetables More in Just a Few Weeks

(RealAge.com) In a study of elementary school students, the more the children were exposed to the taste of vegetables they disliked, the more their mouths learned to enjoy them.
In the student study, it took just a couple of months of weekly sampling (and encouragement from teachers) to produce a change of heart about the vegetables. True, it's a study in kids. But other research has suggested the approach may work in adults, too…
It's a small commitment to make in exchange for a diet full of antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and fiber that you actually enjoy eating.
Community: That’s exactly what has happened to me, and I never thought it would.
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Heart-Warming Chicken Soup
Nourish your soul with these chicken soup recipes that cure colds, mend broken hearts, and erase bad days.
Black Bean-Garlic Catfish
[T]he pungent black bean-garlic sauce balances the fish’s strong flavor. Serve with udon noodles or brown rice and sauteed broccoli with ginger broccoli.
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Your Complete Guide to Beef

(SouthBeachDiet.com) Lean protein curbs hunger and allows you to maintain muscle mass while losing weight, which keeps your metabolism running at its peak. Lean beef is not only a good source of protein but also of iron and vitamin B12. Lean cuts of beef — those containing less saturated fat, such as sirloin and tenderloin — are recommended on all Phases of the South Beach Diet. Other fattier cuts, like prime rib, should be avoided until Phase 3 and even then should be eaten sparingly.
To choose the leanest beef, you should consider both its grade and cut. The grade is a voluntary US Department of Agriculture evaluation that's based on the amount of fat marbling, which is how much fat is in the meat muscle. "Prime" is the highest grade, meaning the beef is fattier and more marbled than in other grades; "Select" grade is the leanest beef; and "Choice" beef is in between. Your best bet is to choose Select grades of beef. You can also use your eyes to gauge what’s leanest, avoiding those with lots of white marbling.
When buying beef you need to also factor in the cut, which refers to the part of the cow the meat comes from. Meat from more active parts of the cow tends to be more muscular and have less fat, while cuts from more sedentary parts are more tender and fatty. There are approximately 300 types of retail cuts of beef.
The best beef choices … come from the round, loin, and flank cuts of beef. You want to go for lean meat that has 10 g or less of total fat and 4.5 g or less of saturated fat per 100 g portion.
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Potential 'Cure' for Type 1 Diabetes?

(Science Daily) Type 1 diabetes could be converted to an asymptomatic, non-insulin-dependent disorder by eliminating the actions of a specific hormone, new findings … suggest.
These findings in mice show that insulin becomes completely superfluous and its absence does not cause diabetes or any other abnormality when the actions of glucagon are suppressed. Glucagon, a hormone produced by the pancreas, prevents low blood sugar levels in healthy individuals. It causes high blood sugar in people with type 1 diabetes…
[ Dr. Roger Unger said,] "If these latest findings were to work in humans, injected insulin would no longer be necessary for people with type 1 diabetes."
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Protein Related to Aging Holds Breast Cancer Clues

(Science Daily) The most common type of breast cancer in older women -- estrogen and progesterone receptor (ER/PR) positive breast cancer -- has been linked to a protein that fends off aging-related cellular damage.
A new study … now shows how a deficiency in this aging-associated protein may set the stage for these tumors to develop.
The findings … provide information that could assist in the screening, prevention and treatment of these common age-related cancers.
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Getting More Anti-Cancer Medicine Into the Blood

(Science Daily) Scientists are reporting successful application of the technology used in home devices to clean jewelry, dentures, and other items to make anticancer drugs like tamoxifen and paclitaxel dissolve more easily in body fluids, so they can better fight the disease. The process … can make other poorly soluble materials more soluble, and has potential for improving the performance of dyes, paints, rust-proofing agents and other products….
The scientists describe using sonification, high-pitched sound waves like those in home ultrasonic jewelry and denture cleaners, to break anti-cancer drugs into particles so small that thousands would fit across the width of a human hair. Each particle of that power then gets several coatings with natural polysaccharides that keep them from sticking together. The technique, termed nanoencapsulation, worked with several widely used anti-cancer drugs, raising the possibility that it could be used to administer more-effective doses of the medications.
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Hormone Holds Promise as Memory Enhancer

