A community for people who want to remain as healthy as possible as we age.

How to Reduce the Risk of Having a Stroke

We can reduce the risk of having a stroke or minimize the damage caused by a stroke if we have one. Here are some tips.
Lead a healthy lifestyle - "people who maintain a healthy weight, exercise, eat well and abstain from smoking and heavy drinking have a reduced risk of stroke."
Get enough sleep (more herehere, and here) and avoid shift work.
Cultivate a positive attitude.
Practice yoga.
Reduce salt intake (but maybe not), or maybe just make sure you get the right balance between potassium and salt (more here).
Eat
Foods containing carotenoids (list here),
Chocolate (more here),
Citrus fruit (more here),
Cranberries or drink the juice,
Fiber (more here),
Fish several times a week (more here), but not fried, especially not fried in trans fat or animal fat;
Lycopene rich foods like tomatoes and dark leafy greens,
Magnesium rich foods (more here and here) such as green leafy vegetables, nuts, beans and whole grain,
Potassium rich foods (more here) like bananas and other fruits and vegetables, as well as fish, poultry and dairy, but the best sources are sweet potato and tomato paste),
High protein foods.
Use omega-3 vegetable oils for salad dressings and cooking, especially olive oil and canola oil.
Drink coffee (more here and here) or green tea.
Drink alcohol in moderation (more here).
Get enough
Vitamin B,
Vitamin B12 (more here),
Vitamin D (more here), especially if you’re white.
Take
Low dose aspirin, if at risk.
Control
Cholesterol (more here) - by taking statins, if necessary, but also by increasing HDL levels - though not by using a niacin supplement, but some niacin may help reduce stroke risk),
Avoid
Heavy alcohol drinking, or even moderate drinking if you already have heart disease,
Red meat (more here and here),
Living near loud traffic noise,
Smoking (more herehere, here, and here, including marijuana smoking),
Trans fats (more here),
Tungsten, a metal found in many electronic devices.
Treat
Heart arrhythmia (more here and here),
Sleep apnea (more herehere, and here).
Online tools can help with motivation and compliance.