(LiveScience) Could boosting your memory someday be as simple as popping a pill? Scientists found that rats injected with a hormone could remember better, even two weeks after the memory was formed.
The memory-boosting hormone was IGF2, which plays an important role in brain development. The researchers suggest that a better understanding of how this chemical works (IGF2 is short for insulin-like growth factor 2) might lead to drugs that enhance human brain power, particularly in individuals with Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases.
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Discovery Could Lead to New Therapies for Asthma, COPD

(Science Daily) Researchers have proved that a single "master switch" enzyme, known as aldose reductase, is key in producing excess mucous that clogs the airways of people with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The enzyme's action can be blocked by drugs whose safety has been shown in clinical trials for other diseases -- a discovery that could improve therapies for the 510 million people worldwide suffering from asthma and COPD…
"Existing therapies for airway obstructive diseases provide relief by preventing allergic airway inflammation, but none of these drugs specifically address the problem of excessive mucus production; further, there is no convincing evidence that current therapies significantly reduce mortality associated with chronic asthma and COPD," [professor Satish] Srivastava said. "Also, aldose reductase inhibitors can be given orally, unlike current inhaler-based treatments, so medication compliance could be better. And finally they can provide an alternative to steroid treatment for patients who either can't take steroids or find that steroids have no effect on their disease."
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Stem Cells Show Promise in Repairing a Child's Heart

(Science Daily)  Visionaries in the field of cardiac therapeutics have long looked to the future when a damaged heart could be rebuilt or repaired by using one's own heart cells. A study … shows that heart stem cells from children with congenital heart disease were able to rebuild the damaged heart in the laboratory.
Sunjay Kaushal, MD, PhD…, who headed the study, believes these results show great promise for the growing number of children with congenital heart problems. With this potential therapy option these children may avoid the need for a heart transplant.
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Exercise improves street-crossing speed

(UPI) Exercise can help those with knee osteoarthritis walk fast enough to cross the street before the signal changes, U.S. researchers suggest.
Researchers at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago said 81 percent of those in the group with highest physical activity walked fast enough to clear a busy intersection while the "walk" sign still flashed -- a speed of about 4 feet per second -- versus 49 percent in the group with lowest physical activity…
[Lead author Dorothy] Dunlop recommended even if people cannot meet federal guidelines -- for adults with arthritis that means moderate, low-impact activity at least 2.5 hours a week in sessions lasting 10 minutes or more -- they should try to become as physically active as possible.
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New Lab-on-Chip Advance Uses Low-Cost, Disposable Paper Strips

(Science Daily) Researchers have invented a technique that uses inexpensive paper to make "microfluidic" devices for rapid medical diagnostics and chemical analysis.
The innovation represents a way to enhance commercially available diagnostic devices that use paper-strip assays like those that test for diabetes and pregnancy.
"With current systems that use paper test strips you can measure things like pH or blood sugar, but you can't perform more complex chemical assays," said Babak Ziaie, a Purdue University professor… "This new approach offers the potential to extend the inexpensive paper-based systems so that they are able to do more complicated multiple analyses on the same piece of paper. It's a generic platform that can be used for a variety of applications."
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Charge: Coal-power pollution often deadly

(UPI) U.S. coal-fired power plant pollution is linked to the premature deaths of an estimated 8,000 to 34,000 people each year, officials of a non-profit group say.
Pam Solo, president and founder of the Civil Society Institute in Washington, says the report by Synapse Energy Economics Inc., finds the human health costs of burning coal are real and substantial.
"The extraordinary social cost of the annual 8,000 to 34,000 premature deaths, when valued by current federal standards, imparts a cost on society of $64 (billion) to $272 billion; a cost that is up to four times as expensive as the cost of electricity from coal," Solo says in a statement.
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105 Million in U.S. Have Diabetes or Prediabetes, CDC Says

(HealthDay News) Diabetes now affects nearly 26 million Americans of all ages and 79 million people have what doctors call "prediabetes," according to 2011 estimates released Wednesday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Prediabetes, which the CDC says affects 35 percent of adults, is a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Prediabetes greatly boosts a person's odds for type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
The vast majority of cases of diabetes are type 2, which develops when the body's cells gradually lose sensitivity to insulin.
According to experts, there's one very big reason for type 2 diabetes' continuing rise among Americans -- weight gain.
Community: My dear friends, I hope you realize that these numbers mean about one out of three people you pass on the street has diabetes or pre-diabetes. It’s an epidemic.
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Diabetics, spouses may feel stress

(UPI) Older patients with diabetes and their spouses may experience stress, frustration and sadness due to the demands of the disease, U.S. researchers say.
Melissa M. Franks of Purdue University and her team found that the distress spouses of diabetics feel is similar to what patients feel, and this could contribute to their own depressive symptoms such as irritability or sadness.
Community: Add this information to the calculation when we talk about the suffering caused by this disease. Then think about the fact that for many people, type 2 diabetes is preventable.
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Eating Poorly Can Make You Blue

(Science Daily) Researchers … have demonstrated that the ingestion of trans-fats and saturated fats increase the risk of suffering depression, and that olive oil, on the other hand, protects against this mental illness.
They have confirmed this after studying 12,059 SUN Project volunteers over the course of six years… [D]espite the fact that at the beginning of the study none of the volunteers suffered from depression, at the end of the study 657 new cases had been detected.
Of all these cases, the participants with an elevated consumption of trans-fats (fats present in artificial form in industrially-produced pastries and fast food, and naturally present in certain whole milk products) "presented up to a 48% increase in the risk of depression when they were compared to participants who did not consume these fats," affirmed Almudena S├ínchez-Villegas…, first author of the article.
In addition, the study demonstrated a dose-response relationship, "whereby the more trans-fats were consumed, the greater the harmful effect they produced in the volunteers," the expert stated.
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Molecular Mechanism Links Stress With Predisposition for Depression

(Science Daily) A new study provides insight into how stress impacts the brain and may help to explain why some individuals are predisposed to depression when they experience chronic stress.
The research … reveals complex molecular mechanisms associated with chronic stress and may help to guide new treatment strategies for depression.
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Biochemical Basis for Broccoli's Cancer-Fighting Ability

(Science Daily) Scientists are reporting discovery of a potential biochemical basis for the apparent cancer-fighting ability of broccoli and its veggie cousins. They found for the first time that certain substances in the vegetables appear to target and block a defective gene associated with cancer…
Fung-Lung Chung and colleagues showed in previous experiments that substances called isothiocyanates (or ITCs) -- found in broccoli, cauliflower, watercress, and other cruciferous vegetables -- appear to stop the growth of cancer. But nobody knew exactly how these substances work, a key to developing improved strategies for fighting cancer in humans. The tumor suppressor gene p53 appears to play a key role in keeping cells healthy and preventing them from starting the abnormal growth that is a hallmark of cancer. When mutated, p53 does not offer that protection, and those mutations occur in half of all human cancers. ITCs might work by targeting this gene, the report suggests.
The scientists studied the effects of certain naturally-occurring ITCs on a variety of cancer cells, including lung, breast and colon cancer, with and without the defective tumor suppressor gene. They found that ITCs are capable of removing the defective p53 protein but apparently leave the normal one alone. Drugs based on natural or custom-engineered ITCs could improve the effectiveness of current cancer treatments or lead to new strategies for treating and preventing cancer.
Community: Or we could just eat more broccoli. Why do scientists always look for the most expensive solution? I know the answer, of course. It’s money. They can’t patent a recommendation that you eat more broccoli.
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Non-Alcoholic Energy Drinks May Pose 'High' Health Risks, Experts Argue

(Science Daily) Highly-caffeinated energy drinks -- even those containing no alcohol -- may pose a significant threat to individuals and public health, say researchers…
[T]hey recommend immediate consumer action, education by health providers, voluntary disclosures by manufacturers and new federal labeling requirements.
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Long and Short of Calcium and Vitamin D

(New York Times) The new daily recommendations for calcium and vitamin D, issued in November by the Institute of Medicine, have left many people wondering whether they are getting enough, or perhaps too much, in their diets and supplements…
For daily calcium intake, the institute now recommends 1,000 milligrams for children 4 to 8, women and men 19 to 50, and men 51 to 70; 1,300 milligrams for children 9 to 18; and 1,200 milligrams for women 51 and older and men 71 and older. The upper limit of safety, the institute said, is 2,000 milligrams a day for men and women over 51.
Thus, if you are a postmenopausal woman who typically consumes only one or two servings a day of dairy, you may be hard put to get 1,200 milligrams of calcium from the rest of your diet unless you take a supplement. Dr. Ethel Siris, director of the osteoporosis clinic at Columbia University Medical Center in New York, said such women could benefit from a supplement of calcium carbonate (600 milligrams a day) or calcium citrate (500 milligrams a day).
Be sure to read the product label carefully — a usual “serving” is two tablets. Calcium carbonate should be taken with meals to assure absorption, but calcium citrate can be taken at any time and may cause fewer digestive problems.
Most calcium supplements now also contain vitamin D (usually as cholecalciferol, or D3), supplying about 250 to 300 international units in two tablets. The Institute of Medicine recommends 600 units a day for everyone from age 1 to 70 and 800 units for men and women 71 and older, with a safe upper limit for everyone over the age of 9 of 4,000 units.
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Chicken with Lemon-Caper Sauce
If you're craving Italian for a weeknight meal, try this surprisingly simple take on chicken scaloppini. We recommend serving over a white and wild rice blend.
Moo Shu Vegetables
This vegetarian version of the classic Chinese stir-fry, Moo Shu, uses already-shredded vegetables to cut down on the prep time. Serve with warm whole-wheat tortillas, Asian hot sauce and extra hoisin if desired.
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Growth-Factor-Containing Nanoparticles Accelerate Healing of Chronic Wounds

(Science Daily) Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators have developed a novel system for delivery of growth factors to chronic wounds such as pressure sores and diabetic foot ulcers…
[T]he team … reports fabricating nanospheres containing keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), a protein known to play an important role in wound healing, fused with elastin-like peptides. When suspended in a fibrin gel, these nanoparticles improved the healing of deep skin wounds in diabetic mice.
"It is quite amazing how just one dose of the fusion protein was enough to induce significant tissue regeneration in two weeks" says the paper's lead author Piyush Koria, PhD.
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DMP1 Protein Inhibits Angiogenesis, Could Lead to New Treatments Against Cancer and Other Diseases

(Science Daily) A team … has just published … their work demonstrating that the DMP1 protein has previously unsuspected anti-angiogenic activities which could be used for the development of new treatments against cancer, but also against diseases in which angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels) plays a major role, such as psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis or diabetic retinopathy…
"These results overall indicate that DMP1 could represent a new anti-angiogenesis molecule whose therapeutic implications would moreover go beyond their use in cancer pathology," states Professor Vincent Castronovo.
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Ancient Body Clock Discovered That Helps Keep All Living Things on Time

(Science Daily) The mechanism that controls the internal 24-hour clock of all forms of life from human cells to algae has been identified by scientists.
Not only does the research provide important insight into health-related problems linked to individuals with disrupted clocks -- such as pilots and shift workers -- it also indicates that the 24-hour circadian clock found in human cells is the same as that found in algae and dates back millions of years to early life on Earth.
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Widespread Use of Defibrillators in Public Places Saves Lives: Study

(HealthDay News) The odds of surviving cardiac arrest are greater if it is caused by a "shockable" arrhythmia and if bystanders can give CPR and a shock from a nearby automated external defibrillator (AED), a new study finds…
AEDs placed and used in public places will save lives if they are easy to find and a bystander is willing to use them, [Dr. Myron L. Weisfeldt said].
"AED use in the home will benefit some patients but not nearly as consistently as in public places," he added. "In the home, it is even more important to call 911 to get the EMS activated and to perform CPR."
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Stroke threat after heart surgery on the decline

(Reuters Health) Bypass heart surgery is becoming safer, according to doctors who say the risk of stroke in the operating room has been dropping since the late 1980s at their medical center.
Over three decades, 1.6 percent of the patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, or CABG (pronounced 'cabbage'), at the Cleveland Clinic had a stroke during or shortly after the procedure.
The stroke rate declined slowly from a peak of 2.6 percent in 1988, although patients coming to have the operation were arriving in poorer condition.
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